Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less

Work: Die Fledermaus: Overture

Browse 51-75 of 151 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Strauss Family: Waltzes / Guth, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks   Catalog: 28150 Release Date: 10/14/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Peter Guth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 52.
    Basics - Operetta Melodies: Strauss, Lehar, Suppe
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 149372 Release Date: 09/09/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Lehár,  Franz von Suppé,  Eduard Künneke,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Harald Neukirch,  Wolfgang Hellmich,  Jutta Vulpius,  Siegfried Vogel  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Neuhaus,  Otmar Suitner,  Heinz Rögner,  Rudolf Kempe  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Radio Chorus,  Leipzig Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra  ... 
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  • 53.
    Strauss Family: Polkas & Waltzes
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453052 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 54.
    New Year's Concert 1988 / Abbado, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 423662 Release Date: 08/18/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  E. Nikolaus von Reznicek,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 55.
    A New Year's Eve Concert / Kempe, Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 185822 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz von Suppé,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 56.
    Basics 25-cd Boxset
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 186002 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Georges Bizet,  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    CD: $98.99
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  • 57.
    Lehár: Die Lustige Witwe; Johann Strauss Jr: Waltzes / Welser-möst
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 20974 Release Date: 06/10/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Lehár,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Robert Poulton,  Rudolf Schasching,  Elzbieta Szmytka  ... 
    Conductor:  Franz Welser-Möst
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Glyndebourne Festival Chorus
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  • 58.
    Karajan - Complete Emi Recordings 1946-84 Vol 1 - Orchestral Works
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 12038 Release Date: 04/01/2008   Number of Discs: 88
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  E. Nikolaus von Reznicek,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Karl Leister,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Ernst Haefliger,  Anne-Sophie Mutter  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
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    CD: $194.99
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  • 59.
    Classic Highlights: Dvorak, Chopin, Strauss, Mozart, Beethoven
    Label: Bell'art   Catalog: 768075 Release Date: 03/25/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Pablo de Sarasate,  Georges Bizet,  George Gershwin,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
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  • 60.
    Souvenir Aus Wien / Ensemble Wien
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 47187 Release Date: 03/12/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  August Lanner,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Lanner  ... 
    Performer:  Josef Pitzek,  Peter Götzel,  Paul Guggenberger,  Günter Seifert
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Ensemble
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  • 61.
    Karajan - The Legendary Decca Recordings - Brahms, Adam, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001078802 Release Date: 03/11/2008   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Gustav Holst  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Music For An Empress
    Label: Document (Usa)   Catalog: 1203617 Release Date: 01/08/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Antonín Dvorák,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
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  • 63.
    Sir Neville Marriner Conducts Famous Overtures / Asmf
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 411450 Release Date: 12/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz von Suppé,  Daniel-François Auber,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 64.
    Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra Plays Strauss 1929 - 1990
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 435335 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber,  Clemens Krauss,  George Szell,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 65.
    Basics - Johann Strauss, Josef Strauss, Et Al / Kempe, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 8570 Release Date: 11/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Manfred Honeck,  Rudolf Kempe,  Otmar Suitner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 66.
    The Cleveland Orchestra At Carnegie Hall
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2056578 Release Date: 10/30/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz von Suppé
    Performer:  Dorothea Röschmann,  Leif Ove Andsnes
    Conductor:  Franz Welser-Möst
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 67.
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 7032 Release Date: 09/18/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Pietro Mascagni,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Enrique Granados  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 68.
    Songs And Waltzes From Vienna - Lotte Lehman, Bruno Walter
    Label: Cbs Masterworks Portrait   Catalog: 47682 Release Date: 06/25/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Nico Dostal,  Hermann Leopoldi,  Ralph Benatzky  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Ulanowsky,  Lotte Lehmann
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 69.
    Night And Day / Nadja Salerno-sonnenberg
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56481 Release Date: 05/18/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Fritz Kreisler,  Johannes Brahms,  Alexander Borodin  ... 
    Performer:  Masao Kawasaki,  Eric Kim,  Mats Lidström,  Benny Kim  ... 
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  • 70.
    Music By Johann Strauss (Piano Transcroptions)
    Label: Membran / Scandinavian Classics   Catalog: 220514 Release Date: 04/26/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Lars Boje Jensen
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  • 71.
    The Best of Johann Strauss II
    Label: Resonance   Catalog: 3089 Release Date: 04/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Rouslan Raychev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bulgarian Broadcasting Symphony Orchestra
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  • 72.
    New Year's Concert In Vienna 1987 / Karajan, Battle, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000816702 Release Date: 02/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Kathleen Battle
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 73.
    Standing Ovation - Popular Overtures / Mehta, Los Angeles Philharmonic
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4769907 Release Date: 02/12/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Leonard Bernstein,  Gioachino Rossini,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Strauss & Co / Art Of Brass Vienna
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 186 Release Date: 01/02/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Lanner,  Josef Strauss,  Fritz Kreisler  ... 
    Performer:  Heinrich Bruckner,  Hans Gansch,  Thomas Bieber,  Jonathon Sass  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Art of Brass
    On sale! $33.98
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  • 75.
    The Never Ending Waltz / Kunzel, Cincinnati Pops Orchestra
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80668 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Léo Delibes,  Léon Fyodorovich Minkus  ... 
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops
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