Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less
Strauss II: Der Zigeunerbaron / Foster, NDR Radiophilharmonie
Release Date: 04/08/2016   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186482   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Emperor Waltz (Kaiser-Walzer)

Browse 101-125 of 128 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    J. Strauss - The Best Of Vienna
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 459730 Release Date: 01/12/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Lorin Maazel,  Claudio Abbado,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 102.
    New Year's Concert Vienna 1987 / Karajan, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 45985 Release Date: 12/08/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Kathleen Battle
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 103.
    The Strauss Family: Waltzes, Polkas & Marches / Boskovsky
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455254 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 104.
    The Vienna I Love / André Rieu
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 528786 Release Date: 01/14/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  A. Morris,  Richard Eilenberg,  Emil Waldteufel,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  André Rieu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Netherlands
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  • 105.
    New Year's Concert 1996 / Maazel, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 68421 Release Date: 10/15/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Carl Michael Ziehrer,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Lorin Maazel
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 106.
    Johann Strauss: Quatre Valses / Ensemble Stanislas
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 892 Release Date: 10/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Jean de Spengler,  Paul Fenton,  Lee Gee,  Jean-Louis Haguenauer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stanislas Ensemble
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  • 107.
    Schoenberg: Chamber Symphony, Suite, Etc / Sieghart
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 215901 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Arnold Schoenberg
    Conductor:  Martin Sieghart
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  • 108.
    An Evening With The Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 68860 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Emil Waldteufel  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Rabin,  Leonard Pennario
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin,  Carmen Dragon,  Miklós Rózsa,  Earl Bernard Murray  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 109.
    Favorite Waltzes / Felix Slatkin, Miklós Rózsa
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 69023 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Iosif Ivanovici,  Emil Waldteufel,  Josef Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin,  Miklós Rózsa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $4.99
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  • 110.
    Great Waltzes - Sleeping Beauty, Emperor Waltz, Etc
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553337 Release Date: 09/19/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Aram Khachaturian,  Juventino Rosas  ... 
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd,  Andrei Anikhanov,  Enrique Bátiz,  Pinchas Steinberg  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Strauss Festival Orchestra Vienna,  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra Bratislava,  St. Petersburg State Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 111.
    Schönberg: Pierrot Lunaire, Etc / Ensemble Avantgarde
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 6130579 Release Date: 08/22/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Arnold Schoenberg
    Performer:  Salome Kammer
    Conductor:  Hans Zender
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Avantgarde
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  • 112.
    Bruno Walter Edition - Strauss, Brahms, Smetana
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64467 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 113.
    Strauss: Waltzes / Boskovsky, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 443473 Release Date: 02/14/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Anton Karas
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 114.
    Die Wiener Philharmoniker Auf Dem Weg Zum Neujahrskonzert
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90139 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Carl Michael Ziehrer
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch,  Clemens Krauss,  Bruno Walter,  George Szell  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 115.
    Strauss - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64063 Release Date: 08/09/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Lazar Gosman,  Eugene Ormandy,  Stanley Black,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tchaikovsky Chamber Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 116.
    Strauss - The Greatest Hits
    Label: Reference Gold   Catalog: 3607 Release Date: 04/13/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra,  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 117.
    Strauss: Famous Waltzes, Polkas, Marches, Overtures Vol 4
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550339 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter,  Alfred Walter,  Ondrej Lenárd,  Christoph von Dohnányi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice State Philharmonic,  Slovak State Symphony Orchestra,  Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 118.
    The Best Of Johann Strauss Ii
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556664 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd,  Johannes Wildner,  Martin Sieghart
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 119.
    Wedding Music / Bertalan Hock
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550790 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Tomaso Albinoni  ... 
    Performer:  Bertalan Hock,  György Geiger
    Conductor:  István Bogár
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Budapest Strauss Ensemble
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  • 120.
    Joh. & Jos. Strauss: Waltzes & Polkas / Karajan, Berlin Po
    Label: Dg Galleria   Catalog: 437255 Release Date: 05/11/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 121.
    Ein Straussfest II / Kunzel, Cincinnati Pops Orchestra
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80314 Release Date: 03/23/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops,  Cincinnati Chorale
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  • 122.
    J. Strauss: An Der Schönen Blauen Donau, Etc / E. Strauss
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90013 Release Date: 10/26/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eduard Strauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
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  • 123.
    The Vienna Choir Boys Sing Strauss Waltzes
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 61235 Release Date: 07/14/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Hans Gillesberger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Boys' Choir
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  • 124.
    Strauss Johann: Most Famous Waltzes
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550152 Release Date: 06/30/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Strauss Festival Orchestra Vienna
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  • 125.
    Historic Strauss Interpretations
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90090 Release Date: 06/12/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm,  Arturo Toscanini,  Hans Knappertsbusch,  Bruno Walter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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