Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.

Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna on Read more October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.

His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.

Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.

In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.

Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less

The Strauss Family In London / Georgiadis, London So
Release Date: 06/29/2004   Label: Chandos Collect  
Catalog: 6691   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Haider, Mikolaj, Reiss, Edelmann, Holecek
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Capriccio Records  
Catalog: 5167   Number of Discs: 2
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Vienna Premiere Vol 1 / Rothstein, Johann Strauss Orchestra
Release Date: 07/06/2009   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 8381   Number of Discs: 1
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Vienna Premieres Vols. 1, 2 & 3 / Rothstein, Johann Strauss Orchestra
Release Date: 07/26/2011   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10684   Number of Discs: 3
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Karajan: Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Brahms, R. Strauss, Opera Arias - 1946-1949
Release Date: 04/08/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 633618   Number of Discs: 10
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Work: Thunder and Lightning (Unter Donner und Blitz)

Browse 76-100 of 121 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Strauss: Waltzes And Polkas /Ormandy, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 87281 Release Date: 04/01/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
    CD: $6.99
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  • 77.
    Gala Night / Kasarova, Falk, Southwest German Radio Orchestra
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93020 Release Date: 08/28/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Andrew Lloyd Webber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Harold Arlen  ... 
    Performer:  David Johnson,  Patricia Nessi,  Lars Lettner,  Ewa Podles  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Falk
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Orchestra Kaiserslautern
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  • 78.
    Eloquence - Strauss: Waltzes /Boskovsky, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 467413 Release Date: 03/27/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 79.
    Karajan Edition - J. Strauss II, et al: Overtures, etc
    Label: Emi Classics Special Import   Catalog: 66395 Release Date: 03/06/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 80.
    Classics In Motion - Wagner, Tchaikovsky, Bizet, Et Al
    Label: Legacy   Catalog: CJH024 Release Date: 01/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Richard Wagner,  Alexander Borodin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
    CD: $3.99
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  • 81.
    Strauss: Kaiser Waltzer, Etc / Karajan, Et Al
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469211 Release Date: 09/26/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  René Kollo,  Evi List,  Julia Varády  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber,  Karl Böhm,  Willi Boskovsky,  Lorin Maazel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Bavarian State Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Strauss Jr. - Super Hits - Waltzes And Polkas
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 89269 Release Date: 08/08/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
    CD not available
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  • 83.
    World Encores / Jansons, Oslo Philharmonic
    Label: Emi Classics Special Import   Catalog: 56576 Release Date: 07/04/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ruperto Chapi,  Zoltán Kodály,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Kim Lyun Joon  ... 
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 84.
    Unter Donner & Blitz / Alt Wiener Strauss Ensemble
    Label: Tacet   Catalog: 8 Release Date: 05/23/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Old Vienna Strauss Ensemble
    CD: $21.49
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  • 85.
    New Year's Concert 2000 / Guth, Strauss Festival Orchestra
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47604 Release Date: 03/15/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Carl Michael Ziehrer,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Robert Stolz  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Guth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Strauss Festival Orchestra Vienna
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  • 86.
    Classical Lightning
    Label: Platinum Disc   Catalog: 1037 Release Date: 01/01/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Wagner,  Ferde Grofé,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 87.
    Johann Strauss, Jr: 100 Of His Best Compositions
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501004 Release Date: 10/01/1999   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter,  Oliver Dohnányi,  Michael Dittrich,  Christian Pollack  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 88.
    J. Strauss Jr.: 100 Most Famous Waltzes, Etc Vol 2
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554518 Release Date: 06/22/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Johannes Wildner,  Alfred Walter,  Peter Guth,  Michael Dittrich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Austrian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 89.
    Label: Vox   Catalog: 3902 Release Date: 06/15/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Antonín Dvorák,  Gabriel Fauré,  Alexander Borodin  ... 
    Performer:  Kalichstein-Laredo-Robinson Trio,  Paul Angerer,  Southwest German Chamber Orchestra,  Beatriz Klien  ... 
    Conductor:  Frank Shipway,  Jörg Faerber,  Hans Hagen,  Louis de Froment  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kalichstein-Laredo-Robinson Trio,  Southwest German Chamber Orchestra (Pforzheim),  Rochester Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 90.
    A Viennese New Year - Favourite Waltzes, Polkas, Etc
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 554466/67 Release Date: 03/09/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Michael Dittrich,  Ondrej Lenárd,  Johannes Wildner,  Ernst Märzendorfer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bratislava Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bratislava Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice  ... 
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  • 91.
    Waltzes And Marches / Shipway, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Platinum Disc   Catalog: 625 Release Date: 02/23/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz von Suppé,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Conductor:  Frank Shipway
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 92.
    New Year's Concert 1999 / Lorin Maazel, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 61687 Release Date: 02/09/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Lorin Maazel
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 93.
    J. Strauss - The Best Of Vienna
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 459730 Release Date: 01/12/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Lorin Maazel,  Claudio Abbado,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 94.
    New Year's Concert Vienna 1987 / Karajan, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 45985 Release Date: 12/08/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Kathleen Battle
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 95.
    Strauss Family: Waltzes, Etc / Guth, Royal Po
    Label: Platinum Entertainment   Catalog: 2815 Release Date: 09/22/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Peter Guth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD not available
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  • 96.
    J. Strauss: Waltzes, Polkas, Marches / Karajan, Berlin Po
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 449768 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 97.
    The Strauss Family: Waltzes, Polkas & Marches / Boskovsky
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455254 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 98.
    Radetzky-marsch - Favorite Showpieces For Brass / Jeitler
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 140 Release Date: 02/18/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karl Mühlberger,  Julius Fucik,  Carl Michael Ziehrer,  Eduard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Jeitler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Young Brass Philharmonic
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  • 99.
    Thunderous Classics - The Ultimate In Bombastic Music
    Label: Vox Cameo Classics   Catalog: 8828 Release Date: 10/22/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Gustav Holst,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Conductor:  Carl Michalski,  Marko Munih,  Walter Susskind,  Othmar M. F. Mága  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra,  Ljubljana Radio Symphony Orchestra,  St. Louis Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 100.
    From Holland With Love / André Rieu
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 522933 Release Date: 03/05/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Ludwig Gruber,  Ferry Wunsch,  Rudolf Sieczynski  ... 
    Performer:  André Rieu,  Frédéric Jenniges
    Conductor:  Jurre Haanstra
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Netherlands
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