Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less
Johann Strauss II at the Opera
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 578287   Number of Discs: 1
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Prima Voce - Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Krauss, Patzak, Guden, Wagner, Gedda, Et Al
Release Date: 01/13/2009   Label: Nimbus  
Catalog: 7954   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss In Vienna - Famous Waltzes, Etc / Quintett Wien
Release Date: 01/27/1998   Label: Nimbus  
Catalog: 5542   Number of Discs: 1
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J. Strauss: Open Road / John Charles Thomas
Release Date: 03/13/2012   Label: Nimbus  
Catalog: 1542   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Die Fledermaus: Overture

Browse 101-125 of 150 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Waltzes, Polkas & Marches / Harnoncourt, Royal Concertgebouw
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 7499812 Release Date: 04/28/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 102.
    Viennese Favourites / Rudolf Kempe, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1275 Release Date: 01/14/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Heuberger,  Franz Lehár  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 103.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Bruno Walter
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75133 Release Date: 06/04/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Wagner,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Kathleen Ferrier,  Lauritz Melchior,  Alfred Jerger,  Emanuel List  ... 
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  British Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 104.
    New Year's Concert 2002 / Seiji Ozawa, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 468999 Release Date: 01/07/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  J. "Pepi" Hellmesberger
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 105.
    Werke Der Familie Strauss / Ensemble 11
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 594 Release Date: 07/31/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble 11
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  • 106.
    Viennafest - The Music Of Lehar, Lanner, Etc / Kunzel, Etc
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80547 Release Date: 10/24/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Emmerich Kálmán,  Franz Lehár,  Rudolf Sieczynski,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Tracy Dahl
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops
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  • 107.
    Famous Operetta Overtures - J. Strauss Ii, Von Suppé, Et Al
    Label: Amadis   Catalog: 7076 Release Date: 10/07/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jacques Offenbach,  Franz von Suppé,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Martin Sieghart
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bratislava Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $3.99
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  • 108.
    Strauss: Kaiser Waltzer, Etc / Karajan, Et Al
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469211 Release Date: 09/26/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  René Kollo,  Evi List,  Julia Varády  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber,  Karl Böhm,  Willi Boskovsky,  Lorin Maazel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Bavarian State Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 109.
    Johann Strauss Gala / Mehta, Carreras, Et Al
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 100025 Release Date: 08/01/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  José Carreras,  Andrea Rost
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 110.
    The Only Operetta Album You'll Ever Need - Lčhar, Et Al
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 72916 Release Date: 05/16/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Stolz,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Carl Zeller,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Performer:  Julia Migenes,  Fritz Wunderlich,  Frederica Von Stade,  Margit Schramm  ... 
    Conductor:  Werner Eisbrenner,  Robert Stolz,  Alois Melichar,  Werner Schmidt-Bölke  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 111.
    Erich Kleiber Dirigiert Walzer Und Ouvertüren
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90395 Release Date: 04/25/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz von Suppé,  Josef Strauss,  Richard Heuberger
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 112.
    A Tribute To Johann Strauss - Echoes From Vienna / Sumi Jo
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 25500 Release Date: 11/09/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Sumi Jo
    Conductor:  Rudolf Bibl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
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  • 113.
    The Great Moments From Die Fledermaus /Moffo, Franchi, Et Al
    Label: Rca Red Seal Hp   Catalog: 63468A Release Date: 10/12/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Anna Moffo,  Jeanette Scovotti,  Richard Lewis,  John Hauxvell  ... 
    Conductor:  Oskar Danon
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus
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  • 114.
    Johann Strauss, Jr: 100 Of His Best Compositions
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501004 Release Date: 10/01/1999   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter,  Oliver Dohnányi,  Michael Dittrich,  Christian Pollack  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 115.
    Johann Strauss In Berlin / Nikolaus Harnoncourt, Berlin Po
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 24489 Release Date: 09/21/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 116.
    J. Strauss Jr.: 100 Most Famous Waltzes, Etc Vol 1
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554517 Release Date: 06/22/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter,  Peter Guth,  Johannes Wildner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Austrian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 117.
    Historische Neujahrskonzerte / Clemens Krauss, Vienna PO
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90336 Release Date: 04/20/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 118.
    Strauss: Favorite Waltzes / Welser-möst, London Po
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73295 Release Date: 04/20/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Franz Welser-Möst
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 119.
    A Viennese New Year - Favourite Waltzes, Polkas, Etc
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 554466/67 Release Date: 03/09/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Michael Dittrich,  Ondrej Lenárd,  Johannes Wildner,  Ernst Märzendorfer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bratislava Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bratislava Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice  ... 
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  • 120.
    Waltzes And Marches / Shipway, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Platinum Disc   Catalog: 625 Release Date: 02/23/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz von Suppé,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Conductor:  Frank Shipway
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 121.
    J. Strauss - The Best Of Vienna
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 459730 Release Date: 01/12/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Lorin Maazel,  Claudio Abbado,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 122.
    New Year's Concert Vienna 1987 / Karajan, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 45985 Release Date: 12/08/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Kathleen Battle
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 123.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Famous Overtures / Walter, Slovak State
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553936 Release Date: 08/25/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 124.
    The Best Of Operetta Vol 3
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550943 Release Date: 02/04/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Emmerich Kálmán,  Carl Zeller,  Franz Lehár  ... 
    Performer:  Zsuzsa Csonka,  Ingrid Kertesi,  János Berkes
    Conductor:  Johannes Wildner,  László Kovács
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra Bratislava,  Hungarian Operetta Orchestra
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  • 125.
    Clemens Krauss Dirigiert Vol 2 / Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90291 Release Date: 01/21/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Richard Strauss,  Manuel de Falla
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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