Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less

Work: Pizzicato Polka

Browse 51-75 of 75 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Karajan Edition - J. Strauss II, et al: Waltzes & Polkas
    Label: Emi Classics Special Import   Catalog: 66396 Release Date: 03/06/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  E. Nikolaus von Reznicek
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 52.
    Famous Musical Miniatures Vol 2 / Levy, Simhah Collegium
    Label: Gega New   Catalog: 173 Release Date: 03/15/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Jules Levy,  Gerogi Zlatev-Cherkin,  Ernesto Lecuona  ... 
    Performer:  Yossif Radionov,  Simeon Shterev,  Mayer Frank,  Georgi Jelyazov
    Conductor:  Jules Levy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Simhah Chamber Collegium
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  • 53.
    J. Strauss Ii: Transcriptions & Paraphrases For Solo Piano
    Label: Apr (Appian)   Catalog: 5540 Release Date: 11/23/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Otto Schulhof,  Adolf Schulz-Evler,  Leopold Godowsky  ... 
    Performer:  Ernö von Dohnányi,  Stanislas Niedzielski,  Otto Schulhof,  Louis Kentner  ... 
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  • 54.
    A Tribute To Johann Strauss - Echoes From Vienna / Sumi Jo
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 25500 Release Date: 11/09/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Sumi Jo
    Conductor:  Rudolf Bibl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
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  • 55.
    J. Strauss Jr.: 100 Most Famous Waltzes, Etc Vol 7
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 554523 Release Date: 09/28/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter,  Johannes Wildner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 56.
    Historische Neujahrskonzerte / Clemens Krauss, Vienna PO
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90336 Release Date: 04/20/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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    CD: $39.99
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  • 57.
    J. Strauss - The Best Of Vienna
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 459730 Release Date: 01/12/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Lorin Maazel,  Claudio Abbado,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 58.
    New Year's Concert Vienna 1987 / Karajan, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 45985 Release Date: 12/08/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Kathleen Battle
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 59.
    Concert A La Carte / Vienna Wind Quintet
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 42175 Release Date: 02/27/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Schubert,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Performer:  Karl Leister,  HansJörg Schellenberger,  Wolfgang Schulz,  Günter Högner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Wien-Berlin
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  • 60.
    J. Strauss: Waltzes, Polkas, Marches / Karajan, Berlin Po
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 449768 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 61.
    The Strauss Family: Waltzes, Polkas & Marches / Boskovsky
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455254 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Schubert, Strauss, Lanner, Komzak / Knappertsbusch
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 426981 Release Date: 07/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karel Komzak II,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Lanner,  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Hans Knappertsbusch Conducts Johann Strauss, Ziehrer, Komzak
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90236 Release Date: 02/28/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Karel Komzak II,  Carl Michael Ziehrer
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 64.
    150 Jahre Weiner Philharmoniker - Erich Kleiber
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90115 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Conductor:  George Szell,  Erich Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 65.
    150 Jahre Wiener Philharmoniker / Hans Knappertsbusch
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90116 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Carl Michael Ziehrer,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Max Lorenz
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 66.
    Die Wiener Philharmoniker Auf Dem Weg Zum Neujahrskonzert
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90139 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Carl Michael Ziehrer
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch,  Clemens Krauss,  Bruno Walter,  George Szell  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 67.
    Strauss - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64063 Release Date: 08/09/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Lazar Gosman,  Eugene Ormandy,  Stanley Black,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tchaikovsky Chamber Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $8.99
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  • 68.
    Strauss - The Greatest Hits
    Label: Reference Gold   Catalog: 3607 Release Date: 04/13/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra,  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 69.
    Discover The Classics Volume 1
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550035-36 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  Johann Pachelbel,  Carl Orff,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  Gilbert Rowland,  Norbert Kraft,  Klára Körmendi,  Graciela Alperyn  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Edlinger,  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Andrew Mogrelia,  Nicholas Ward  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana,  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Chorus,  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 70.
    Romantic Piano Favourites Vol 5 / Balázs Szokolay
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550168 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Gustav Lange,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Leon Jessel  ... 
    Performer:  Balázs Szokolay
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  • 71.
    The Best Of Johann Strauss Ii
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556664 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd,  Johannes Wildner,  Martin Sieghart
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 72.
    Joh. & Jos. Strauss: Waltzes & Polkas / Karajan, Berlin Po
    Label: Dg Galleria   Catalog: 437255 Release Date: 05/11/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 73.
    Strauss: Famous Waltzes, Polkas, Marches, Overtures Vol 2
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550337 Release Date: 02/05/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd,  Alfred Walter,  Johannes Wildner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Carlos Kleiber Conducts Johann Strauss
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 45938 Release Date: 01/14/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Ein Straussfest / Kunzel, Cincinnati Pops Orchestra
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80098 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops
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