Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less
J. Strauss Jr.: Voices Of Spring / Guth, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Release Date: 02/14/2012   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 29250   Number of Discs: 1
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J. Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Previn, Te Kanawa, Gruberova
Release Date: 11/08/1991   Label: Philips  
Catalog: 432157   Number of Discs: 2
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Johann Strauss Ii At The Opera
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 578287   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss Jr.: The Gypsy Baron / Krauss, Patzak, Loose, Et Al
Release Date: 08/06/2002   Label: Opera D'oro  
Catalog: 1355   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Krauss, Gueden, Dermota, Lipp, Etc
Release Date: 03/23/2004   Label: Opera D'oro  
Catalog: 1404   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Gypsy Baron Overture (Der Zigeunerbaron)

Browse 51-66 of 66 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    A Viennese New Year - Favourite Waltzes, Polkas, Etc
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 554466/67 Release Date: 03/09/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Michael Dittrich,  Ondrej Lenárd,  Johannes Wildner,  Ernst Märzendorfer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bratislava Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bratislava Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice  ... 
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  • 52.
    New Year's Concert Vienna 1987 / Karajan, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 45985 Release Date: 12/08/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Kathleen Battle
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 53.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Famous Overtures / Walter, Slovak State
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553936 Release Date: 08/25/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 54.
    Herbert Von Karajan - The Artist's Album
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 457689 Release Date: 07/14/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Anton Bruckner  ... 
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Janet Perry,  Agnes Baltsa,  Josephine Veasey  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 55.
    The Best Of Operetta Vol 1
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550941 Release Date: 02/04/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár,  Emmerich Kálmán
    Performer:  János Berkes,  Zsuzsa Csonka,  Ingrid Kertesi
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter,  László Kovács
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice,  Hungarian Operetta Orchestra
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  • 56.
    J. Strauss Jr. Edition Vol 49 / Alfred Walter, Et Al
    Label: Marco Polo   Catalog: 223275 Release Date: 12/17/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 57.
    The Genius Of Robert Stolz - Strauss, Lehár, Stolz, Komzak
    Label: Tuxedo Music   Catalog: 1023 Release Date: 10/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karel Komzak II,  Robert Stolz,  Franz Lehár,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Robert Stolz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 58.
    The Young Karajan - The First Recordings Vol 5
    Label: Grammofono 2000   Catalog: 78663 Release Date: 10/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 59.
    Bruno Walter Edition - Strauss, Brahms, Smetana
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64467 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Erich Kleiber Dirigiert
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90229 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Bedrich Smetana,  Franz Liszt,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 61.
    Lso Classic Masterpieces - A Viennese New Year Concert
    Label: Imp Classics   Catalog: 1089 Release Date: 09/13/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Eduard Strauss,  Carl Michael Ziehrer,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  John Georgiadis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Strauss: Famous Waltzes, Polkas, Marches, Overtures Vol 3
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550338 Release Date: 02/05/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Martin Sieghart,  Alfred Walter,  Ondrej Lenárd,  Oliver Dohnányi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice,  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Famous Operetta Overtures - J. Strauss Jr., Suppé, Offenbach
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550468 Release Date: 06/30/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jacques Offenbach,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz von Suppé
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice
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  • 64.
    Historic Strauss Interpretations
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90090 Release Date: 06/12/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm,  Arturo Toscanini,  Hans Knappertsbusch,  Bruno Walter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 65.
    1992 New Year's Concert / Kleiber, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 48376 Release Date: 04/21/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Otto Nicolai
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 66.
    Johann Strauss: Emperor Waltz / Karajan, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 410022 Release Date: 05/30/1983   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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