Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.

Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna on Read more October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.

His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.

Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.

In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.

Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less

J. Strauss Jr.: Voices Of Spring / Guth, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Release Date: 02/14/2012   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 29250   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss Family: Waltzes / Guth, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Release Date: 10/14/2008   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28150   Number of Discs: 1
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J. Strauss Jr.: Die Fledermaus / Karajan, Schwarzkopf, Gedda
Release Date: 09/21/1999   Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century  
Catalog: 67153   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Bonynge, Gard, Sutherland, Begg
Release Date: 06/30/2009   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 4382   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss Jr, Johann: Simplicius / Volle, Zysset, Et Al
Release Date: 06/10/2003   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 2901   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Emperor Waltz (Kaiser-Walzer)

Browse 151-175 of 176 Available Recordings
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  • 151.
    Schönberg: Pierrot Lunaire, Etc / Ensemble Avantgarde
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 6130579 Release Date: 08/22/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Arnold Schoenberg
    Performer:  Salome Kammer
    Conductor:  Hans Zender
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Avantgarde
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  • 152.
    Bruno Walter Edition - Strauss, Brahms, Smetana
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64467 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 153.
    Strauss: Waltzes / Boskovsky, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 443473 Release Date: 02/14/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Anton Karas
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 154.
    Die Wiener Philharmoniker Auf Dem Weg Zum Neujahrskonzert
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90139 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Carl Michael Ziehrer
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch,  Clemens Krauss,  Bruno Walter,  George Szell  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 155.
    Viennese Night At The Proms / Sir John Pritchard, Bbc
    Label: Imp Bbc Radio Classics   Catalog: IMP3BBCRD9109 Release Date: 02/01/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Franz Lehár,  Richard Heuberger
    Performer:  Catherine Wilson,  Stuart Burrows
    Conductor:  John Pritchard
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 156.
    Strauss - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64063 Release Date: 08/09/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Lazar Gosman,  Eugene Ormandy,  Stanley Black,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tchaikovsky Chamber Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 157.
    Classical Music For People Who Hate Classical Music
    Label: Classical Heritage   Catalog: 1212 Release Date: 06/09/1994   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.  ... 
    Performer:  Hans-Christoph Becker-Foss,  Anna Lelkes,  Philippe Entremont,  Joseph Brezina  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Salzburg Camerata Academica,  London Festival Orchestra,  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra  ... 
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  • 158.
    Strauss - The Greatest Hits
    Label: Reference Gold   Catalog: 3607 Release Date: 04/13/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra,  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 159.
    Strauss: Famous Waltzes, Polkas, Marches, Overtures Vol 4
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550339 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter,  Alfred Walter,  Ondrej Lenárd,  Christoph von Dohnányi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice State Philharmonic,  Slovak State Symphony Orchestra,  Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 160.
    The Best Of Johann Strauss Ii
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556664 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd,  Johannes Wildner,  Martin Sieghart
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 161.
    Wedding Music / Bertalan Hock
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550790 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Tomaso Albinoni  ... 
    Performer:  Bertalan Hock,  György Geiger
    Conductor:  István Bogár
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Budapest Strauss Ensemble
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  • 162.
    The Best Of Johann Strauss
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8551114 Release Date: 06/11/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd,  Martin Sieghart,  Johannes Wildner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bratislava Slovak State Symphony Orchestra,  Katowice Polish Radio/TV Symphony Orchestra
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  • 163.
    Basic 100 Vol 6 - Strauss: Waltzes / Ormandy, Philadelphia
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 61555 Release Date: 06/08/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 164.
    Joh. & Jos. Strauss: Waltzes & Polkas / Karajan, Berlin Po
    Label: Dg Galleria   Catalog: 437255 Release Date: 05/11/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 165.
    Ein Straussfest II / Kunzel, Cincinnati Pops Orchestra
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80314 Release Date: 03/23/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops,  Cincinnati Chorale
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  • 166.
    J. Strauss Jr. Edition Vol 9 / Johannes Wildner, Et Al
    Label: Marco Polo   Catalog: 223209 Release Date: 12/17/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Johannes Wildner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polish National Philharmonic Orchestra Katowice
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  • 167.
    J. Strauss: An Der Schönen Blauen Donau, Etc / E. Strauss
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90013 Release Date: 10/26/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eduard Strauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
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  • 168.
    The Vienna Choir Boys Sing Strauss Waltzes
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 61235 Release Date: 07/14/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Hans Gillesberger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Boys' Choir
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  • 169.
    Strauss Johann: Most Famous Waltzes
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550152 Release Date: 06/30/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Strauss Festival Orchestra Vienna
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  • 170.
    Historic Strauss Interpretations
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90090 Release Date: 06/12/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm,  Arturo Toscanini,  Hans Knappertsbusch,  Bruno Walter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 171.
    Blue Danube- Strauss Waltzes / Ormandy, Philadelphia Orch
    Label: Rca Victrola   Catalog: 60490 Release Date: 06/21/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 172.
    Famous Strauss Waltzes / Boskovsky, Johann Strauss Orchestra
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 47052 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
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  • 173.
    Strauss Family Festkonzert / Sawallisch, Vienna So
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 236901 Release Date: 09/27/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 174.
    J Strauss: Waltzes / Lorin Maazel, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Dg 3d Classics   Catalog: 4278202 Release Date: 08/01/1989   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 175.
    Johann Strauss: Famous Waltzes / Willi Boskovsky
    Label: London/Decca Jubilee   Catalog: 4177062 Release Date: 03/16/1987   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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