Josef Strauss

Biography

Born: August 20, 1827; Vienna, Austria   Died: July 22, 1870; Vienna, Austria  
Josef Strauss was born into one of the most famous of Viennese musical families. His father, Johann Strauss (1804-1849), was a violinist in the popular Josef Lanner dance orchestra when he married Maria Anna Streim, and then formed his own orchestra and overtook Lanner in popularity. Johann Sr. was opposed to his children going into music professionally, but he saw to it that the boys became proficient pianists. Although Johann Sr. intended him Read more for the army, Josef studied poetry, art, and engineering. He enrolled in the Vienna Polytechnic for civil engineering and architecture degrees.

Maria Anna suggested that Josef take a position in Johann Jr.'s orchestra, but he turned down the idea, joking that he was too ugly for a career on stage. Furthermore, he was subject to fainting spells and intense headaches. Instead, he made his living as an engineer and designer. Among other things he invented a type of mechanical street-sweeper (which the city of Vienna adopted) and published two mathematical books.

In 1853, Josef conducted the orchestra for a while after Johann Jr. collapsed from overwork. He had an unexpected success and even composed a waltz set, which he hopefully called First and Last Waltzes. After this, too, surprised everyone by becoming highly popular, he wrote another, which he called First Waltz after the Last. When Johann was able to return to work in September, he found that Josef was willing to step in as an assistant at a moment's notice. The brothers were able to do this easily, since they contracted for and advertised that the orchestra would be conducted by "J. Strauss."

By 1856 was Josef ready to join the Strauss organization full-time. He took violin lessons from Franz Amon, Johann Sr.'s old teacher. Josef and Johann pretty much shared the leadership of the orchestra and its business from then until 1862, when they were joined by younger brother Eduard. In 1857 Josef married his childhood sweetheart, Karoline Pruckmayr. He spent all his spare time writing poetry, painting, and composing music, getting little sleep and continually smoking cigars. His waltzes are particularly intriguing. It is obvious that he had a poetic outlook not shared by his more down-to-earth brother. The Viennese loved his chronically pale, romantic appearance. Many of his waltzes have the greatest musical value of any the Strauss family output. He showed the influence of composers from Schubert and Chopin to Liszt and Wagner. Some of his most popular waltzes are Love and Life, Voices of the Times, Music of the Spheres, and Village Swallows from Austria. It is also known that Josef generously allowed Johann to claim as his own some waltzes actually written by Josef. He wrote a serious composition, a tone poem with orchestra called Ode to the Night. It received great critical acclaim, but has been lost.

In 1863 Johann was appointed Imperial and Royal Hofballmusikdirektor, which required him to largely absent himself from the family orchestra. This left Josef to take some of the orchestra's touring assignments, which he hated. He accepted an obligation to take the orchestra to Warsaw in April. There, in June, he suffered a blackout and fell from the podium. He asked to be taken to his home in Vienna, where he died within the month. Read less
Karajan 1951-1960: Mozart, Schubert, Brahms, Strauss, Wagner
Release Date: 05/13/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 633623   Number of Discs: 12
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Karajan: Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Brahms, R. Strauss, Opera Arias - 1946-1949
Release Date: 04/08/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 633618   Number of Discs: 10
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Browse 176-200 of 219 Available Recordings
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  • 176.
    The Strauss Family: Waltzes, Polkas & Marches / Boskovsky
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455254 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 177.
    Josef Strauss Edition Vol 7 / Mika Eichenholz
    Label: Marco Polo   Catalog: 8223567 Release Date: 08/05/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Mika Eichenholz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 178.
    Josef Strauss Edition Vol 8 / Mika Eichenholz
    Label: Marco Polo   Catalog: 223568 Release Date: 08/05/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Mika Eichenholz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 179.
    Josef Strauss Edition Vol 4 / Michael Dittrich
    Label: Marco Polo   Catalog: 223564 Release Date: 03/18/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Michael Dittrich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bratislava Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 180.
    Josef Strauss Edition Vol 5 / Christian Pollack
    Label: Marco Polo   Catalog: 223565 Release Date: 03/18/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Christian Pollack
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 181.
    Josef Strauss Edition Vol 6 / John Georgiadis
    Label: Marco Polo   Catalog: 8223566 Release Date: 03/18/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  John Georgiadis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 182.
    Radetzky-marsch - Favorite Showpieces For Brass / Jeitler
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 140 Release Date: 02/18/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karl Mühlberger,  Julius Fucik,  Carl Michael Ziehrer,  Eduard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Jeitler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Young Brass Philharmonic
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  • 183.
    Clemens Krauss Dirigiert Vol 2 / Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90291 Release Date: 01/21/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Richard Strauss,  Manuel de Falla
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 184.
    New Year's Concert 1996 / Maazel, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 68421 Release Date: 10/15/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Carl Michael Ziehrer,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Lorin Maazel
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 185.
    From Holland With Love / André Rieu
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 522933 Release Date: 03/05/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Ludwig Gruber,  Ferry Wunsch,  Rudolf Sieczynski  ... 
    Performer:  André Rieu,  Frédéric Jenniges
    Conductor:  Jurre Haanstra
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Netherlands
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  • 186.
    Silvesterkonzert Mit Rudolf Kempe U.d. Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 9007 Release Date: 11/14/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár,  Franz von Suppé,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Clemens Dillner,  Karl Jancik
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 187.
    Josef Strauss Edition Vol 2 / Alfred Walter
    Label: Marco Polo   Catalog: 223562 Release Date: 10/24/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Robert Schumann
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 188.
    Josef Strauss Edition Vol 3 / Alfred Walter
    Label: Marco Polo   Catalog: 8223563 Release Date: 10/24/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 189.
    An Evening With The Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 68860 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Emil Waldteufel  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Rabin,  Leonard Pennario
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin,  Carmen Dragon,  Miklós Rózsa,  Earl Bernard Murray  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 190.
    Favorite Waltzes / Felix Slatkin, Miklós Rózsa
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 69023 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Iosif Ivanovici,  Emil Waldteufel,  Josef Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin,  Miklós Rózsa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 191.
    Vienna / Fritz Reiner, Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 68160 Release Date: 09/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Strauss,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 192.
    1995 New Year's Concert / Mehta, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 66860 Release Date: 03/21/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 193.
    Strauss Josef: Edition Vol. 1
    Label: Marco Polo   Catalog: 223561 Release Date: 03/21/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Budapest Strauss Symphony Orchestra
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  • 194.
    Strauss: Waltzes / Boskovsky, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 443473 Release Date: 02/14/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Anton Karas
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 195.
    150 Jahre Weiner Philharmoniker - Erich Kleiber
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90115 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Conductor:  George Szell,  Erich Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 196.
    150 Jahre Wiener Philharmoniker - Clemens Krauss
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90112 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Carl Michael Ziehrer,  Franz Joseph Haydn
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 197.
    Viennese Night At The Proms / Sir John Pritchard, Bbc
    Label: Imp Bbc Radio Classics   Catalog: IMP3BBCRD9109 Release Date: 02/01/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Franz Lehár,  Richard Heuberger
    Performer:  Catherine Wilson,  Stuart Burrows
    Conductor:  John Pritchard
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 198.
    The Strauss Family - Favorite Melodies
    Label: Curb Records   Catalog: 78002 Release Date: 01/24/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Karl Janacik
    Conductor:  Manfred Honeck,  Rudolf Kempe,  Otmar Suitner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 199.
    100 Fiedler Favorites
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 62698 Release Date: 10/11/1994   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Jacob Gade,  Stevie Wonder,  George Cory,  Jerry Herman  ... 
    Performer:  Leo Litwin,  Earl Wild,  Pasquale Cardillo,  Toni Noichl  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
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  • 200.
    Strauss - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64063 Release Date: 08/09/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Lazar Gosman,  Eugene Ormandy,  Stanley Black,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tchaikovsky Chamber Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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