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Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less
Johann Strauss II at the Opera
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 578287   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss Johann: Most Famous Waltzes
Release Date: 06/30/1992   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550152   Number of Discs: 1
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Johann Strauss Jr.: Simplicius / Welser-Most, Volle, Zysset, Widmer
Release Date: 11/18/2014   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 100365   Number of Discs: 1
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J. Strauss Jr.: 100 Most Famous Waltzes, Etc Vol 9
Release Date: 10/26/1999   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 554525   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Famous Waltzes, Polkas, Marches, Overtures Vol 4
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550339   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Tritsch-Tratsch-Polka, Op. 214

Browse 76-100 of 120 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century / Herbert Von Karajan
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 62868 Release Date: 07/13/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Emil Waldteufel,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  Helga Dernesch
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 77.
    A Strauss Celebration / Rothstein, Johann Strauss Orchestra
    Label: Chandos Collect   Catalog: 6687 Release Date: 05/25/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Jack Rothstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
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  • 78.
    J. Strauss Jr: Waltzes, Polkas, Overtures / Immerseel, Et Al
    Label: Zig Zag   Catalog: 20601 Release Date: 12/09/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Jos van Immerseel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Anima Eterna Orchestra
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  • 79.
    Original Masters - Ferenc Fricsay - A Life In Music
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000085402 Release Date: 08/12/2003   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Maureen Forrester,  Rudolf Schulz,  Margrit Weber,  Ernst Haefliger  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 80.
    An Afternoon Of Classical Favorites
    Label: Flutations   Catalog: 5637299704 Release Date: 06/24/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Edvard Grieg,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  The Flutations
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  • 81.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Waltzes, Polkas & Marches / Harnoncourt, Royal Concertgebouw
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 7499812 Release Date: 04/28/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 82.
    Strauss: Waltzes And Polkas /Ormandy, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 87281 Release Date: 04/01/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 83.
    The Best Of Classical - Beethoven, Tchaikovsky, Bach, Et Al
    Label: United Multimedia   Catalog: 6265 Release Date: 06/25/2002   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  George Gershwin,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
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  • 84.
    On The Beautiful Blue Danube, Etc / Andre Rieu, Et Al
    Label: Koch International Classics   Catalog: 7534 Release Date: 10/23/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  André Rieu
    Conductor:  André Rieu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
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  • 85.
    Werke Der Familie Strauss / Ensemble 11
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 594 Release Date: 07/31/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble 11
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  • 86.
    The Monet Collection - The Romance Collection
    Label: Lifestyles   Catalog: 315015 Release Date: 05/01/2001   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  César Franck,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  George Vachnadze,  Albina Shikshniute,  Valentinas Gelgotas
    Conductor:  Vakhtang Kakhidze,  Jansug Kakhidze,  Jean-Yves Gaudin,  Sergei Beliakov  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tbilisi Symphony Orchestra,  Jadoni Festival Orchestra,  Lithuanian Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 87.
    Eloquence - Strauss: Waltzes /Boskovsky, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 467413 Release Date: 03/27/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Dance Of The Blessed Spirits
    Label: Amadis   Catalog: 7184 Release Date: 10/07/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Jules Massenet,  Marie-Auguste Durand,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  János Bálint,  Nora Mercz
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  • 89.
    Strauss: Kaiser Waltzer, Etc / Karajan, Et Al
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469211 Release Date: 09/26/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  René Kollo,  Evi List,  Julia Varády  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber,  Karl Böhm,  Willi Boskovsky,  Lorin Maazel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Bavarian State Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 90.
    Strauss Jr. - Super Hits - Waltzes And Polkas
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 89269 Release Date: 08/08/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 91.
    Johann Strauss Gala / Mehta, Carreras, Et Al
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 100025 Release Date: 08/01/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  José Carreras,  Andrea Rost
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 92.
    Johann Strauss, Jr: 100 Of His Best Compositions
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501004 Release Date: 10/01/1999   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter,  Oliver Dohnányi,  Michael Dittrich,  Christian Pollack  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 93.
    Johann Strauss In Berlin / Nikolaus Harnoncourt, Berlin Po
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 24489 Release Date: 09/21/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 94.
    J. Strauss Jr.: 100 Most Famous Waltzes, Etc Vol 6
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 554522 Release Date: 08/31/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter,  Johannes Wildner,  Oliver Dohnányi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice,  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 95.
    Lakatos - Live From Budapest
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 459642 Release Date: 08/02/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Roby Lakatos,  Jenö Hubay,  Franz Liszt,  Laci Rácz  ... 
    Performer:  Roby Lakatos,  Ernest Bangó
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  • 96.
    New Year's Concert 1999 / Lorin Maazel, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 61687 Release Date: 02/09/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Lorin Maazel
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 97.
    J. Strauss - The Best Of Vienna
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 459730 Release Date: 01/12/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Lorin Maazel,  Claudio Abbado,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $16.99
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  • 98.
    Strauss Family: Waltzes, Etc / Guth, Royal Po
    Label: Platinum Entertainment   Catalog: 2815 Release Date: 09/22/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Peter Guth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD not available
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  • 99.
    Venezia La Festa - Caffe Concerto Sulla Piazza San Marco
    Label: Winter & Winter   Catalog: 14 Release Date: 07/07/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Stelvio Cipriani,  Jacques Reveaux  ... 
    Performer:  Gianfranco De Lazzari,  Paolo Prevedello Dellisanti,  Maurizio Di Prima,  Andrea Testa  ... 
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  • 100.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Piano Transcriptions / Scherbakov
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 69704 Release Date: 02/17/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Moritz Rosenthal,  Alfred Grünfeld,  Carl Tausig
    Performer:  Konstantin Scherbakov
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