Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less

Work: Pizzicato Polka

Browse 26-50 of 87 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Strauss Family: Waltzes / Guth, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks   Catalog: 28150 Release Date: 10/14/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Peter Guth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 27.
    Ultimate Strauss Family - Waltzes, Marches And Polkas / Boskovsky, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001158602 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 28.
    Wien Bleibt Wien / Thomas Christian Ensemble
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 6031466 Release Date: 11/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Lanner,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Eduard Strauss  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Thomas Christian Ensemble
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  • 29.
    New Year's Concert In Vienna 1979 / Boskovsky, Vienna PO
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 448572 Release Date: 10/31/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 30.
    New Years's Concert From Vienna 1993 / Ricardo Muti
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438493 Release Date: 10/24/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Lanner,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 31.
    Waltzes And Polkas - Grunfeld, Liszt, Et Al / Soucek
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 204 Release Date: 05/08/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alfred Grünfeld,  Franz Schubert,  Franz Liszt,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Matthias Soucek,  György Cziffra
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  • 32.
    New Year's Concert In Vienna 1987 / Karajan, Battle, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000816702 Release Date: 02/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Kathleen Battle
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 33.
    Strauss & Co / Art Of Brass Vienna
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 186 Release Date: 01/02/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Lanner,  Josef Strauss,  Fritz Kreisler  ... 
    Performer:  Heinrich Bruckner,  Hans Gansch,  Thomas Bieber,  Jonathon Sass  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Art of Brass
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  • 34.
    Festival Orchestra Live - Sarasate, Et Al / Les Orpheistes
    Label: Gega New   Catalog: 7202 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Astor Piazzolla,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Walter Baer  ... 
    Performer:  Mario Hossen
    Conductor:  Joel Mathias Jenny
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Orpheistes
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  • 35.
    Weekend Classics - A Classical Weekend
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000577202 Release Date: 01/10/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Pachelbel,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Antonín Dvorák,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Performer:  Isaac Stern,  Tamás Vásáry
    Conductor:  Trevor Pinnock,  Zubin Mehta,  Lorin Maazel,  Neeme Järvi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Concert,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 36.
    The Karajan Collection - Strauss, Et Al: Waltzes & Polkas
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 76879 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 37.
    The Very Best Of Johann Strauss Jr.
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8552115-16 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
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  • 38.
    Peter Maag Conducts Johann Strauss, Jr.
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 43036 Release Date: 05/31/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Antal Tichy
    Conductor:  Peter Maag
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Rome,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin
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  • 39.
    Strauss Highlights Vol 1 / Alt Wiener Strauss Ensemble
    Label: Edition Hera   Catalog: 2001 Release Date: 05/31/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Arthur Kulling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Old Vienna Strauss Ensemble
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  • 40.
    Strauss Family: Waltzes & Polkas, Vol 1/ Clemens Kraus,Et Al
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 7008 Release Date: 04/26/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 41.
    2005 New Year's Concert / Maazel, Vienna PO
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4775366 Release Date: 01/25/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  J. "Pepi" Hellmesberger,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Franz von Suppé  ... 
    Performer:  Lorin Maazel
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $24.98
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  • 42.
    Strauss J: World Of Johann Strauss
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 430501 Release Date: 09/16/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 43.
    Original Masters - Ferenc Fricsay - A Life In Music
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000085402 Release Date: 08/12/2003   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Maureen Forrester,  Rudolf Schulz,  Margrit Weber,  Ernst Haefliger  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 44.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Waltzes, Polkas & Marches / Harnoncourt, Royal Concertgebouw
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 7499812 Release Date: 04/28/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 45.
    Johann Strauss II - Transcriptions / Vienna String Quartet
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 583 Release Date: 01/28/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna String Quartet
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  • 46.
    The Instruments Of The Orchestra / Jeremy Siepmann
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8558040-46 Release Date: 12/03/2002   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johannes Brahms,  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  Takako Nishizaki,  Idil Biret,  Tedi Papavrami,  Maria Kliegel  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Antoni Wit,  Richard Edlinger,  Takuo Yuasa  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana,  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Ulster Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $48.99
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  • 47.
    Listen, Learn & Grow - Playtime - Imagination
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8555811 Release Date: 08/20/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Gioachino Rossini,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Performer:  Zdenek Tylsar,  Bedrich Tylsar,  Dario Müller,  Idil Biret
    Conductor:  Richard Edlinger,  Michael Halász,  Michael Dittrich,  Barry Wordsworth  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana,  Zagreb Festival Orchestra,  Bratislava Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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  • 48.
    Baby Play - Classical Favorites For Toddler's Playtime
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 46031 Release Date: 06/25/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Maria-Joao Pires,  David Pyatt,  Jean-Pierre Rampal,  Turibio Santos  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim,  Yutaka Sado,  Theodor Guschlbauer,  Hugh Wolff  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Lamoureux Concerts Association Orchestra,  Gulbenkian Foundation Symphony Orchestra Lisbon  ... 
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  • 49.
    Captured! / The Bassoon Brothers
    Label: Crystal   Catalog: 875 Release Date: 05/14/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Traditional,  Nino Rota,  Arthur Sullivan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bassoon Brothers
    On sale! $16.98
    CD: $14.99
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  • 50.
    The #1 Classical Album
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 470933 Release Date: 05/14/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Luciano Pavarotti,  Nigel Kennedy,  Carlos Bonell  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly,  Willi Boskovsky,  Julius Rudel,  Zubin Mehta  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Utah Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $16.99
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Johann Strauss Jr.