Johann Strauss Sr.

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Biography

Born: March 14, 1804   Died: September 25, 1849   Country: Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss I is one of the most important composers of nineteenth century Viennese light music. While his son, Johann Jr., has rightly surpassed him in fame and stature, he must still be assessed as an important figure in the genre, not simply because of his influence on his sons and other composers, but because of the occasional high quality of his music. His melodies tend not to flow smoothly in their brevity or in their motif-like collage Read more structure, and his harmonies are not particularly inventive. Still, he was able to fashion attractive music in the Viennese waltz genre owing to his understanding of its nature -- indeed, he was central to its evolution in the nineteenth century. Moreover, he possessed the ability to convey the best case for his works through his superior conducting skills. He had moments of genuine inspiration and created several memorable works, including the Loreley-Rhein-Klänge (1844) and Radetsky-Marsch (1848). In addition, he had a keen sense for employing popular themes from the works of other composers, as with his Walzer ŕ la Paganini, Op. 11.
Although Johann Strauss had shown musical talent in his childhood, he began apprenticeship in bookbinding at age 13, while still taking lessons on the violin from Polischansky. Around this time he began playing viola for Michael Pamer in his dance orchestra. There he befriended Joseph Lanner, who would also make a name for himself as a composer in the light music genre. Lanner formed a trio which Strauss joined at the age of 15. As the group grew to orchestra size, young Johann took on greater responsibilities, finally becoming conductor of Lanner's second orchestra, which had splintered from the main ensemble. By this time, Strauss had studied theory with Ignaz von Seyfried, but had not yet delved into composition.
In July 1825, Strauss married Maria Anna Streim and three months later she gave birth to Johann Jr. A month before the birth, Strauss had left his post with Lanner to form his own band, comprised of some of Lanner's players. He began writing his earliest compositions not long afterward, like the Op. 1 Täuberlin-Walzer and the first of the Kettenbrücken Waltzes, Op. 4.
By the early 1830s, Strauss and his 28-piece dance orchestra had become immensely popular, owing not only to his music, but his deft conducting of it. In 1833, Strauss launched a European tour that included concerts in Germany and France. Berlioz lavished much praise on his music and performances in Paris. In 1838, he made the first of two successful trips to England, the last coming in 1849. He was even invited to play for Queen Victoria's coronation, an event for which he composed his Queen Victoria Waltz.
In 1842, Strauss left his wife and family, an action that freed Johann Jr., to openly study music, a profession his father had discouraged. The elder Strauss had left to live with another woman, Emilie Trampusch. He remained productive as a composer and popular as a performer throughout that decade, though Johann Jr. would form a band and become a serious, if unintended, rival. After performing an engagement at a fashionable establishment in Vienna in September 1849, Strauss, who had contracted scarlet fever from one of the seven illegitimate children he fathered by Emilie Trampusch, became seriously ill. He died six days later, at age 45.
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Waltzes & Polkas Of Vienna - Strauss Family Favourites / Georgiadis
Release Date: 03/23/2010   Label: Musical Concepts  
Catalog: 1070   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Radetzky March, Op. 228

Browse 1-25 of 203 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Neujahrskonzert / New Year's Concert 2015 [blu-ray]
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 503551 Release Date: 02/03/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz von Suppé,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 2.
    Neujahrskonzert / New Year's Concert 2015 [DVD]
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 503550 Release Date: 02/03/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz von Suppé,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 3.
    Johann Strauss Gala / Mehta, Carreras, Rost
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 102208 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  José Carreras,  Andrea Rost
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $29.99
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  • 4.
    Johann Strauss Gala / Mehta, Carreras, Rost [blu-ray]
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 108174 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  José Carreras,  Andrea Rost
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    Blu-ray Video: $39.99
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  • 5.
    Best Of New Year's Concerts  / Harnoncourt,  Muti, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 619354 Release Date: 01/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 6.
    100 Classical Masterworks
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002188102 Release Date: 01/06/2015   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Edvard Grieg,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Lorin Maazel,  Neeme Järvi,  Herbert von Karajan,  Carlo Maria Giulini  ... 
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel,  Neeme Järvi,  Herbert von Karajan,  Carlo Maria Giulini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bolshoi Theater Violin Ensemble,  Ansbach Bach Week Soloists Union,  Salzburg Mozarteum Camerata Academica  ... 
    On sale! $29.98
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  • 7.
    Legendary Moments from the New Year's Concerts Vol 2
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 307491 Release Date: 01/06/2015   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Lanner,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber,  Zubin Mehta,  Lorin Maazel,  Mariss Jansons  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 8.
    New Year's Concert 2015 / Zubin Mehta, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88875037912 Release Date: 01/06/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz von Suppé,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 9.
    Decca - Vienna Philharmonic - The Orchestral Edition
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002227902 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 65
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Tom Krause,  Werner Krenn,  Elly Ameling,  Werner Tripp  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Herbert von Karajan,  Karl Münchinger,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Singverein  ... 
    On sale! $199.98
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  • 10.
    Karajan - 1980s
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002187902 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 78
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Anton Bruckner,  Johannes Brahms,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Performer:  David Bell,  José Van Dam,  Barbara Hendricks,  Gösta Winbergh  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Domenico Bartolucci
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein  ... 
    On sale! $259.98
    CD: $218.49
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  • 11.
    Seiji Ozawa - The Philips Years: Original Jacket Collection [50-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002185602 Release Date: 11/18/2014   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Hector Berlioz  ... 
    Performer:  Mariko Kobayashi,  Everett Firth,  Hiroshi Arimori,  Sawako Yasue  ... 
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Saito Kinen Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers  ... 
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  • 12.
    Ferenc Fricsay: Complete Recordings On Deutsche Grammophon, Vol. 1 - Orchestral Works
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002132602 Release Date: 09/02/2014   Number of Discs: 45
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  César Franck  ... 
    Performer:  Géza Anda,  Tibor Varga,  Helmut Krebs,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 13.
    El Sistema at Salzburg Festival / Rattle, National Children's Symphony Orchestra of Venezuela
    Label: C Major   Catalog: 716908 Release Date: 07/29/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  George Gershwin,  Leonard Bernstein,  Johann Strauss Sr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle,  Jesús Parra
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Children's Symphony Orchestra of Venezuela,  White Hands Choir of Venezuela
    DVD: $24.99
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  • 14.
    El Sistema At Salzburg Festival / Rattle, National Children's Symphony Orchestra Of Venezuela [blu-ray]
    Label: C Major   Catalog: 717004 Release Date: 07/29/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  George Gershwin,  Leonard Bernstein,  Johann Strauss Sr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle,  Jesús Parra
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Children's Symphony Orchestra of Venezuela,  White Hands Choir of Venezuela
    Blu-ray Video: $39.99
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  • 15.
    Classic Marches - Elgar, Verdi, Strauss
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 4763772 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jeremiah Clarke,  Georges Bizet,  Hector Berlioz,  Ron Goodwin  ... 
    Conductor:  Benjamin Northey,  John Lanchbery,  Jorge Mester,  David Measham  ... 
    On sale! $29.98
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  • 16.
    Beruhmte Marsche
    Label: Da Capo   Catalog: 277 Release Date: 05/20/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Richard Wagner,  Josef Schrammel,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Matthias G. Kendlinger
    On sale! $25.98
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  • 17.
    Karajan 1951-1960: Mozart, Schubert, Brahms, Strauss, Wagner
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 633623 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
    CD: $74.49
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  • 18.
    Kendlinger Dirigiert Strauß, 2011
    Label: Da Capo Austria (Austria)   Catalog: 1109 Release Date: 04/08/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Claudia Ema Camie
    Conductor:  Matthias G. Kendlinger
    SuperAudio CD: $20.99
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  • 19.
    Music For Your Star Sign: Aries
    Label: United Multimedia   Catalog: 67002 Release Date: 03/18/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Béla Bartók  ... 
    Conductor:  Karel Brazda,  Pawel Przytocki,  Milan Horvat,  Cesare Cantieri  ... 
    CD: $6.99
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  • 20.
    New Year's Concert 2014 / Daniel Barenboim, Vienna Philharmonic [Blu-ray]
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88883792299 Release Date: 02/04/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 21.
    New Year's Concert 2014 / Daniel Barenboim, Vienna Philharmonic [DVD]
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88883792289 Release Date: 02/04/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $14.99
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  • 22.
    New Year's Concert 2014 / Daniel Barenboim, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 301564 Release Date: 01/07/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 23.
    Zubin Mehta: Live In Front Of The Grand Palace, Bangkok
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 6227 Release Date: 11/12/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Unspecified,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Performer:  Roman Spitzer,  Ilya Konovalov
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
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    CD: $31.99
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  • 24.
    Don't Get Stressed, Get Straussed, Vol. 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 91236 Release Date: 09/10/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hans Christian Lumbye,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Guido Mancusi,  Mika Eichenholz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schloss Schönbrunn Orchester Wien
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 25.
    Karajan - 1970s
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001873702 Release Date: 09/03/2013   Number of Discs: 82
    Composer:  Arcangelo Corelli,  Francesco Manfredini,  Pietro Antonio Locatelli,  Giuseppe Torelli  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Brandis,  Michel Schwalbé,  Karlheinz Zöller,  Edith Mathis  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Hans Priem Bergrath
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Berlin Deutsche Oper Chorus  ... 
    CD: $313.99
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