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Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less
J. Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Previn, Te Kanawa, Gruberova
Release Date: 11/08/1991   Label: Philips  
Catalog: 432157   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Eine Nacht In Venedig / Clear, Singer, Schorkhuber, Irosch
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Archipel  
Catalog: 5   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: A Night In Venice / Thompson, Ohio Light Opera
Release Date: 08/01/2000   Label: Newport Classic  
Catalog: 85661   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Karajan, Waechter, Stolze, Et Al
Release Date: 09/14/1999   Label: Rca Victor Red Seal  
Catalog: 61949   Number of Discs: 3
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Johann Strauss, Jr: The Gypsy Baron / Paulik, Scheyrer
Release Date: 01/17/1996   Label: Vanguard  
Catalog: 8082   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Die Fledermaus: Overture

Browse 76-100 of 140 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    All Time Favorite Strauss Waltzes
    Label: Kado   Catalog: 20050 Release Date: 10/04/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Theater Symphony Orchestra
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  • 77.
    Invitation to the Dance / Alt-Wiener Strauss Ensemble
    Label: Edition Hera   Catalog: 2008 Release Date: 08/30/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Theresa Ullrich
    Conductor:  Ralph Kulling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Old Vienna Strauss Ensemble
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  • 78.
    Radiance - Music For A Celebration
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17532 Release Date: 07/12/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Leos Janácek,  Gioachino Rossini,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Niccolò Paganini  ... 
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  • 79.
    Peter Maag Conducts Johann Strauss, Jr.
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 43036 Release Date: 05/31/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Antal Tichy
    Conductor:  Peter Maag
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Rome,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin
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  • 80.
    Von Suppé, Verdi, Strauss / Marthé, European Po
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90637 Release Date: 05/31/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz von Suppé,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Jan Marthé
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  European Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 81.
    Sparkling Classics - Music For An Evening With Friends / Kunzel, Titov, Pesek, Sondeckis, Et Al
    Label: Gift Of Music   Catalog: 1140 Release Date: 02/01/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mikhail Glinka,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Georges Bizet,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Conductor:  Klaus-Peter Hahn,  Vakhtang Kakhidze,  Alexander Titov,  Erich Kunzel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Radio & TV Symphony Orchestra,  Tbilisi Symphony Orchestra,  St. Petersburg Chamber Orchestra "Canon"  ... 
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  • 82.
    New Year's Concert In Vienna 1989 / Carlos Kleiber, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000384209 Release Date: 01/11/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 83.
    The Essence Of Viennese Music / Guth, Bruckner Linz
    Label: Chesky Records   Catalog: 255 Release Date: 07/27/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Lehár  ... 
    Performer:  Herbert Lippert,  Edith Lienbacher
    Conductor:  Peter Guth
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  • 84.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Sergiu Celibidache
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 62872 Release Date: 07/13/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Nielsen,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Sergiu Celibidache
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Danish National Radio Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 85.
    Klimt - Music Of His Time
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8558146 Release Date: 05/01/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karol Szymanowski,  Richard Strauss,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Anton Webern  ... 
    Performer:  Barbara Zagórzanka,  Peter Hill,  Ruxandra Donose,  Thomas Harper  ... 
    Conductor:  Karol Stryja,  Zdenek Kosler,  Takuo Yuasa,  Michael Halász  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra,  Ulster Orchestra  ... 
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  • 86.
    Johann Strauss II: Waltzes, Polkas, etc / Tovey, et al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 5856332 Release Date: 02/03/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Bramwell Tovey,  Bryden Thomson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra
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  • 87.
    Scene  Viva Verdi! / Hr Brass
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 6031187 Release Date: 01/20/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Balazs Nemes,  Oliver Siefert
    Conductor:  Steven Verhaert
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  HR Brass
    CD: $16.99
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  • 88.
    An Operetta Potpourri / Uwe Theimer
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 25003 Release Date: 12/30/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Oscar Straus,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Emmerich Kálmán,  Robert Stolz  ... 
    Conductor:  Uwe Theimer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Ball Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Best Of New Year's Concert / Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000166302 Release Date: 12/09/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa,  Herbert von Karajan,  Lorin Maazel,  Claudio Abbado  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 90.
    J. Strauss Jr: Waltzes, Polkas, Overtures / Immerseel, Et Al
    Label: Zig Zag   Catalog: 20601 Release Date: 12/09/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Jos van Immerseel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Anima Eterna Orchestra
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  • 91.
    Original Masters - Ferenc Fricsay - A Life In Music
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000085402 Release Date: 08/12/2003   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Maureen Forrester,  Rudolf Schulz,  Margrit Weber,  Ernst Haefliger  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 92.
    Karajan - The Collection - Famous Overtures / Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000020102 Release Date: 05/13/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Wolfgang Meyer
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 93.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Waltzes, Polkas & Marches / Harnoncourt, Royal Concertgebouw
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 7499812 Release Date: 04/28/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 94.
    Viennese Favourites / Rudolf Kempe, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1275 Release Date: 01/14/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Heuberger,  Franz Lehár  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 95.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Bruno Walter
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75133 Release Date: 06/04/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Wagner,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Kathleen Ferrier,  Lauritz Melchior,  Alfred Jerger,  Emanuel List  ... 
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  British Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 96.
    New Year's Concert 2002 / Seiji Ozawa, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 468999 Release Date: 01/07/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  J. "Pepi" Hellmesberger
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 97.
    Werke Der Familie Strauss / Ensemble 11
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 594 Release Date: 07/31/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble 11
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  • 98.
    Viennafest - The Music Of Lehar, Lanner, Etc / Kunzel, Etc
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80547 Release Date: 10/24/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Emmerich Kálmán,  Franz Lehár,  Rudolf Sieczynski,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Tracy Dahl
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops
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  • 99.
    Famous Operetta Overtures - J. Strauss Ii, Von Suppé, Et Al
    Label: Amadis   Catalog: 7076 Release Date: 10/07/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jacques Offenbach,  Franz von Suppé,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Martin Sieghart
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bratislava Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $3.99
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  • 100.
    Strauss: Kaiser Waltzer, Etc / Karajan, Et Al
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469211 Release Date: 09/26/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  René Kollo,  Evi List,  Julia Varády  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber,  Karl Böhm,  Willi Boskovsky,  Lorin Maazel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Bavarian State Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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