Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.

Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna on Read more October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.

His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.

Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.

In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.

Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less

The Strauss Family In London / Georgiadis, London So
Release Date: 06/29/2004   Label: Chandos Collect  
Catalog: 6691   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Haider, Mikolaj, Reiss, Edelmann, Holecek
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Capriccio Records  
Catalog: 5167   Number of Discs: 2
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Vienna Premiere Vol 1 / Rothstein, Johann Strauss Orchestra
Release Date: 07/06/2009   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 8381   Number of Discs: 1
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Vienna Premieres Vols. 1, 2 & 3 / Rothstein, Johann Strauss Orchestra
Release Date: 07/26/2011   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10684   Number of Discs: 3
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Karajan: Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Brahms, R. Strauss, Opera Arias - 1946-1949
Release Date: 04/08/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 633618   Number of Discs: 10
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Work: Die Fledermaus: Overture

Browse 26-50 of 151 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Viennese Night at the BBC Proms
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5026 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Franz von Suppé
    Performer:  Sheila Armstrong
    Conductor:  James Loughran,  Walter Susskind,  Janos Fürst
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  BBC Northern Symphony
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  • 27.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Complete Orchestral Edition [52-CD Set]
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8505226 Release Date: 04/26/2011   Number of Discs: 52
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Robert Schumann,  Olga Smirnitzkaja
    Performer:  Jozef Sikora,  Regina Jauslin,  Viktor Simcisko,  Katarína Vavreková  ... 
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter,  Richard Edlinger,  Oliver Dohnányi,  Johannes Wildner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Polish National Philharmonic Orchestra Katowice,  Bratislava Slovak State Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $148.99
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  • 28.
    Strauss Collection - Early Recordings On 78s (1901-1951)
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 1006/13 Release Date: 04/12/2011   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Spoken Word,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Irene Eisinger,  Dajos Bela,  Barnabas Von Geczy,  Marcella Sembrich  ... 
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss,  Howard Barlow,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Harry Horlick  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kölner Klavier-Trio
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  • 29.
    100 Best Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 17639 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 30.
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 648513 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
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  • 31.
    Kaiserwalzer - Strauss Family: Orchestral Works / Fricsay
    Label: Dg Musikfest   Catalog: 427217 Release Date: 12/08/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bratislava Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 32.
    111 - The Collector's Edition 2 [56-CD Set - Limited Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4779142 Release Date: 11/09/2010   Number of Discs: 56
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Maurice Ravel,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Stuart Harling,  Robert Lloyd,  Sherrill Milnes,  Placido Domingo  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  John Nelson,  Leonard Bernstein,  Jerzy Semkow  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers,  George Watson's College Boys' Chorus  ... 
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  • 33.
    Best Of Classics - Bach, Beethoven, Strauss, Vivaldi, Dvorak, Chopin, Mozart
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4013 Release Date: 10/26/2010   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Antonín Dvorák,  Leos Janácek  ... 
    Performer:  Jiri Reinberger,  Jan Kalfus,  Miroslav Kejmar,  Zuzana Ruzicková  ... 
    Conductor:  Bohumil Kulínsky,  Jaroslav Krcek,  Milan Munclinger,  Josef Vlach  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Children's Chorus,  Musica Bohemica,  Ars Rediviva  ... 
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  • 34.
    Hans Knappertsbusch & The Berlin Philharmonic - Complete RIAS Recordings
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 21405 Release Date: 10/26/2010   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 35.
    Icon - Rudolf Kempe
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 29557 Release Date: 09/14/2010   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Tortelier,  Sylvia Geszty,  Teresa Zylis-Gara,  Gundula Janowitz  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 36.
    The Ultimate Operetta Album
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8578037-38 Release Date: 06/29/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár,  Emmerich Kálmán,  Robert Stolz  ... 
    Performer:  János Berkes,  Ingrid Kertesi,  Michael Roider,  Yvonne Kenny  ... 
    Conductor:  Johannes Wildner,  László Kovács,  Richard Bonynge,  Steven Mercurio
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  • 37.
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2088 Release Date: 05/11/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
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  • 38.
    Waltzes & Polkas Of Vienna - Strauss Family Favourites / Georgiadis
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1070 Release Date: 03/23/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Eduard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  John Georgiadis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 39.
    New Year's Concert 2010 / Pretre, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001398609 Release Date: 02/23/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Otto Nicolai,  Johann Strauss Sr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Georges Prętre
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 40.
    Dance! - The World's Favorite Ice-Skating Music
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 58906 Release Date: 02/09/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jerry Herman,  Frédéric Chopin,  Vittorio Monti,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  John Ogdon,  Vag Papian,  Maxim Vengerov,  Tasmin Little  ... 
    Conductor:  Julian Kelly,  Yuri Temirkanov,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Matt Dunkley  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Piccadilly Theatre Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 41.
    New Year's Concert 2010 / Pretre, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001398402 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Hans Christian Lumbye,  Eduard Strauss,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Conductor:  Georges Prętre
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 42.
    Senza Parole - Opera Without Words
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 149532 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Christoph W. Gluck,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  Egon Morbitzer
    Conductor:  Horst Forster,  Gerhard Wiesenhutter,  Rudolf Kempe,  Václav Neumann  ... 
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  • 43.
    Waldbuhne Concert - A Night Of Dances & Rhapsodies
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 4509 Release Date: 11/17/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Mikhail Rudy
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 44.
    Johann Strauss: Waltzes, Polkas & Overtures
    Label: Zig Zag   Catalog: 2020601 Release Date: 06/30/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Jos van Immerseel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Anima Eterna Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 45.
    Spectacular Overtures / Ormandy, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 38062 Release Date: 05/08/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Franz von Suppé,  Jacques Offenbach,  Louis Ferdinand Herold  ... 
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 46.
    The Royal Edition - Opera Overtures / Bernstein
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 47601 Release Date: 03/27/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Otto Nicolai,  E. Nikolaus von Reznicek,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 47.
    An Der Schonen Blauen Donau - Waltzes & Polkas Of The Strauss Family
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 14442 Release Date: 12/03/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Various
    Conductor:  Otmar Suitner,  Manfred Honeck,  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 48.
    Fritz Busch - His Complete Dresden Recordings 1923-1932
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 7032 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Busch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 49.
    New Year's Concert 2000
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47604 Release Date: 10/20/2008  
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Guth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Strauss Festival Orchestra
    CD: $15.99
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  • 50.
    Strauss Family: Waltzes / Guth, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks   Catalog: 28150 Release Date: 10/14/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Peter Guth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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