Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.

Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna on Read more October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.

His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.

Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.

In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.

Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less

Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Haider, Mikolaj, Reiss, Edelmann, Holecek
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Capriccio Records  
Catalog: 5167   Number of Discs: 2
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Karajan: Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Brahms, R. Strauss, Opera Arias - 1946-1949
Release Date: 04/08/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 633618   Number of Discs: 10
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Karajan 1951-1960: Mozart, Schubert, Brahms, Strauss, Wagner
Release Date: 05/13/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 633623   Number of Discs: 12
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Work: Emperor Waltz (Kaiser-Walzer)

Browse 76-100 of 180 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Music By Johann Strauss (Piano Transcroptions)
    Label: Membran / Scandinavian Classics   Catalog: 220514 Release Date: 04/26/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Lars Boje Jensen
    CD: $12.99
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  • 77.
    Gemini - J. Strauss Ii: 19 Waltzes / Willi Boskovsky
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 81524 Release Date: 04/24/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
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  • 78.
    The Best of Johann Strauss II
    Label: Resonance   Catalog: 3089 Release Date: 04/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Rouslan Raychev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bulgarian Broadcasting Symphony Orchestra
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  • 79.
    Champagne And Laughter - Music Of Johann Strauss Jr.
    Label: Emi Classics For Pleasure   Catalog: 82236 Release Date: 03/20/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Fritz Wunderlich,  Nicolai Gedda,  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Renate Holm  ... 
    Conductor:  Fried Walter,  Willi Boskovsky,  Theodor Guschlbauer,  Sir John Barbirolli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Symphony Orchestra,  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 80.
    The Never Ending Waltz / Kunzel, Cincinnati Pops Orchestra
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80668 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Léo Delibes,  Léon Fyodorovich Minkus  ... 
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops
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  • 81.
    Mozart, Vivaldi, Marcello, Strauss, Wolf / Schneider, Chamber Orchestra Of Europe
    Label: Coe Records   Catalog: 810 Release Date: 09/19/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Alessandro Marcello,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Matthew Wilkie,  Jonathan Williams,  Douglas Boyd,  Diemut Poppen
    Conductor:  Alexander Schneider
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe
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  • 82.
    Original Masters - Karajan - The First Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 689602 Release Date: 08/08/2006   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin,  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra  ... 
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  • 83.
    Weekend Classics - A Johann Strauss Weekend
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 0006650002 Release Date: 06/13/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 84.
    Johann Strauss Ii Piano Transcriptions / Doris Adam
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 28064 Release Date: 06/06/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Doris Adam
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  • 85.
    Tanz Signale - Johann Strauss, Sr. / Alt-wiener Ensemble
    Label: Edition Hera   Catalog: 2007 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ralph Kulling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Old Vienna Strauss Ensemble
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  • 86.
    The Strauss You Love
    Label: Vox Classics   Catalog: 97016 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
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  • 87.
    J. Strauss: Waltzes / Kreizberg, Vienna Symphony
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186052 Release Date: 02/21/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Yakov Kreizberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Vienna / Reiner, Chicago So
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 71615 Release Date: 02/07/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Strauss,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Andre Rieu -  New Year's In Vienna
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17572 Release Date: 10/25/2005  
    Composer:  Franz Lehár,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  John Philip Sousa
    Conductor:  André Rieu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra
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  • 90.
    André Rieu - New Years In Vienna
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17573 Release Date: 10/25/2005  
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár,  John Philip Sousa
    Conductor:  André Rieu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra
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  • 91.
    The Karajan Collection - Strauss, Et Al: Waltzes & Polkas
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 76879 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 92.
    Musiques À Orsay - Debussy, Etc
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 4919 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jacques Offenbach,  Georges Bizet,  Maurice Ravel,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Martine Olmeda,  Maryse Castets,  Béatrice Uria-Monzon,  Hüseyin Sermet  ... 
    Conductor:  Manuel Rosenthal,  Alain Lombard,  Laurence Equilbey,  Bernard Haitink  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Monte Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bordeaux Aquitaine Orchestra,  Accentus  ... 
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  • 93.
    The Very Best Of Johann Strauss Jr.
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8552115-16 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
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  • 94.
    Strauss Arrangements - Berg, Et Al / Berlin String Quartet
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 1258 Release Date: 06/28/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Matthias Pfaender,  Gabriele Kupfernagel,  Karl-Heinz Dommus,  Klaus Peters  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin String Quartet
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  • 95.
    Peter Maag Conducts Johann Strauss, Jr.
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 43036 Release Date: 05/31/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Antal Tichy
    Conductor:  Peter Maag
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Rome,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin
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  • 96.
    Von Suppé, Verdi, Strauss / Marthé, European Po
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90637 Release Date: 05/31/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz von Suppé,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Jan Marthé
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  European Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 97.
    Vienna / Fritz Reiner, Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Jvc Xrcd   Catalog: 24025 Release Date: 04/19/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $34.98
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  • 98.
    Label: Platinum Entertainment   Catalog: 2213 Release Date: 04/05/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Edvard Grieg,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Georges Bizet  ... 
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  • 99.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Lea Piltti
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89603 Release Date: 01/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss,  Erkki Melartin  ... 
    Performer:  Lea Piltti,  Richard Strauss,  Friedbert Sammler,  Helge Rosvaenge  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Zaun,  Bruno Seidler-Winkler,  Hans Adolf Winter,  Arthur Rother  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Städtisches Orchestra Berlin,  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $18.99
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  • 100.
    The Best Of The New Year's Concert Vol II / Boskovsky, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4775115 Release Date: 11/09/2004   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Josef Lanner,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Carl Michael Ziehrer  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Lorin Maazel,  Claudio Abbado,  Willi Boskovsky  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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