Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less
Prima Voce - Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Krauss, Patzak, Guden, Wagner, Gedda, Et Al
Release Date: 01/13/2009   Label: Nimbus  
Catalog: 7954   Number of Discs: 2
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J. Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Previn, Te Kanawa, Gruberova
Release Date: 11/08/1991   Label: Philips  
Catalog: 432157   Number of Discs: 2
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Johann Strauss - Dance And Dream
Release Date: 10/18/2005   Label: Euroarts  
Catalog: 2054248   Number of Discs: 1
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J. Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Janowitz, Wächter, Böhm
Release Date: 01/08/2008   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 001038309   Number of Discs: 1
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J. Strauss, Jr.: Die Fledermaus / Wildner, Fontana, Et Al
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8660017-18   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Tritsch-Tratsch-Polka, Op. 214

Browse 51-75 of 117 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Waltzes And Polkas - Grunfeld, Liszt, Et Al / Soucek
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 204 Release Date: 05/08/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alfred Grünfeld,  Franz Schubert,  Franz Liszt,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Matthias Soucek,  György Cziffra
    On sale! $33.98
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  • 52.
    The Best of Johann Strauss II
    Label: Resonance   Catalog: 3089 Release Date: 04/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Rouslan Raychev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bulgarian Broadcasting Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $13.99
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  • 53.
    Champagne And Laughter - Music Of Johann Strauss Jr.
    Label: Emi Classics For Pleasure   Catalog: 82236 Release Date: 03/20/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Fritz Wunderlich,  Nicolai Gedda,  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Renate Holm  ... 
    Conductor:  Fried Walter,  Willi Boskovsky,  Theodor Guschlbauer,  Sir John Barbirolli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Symphony Orchestra,  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 54.
    Johann Strauss Vater Und Sohn / Zemlinsky Quintett Wien
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 184 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Andrea Krauk,  Kurt Franz Schmid,  Michel Gasciarrino,  Gottfried Pokorny  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zemlinsky Wind Quintet
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  • 55.
    Strauss & Co / Art Of Brass Vienna
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 186 Release Date: 01/02/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Lanner,  Josef Strauss,  Fritz Kreisler  ... 
    Performer:  Heinrich Bruckner,  Hans Gansch,  Thomas Bieber,  Jonathon Sass  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Art of Brass
    On sale! $33.98
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  • 56.
    Scoop
    Label: Universal Mod Afw   Catalog: 000734102 Release Date: 07/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Djalma Ferreira,  Julio Sanders,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Conductor:  Lester Lanin,  Peter Wohlert,  Herbert von Karajan,  Stanley Black  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $16.99
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  • 57.
    Thomas Jensen Conducts The Aarhus Civic Orchestra
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 497 Release Date: 02/01/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  C. C. Moller,  Svend Erik Tarp,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Thomas Jensen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Aarhus Civic Orchestra
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  • 58.
    Strauss Highlights Vol 3 / Alt-wiener Strauss Ensemble
    Label: Edition Hera   Catalog: 2003 Release Date: 01/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Old Vienna Strauss Ensemble
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  • 59.
    Strauss Highlights Vol 4 / Alt Wiener Strauss Ensemble
    Label: Edition Hera   Catalog: 2004 Release Date: 11/29/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Josef Lanner,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Arthur Kulling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Old Vienna Strauss Ensemble
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  • 60.
    A Concert Tour / Alexander Gibson
    Label: Chesky Records   Catalog: 62 Release Date: 11/23/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Jean Sibelius,  Frédéric Chopin,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Alexander Gibson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Festival Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 61.
    The Karajan Collection - Strauss, Et Al: Waltzes & Polkas
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 76879 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Johann Strauss - Dance And Dream
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2054248 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Lanner,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Lesley Garrett
    Conductor:  Alfred Eschwé
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Dance Ensemble
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  • 63.
    The Very Best Of Johann Strauss Jr.
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8552115-16 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
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  • 64.
    Carlos Kleiber - The Legend
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000529409 Release Date: 10/11/2005   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian State Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
    DVD: $167.49
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  • 65.
    All Time Favorite Strauss Waltzes
    Label: Kado   Catalog: 20050 Release Date: 10/04/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Theater Symphony Orchestra
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  • 66.
    Invitation to the Dance / Alt-Wiener Strauss Ensemble
    Label: Edition Hera   Catalog: 2008 Release Date: 08/30/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Theresa Ullrich
    Conductor:  Ralph Kulling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Old Vienna Strauss Ensemble
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  • 67.
    Karajan Collection - Philharmonia Promenade Concert
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 76900 Release Date: 08/16/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Borodin,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Hector Berlioz,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 68.
    50 Ultimate Classical Favorites
    Label: Vox Cameo Classics   Catalog: 5651 Release Date: 08/02/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Dubravka Tomsic,  Ernst Mühlbacher,  Susan Jolles,  Humbert Lucarelli  ... 
    Conductor:  Carl Michalski,  Anton Nanut,  Franz Bauer-Theussl,  Karel Brazda  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra,  Ljubljana Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Slavonica  ... 
    CD: $6.99
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  • 69.
    Peter Maag Conducts Johann Strauss, Jr.
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 43036 Release Date: 05/31/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Antal Tichy
    Conductor:  Peter Maag
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Rome,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin
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  • 70.
    Sparkling Classics - Music For An Evening With Friends / Kunzel, Titov, Pesek, Sondeckis, Et Al
    Label: Gift Of Music   Catalog: 1140 Release Date: 02/01/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mikhail Glinka,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Georges Bizet,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Conductor:  Klaus-Peter Hahn,  Vakhtang Kakhidze,  Alexander Titov,  Erich Kunzel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Radio & TV Symphony Orchestra,  Tbilisi Symphony Orchestra,  St. Petersburg Chamber Orchestra "Canon"  ... 
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  • 71.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Sergiu Celibidache
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 62872 Release Date: 07/13/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Nielsen,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Sergiu Celibidache
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Danish National Radio Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 72.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century / Herbert Von Karajan
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 62868 Release Date: 07/13/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Emil Waldteufel,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  Helga Dernesch
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 73.
    A Strauss Celebration / Rothstein, Johann Strauss Orchestra
    Label: Chandos Collect   Catalog: 6687 Release Date: 05/25/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Jack Rothstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
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  • 74.
    J. Strauss Jr: Waltzes, Polkas, Overtures / Immerseel, Et Al
    Label: Zig Zag   Catalog: 20601 Release Date: 12/09/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Jos van Immerseel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Anima Eterna Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Original Masters - Ferenc Fricsay - A Life In Music
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000085402 Release Date: 08/12/2003   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Maureen Forrester,  Rudolf Schulz,  Margrit Weber,  Ernst Haefliger  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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