Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.

Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna on Read more October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.

His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.

Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.

In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.

Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less

The Strauss Family In London / Georgiadis, London So
Release Date: 06/29/2004   Label: Chandos Collect  
Catalog: 6691   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Haider, Mikolaj, Reiss, Edelmann, Holecek
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Capriccio Records  
Catalog: 5167   Number of Discs: 2
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Vienna Premiere Vol 1 / Rothstein, Johann Strauss Orchestra
Release Date: 07/06/2009   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 8381   Number of Discs: 1
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Vienna Premieres Vols. 1, 2 & 3 / Rothstein, Johann Strauss Orchestra
Release Date: 07/26/2011   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10684   Number of Discs: 3
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Karajan: Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Brahms, R. Strauss, Opera Arias - 1946-1949
Release Date: 04/08/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 633618   Number of Discs: 10
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Work: Emperor Waltz (Kaiser-Walzer)

Browse 51-75 of 180 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Schonberg, Webern, Berg: The Waltz Arrangements / Becker, Linos Ensemble
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 5004 Release Date: 05/26/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Klaus Becker
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Linos Ensemble
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  • 52.
    Strauss Jr.: Waltzes; Josef Strauss / Reiner, Chicago Symphony
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 5405 Release Date: 05/08/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 53.
    Perfect Romance
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 7480122 Release Date: 04/17/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  George Frideric Handel,  Antonín Dvorák,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
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  • 54.
    Strauss Family: Waltzes / Guth, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks   Catalog: 28150 Release Date: 10/14/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Peter Guth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 55.
    A Nos Amours / Henschel, Diabolicus
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 137 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Luigi Denza,  Franz Schubert,  Ferruccio Busoni  ... 
    Conductor:  Dietrich Henschel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Diabolicus
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  • 56.
    Strauss Family: Polkas & Waltzes
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453052 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 57.
    Ultimate Strauss Family - Waltzes, Marches And Polkas / Boskovsky, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001158602 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 58.
    J Strauss, Jr: Waltz Songs / Eva Lind, Vienna Volksoper
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 420246 Release Date: 08/18/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Luigi Arditi,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Eva Lind
    Conductor:  Franz Bauer-Theussl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
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  • 59.
    The Ultimate Most Relaxing Strauss Waltzes In The Universe
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17717 Release Date: 07/15/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Alfred Scholz,  Rudolf Kempe,  Peter Falk,  Carl Michalski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Lehár: Die Lustige Witwe; Johann Strauss Jr: Waltzes / Welser-möst
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 20974 Release Date: 06/10/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Lehár,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Robert Poulton,  Rudolf Schasching,  Elzbieta Szmytka  ... 
    Conductor:  Franz Welser-Möst
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Glyndebourne Festival Chorus
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  • 61.
    New Year's Concert In Vienna 1991 / Abbado, Vienna Phil
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 431628 Release Date: 06/04/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Josef Strauss,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Bernstein Favorites - J. Strauss Jr.: Waltzes
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46710 Release Date: 04/07/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 63.
    Rosen Aus Dem Suden / Willi Boskovsky, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: London/Decca Opera Gala Series   Catalog: 425429 Release Date: 04/07/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 64.
    Karajan - Complete Emi Recordings 1946-84 Vol 1 - Orchestral Works
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 12038 Release Date: 04/01/2008   Number of Discs: 88
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  E. Nikolaus von Reznicek,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Karl Leister,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Ernst Haefliger,  Anne-Sophie Mutter  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
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  • 65.
    New Year's Concert 2008 / Georges Prêtre, Vienna Po
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001061102 Release Date: 02/12/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Josef Lanner  ... 
    Performer:  Georges Prêtre
    Conductor:  Georges Prêtre
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 66.
    Music For An Empress
    Label: Document (Usa)   Catalog: 1203617 Release Date: 01/08/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Antonín Dvorák,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
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  • 67.
    J Strauss Jr: Famous Waltzes / Bauer-theussl
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 411119 Release Date: 12/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Franz Bauer-Theussl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
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  • 68.
    Waltz! / Felix Slatkin, Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Emi Studio   Catalog: 63659 Release Date: 12/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Emil Waldteufel
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 69.
    Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra Plays Strauss 1929 - 1990
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 435335 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber,  Clemens Krauss,  George Szell,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 70.
    Encore / Fruhbeck De Burgos, Dresden Philharmonic
    Label: Genuin Musikproduction   Catalog: 87081 Release Date: 11/12/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Antonín Dvorák,  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 7 In A Major / Furtwängler, Et Al
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2068 Release Date: 11/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Wagner,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 72.
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2068 Release Date: 11/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
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  • 73.
    André Rieu - Masterpieces
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000913402 Release Date: 09/11/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Jules Massenet,  Traditional,  Emil Waldteufel  ... 
    Performer:  André Rieu
    Conductor:  André Rieu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Songs And Waltzes From Vienna - Lotte Lehman, Bruno Walter
    Label: Cbs Masterworks Portrait   Catalog: 47682 Release Date: 06/25/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Nico Dostal,  Hermann Leopoldi,  Ralph Benatzky  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Ulanowsky,  Lotte Lehmann
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Erna Sack - Recordings 1933-1940
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 10205 Release Date: 06/12/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Adolphe Adam,  Carl Zeller,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Erna Sack
    Conductor:  Schröder,,  Szernik,,  Arthur Rother,  Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Deutsche Oper Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin State Opera Orchestra
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