Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less
Johann Strauss II at the Opera
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 578287   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss In Vienna - Famous Waltzes, Etc / Quintett Wien
Release Date: 01/27/1998   Label: Nimbus  
Catalog: 5542   Number of Discs: 1
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Prima Voce - Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Krauss, Patzak, Guden, Wagner, Gedda, Et Al
Release Date: 01/13/2009   Label: Nimbus  
Catalog: 7954   Number of Discs: 2
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J. Strauss: Open Road / John Charles Thomas
Release Date: 03/13/2012   Label: Nimbus  
Catalog: 1542   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Tales from the Vienna Woods (Geschichten aus dem Wienerwald)

Browse 76-100 of 164 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    All Time Favorite Strauss Waltzes
    Label: Kado   Catalog: 20050 Release Date: 10/04/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Theater Symphony Orchestra
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  • 77.
    Famous Conductors Of The Past - Rudolf Moralt (1902-1958)
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90673 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Rudolf Moralt
    Conductor:  Rudolf Moralt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 78.
    Strauss Waltz Gala / Dorati, Fiedler, London Philharmonic, Boston Pops Orchestra
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4767864 Release Date: 09/11/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Boston Pops
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  • 79.
    Danzas Y Ballets - A Través De Los Tiempos
    Label: Yoyo   Catalog: 59401 Release Date: 04/26/2005   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Amilcare Ponchielli,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Charles Gounod,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Festival Orchestra
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  • 80.
    Strauss Family: Waltzes & Polkas, Vol 1/ Clemens Kraus,Et Al
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 7008 Release Date: 04/26/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 81.
    2005 New Year's Concert / Maazel, Vienna Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4775366 Release Date: 01/25/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  J. "Pepi" Hellmesberger,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Franz von Suppé  ... 
    Performer:  Lorin Maazel
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Neujahrskonzert Aus Wien
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 77028 Release Date: 05/27/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Carl Michael Ziehrer,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 83.
    Johann Strauss II: Waltzes, Polkas, etc / Tovey, et al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 5856332 Release Date: 02/03/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Bramwell Tovey,  Bryden Thomson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra
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  • 84.
    Johann Strauss II: Waltzes / Willi Boskovsky
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75239 Release Date: 01/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
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  • 85.
    Best Of New Year's Concert / Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000166302 Release Date: 12/09/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa,  Herbert von Karajan,  Lorin Maazel,  Claudio Abbado  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 86.
    Original Masters - Rita Streich - The Viennese Nightingale
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 474738 Release Date: 12/01/2003   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Otto Nicolai,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Rita Streich,  Erik Werba,  Günther Weissenborn,  Marianne Schech  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Rother,  Ferdinand Leitner,  Kurt Gaebel,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Chamber Chorus  ... 
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  • 87.
    Strauss J: World Of Johann Strauss
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 430501 Release Date: 09/16/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Great Voices Of The Past - Light Opera Gems
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 8015 Release Date: 07/01/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Franz Lehár,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Gino Bechi,  Ezio Pinza,  Maria Reining,  Amelita Galli-Curci  ... 
    Conductor:  Franz Lehár,  Percy Pitt,  Carlo Sabajno
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  • 89.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Waltzes, Polkas & Marches / Harnoncourt, Royal Concertgebouw
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 7499812 Release Date: 04/28/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 90.
    Strauss: Waltzes And Polkas /Ormandy, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 87281 Release Date: 04/01/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 91.
    Johann Strauss II - Transcriptions / Vienna String Quartet
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 583 Release Date: 01/28/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna String Quartet
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  • 92.
    Viennese Favourites / Rudolf Kempe, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1275 Release Date: 01/14/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Heuberger,  Franz Lehár  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 93.
    Erich Kleiber At NBC - Four Complete Concerts From 1947-48
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1112 Release Date: 11/26/2002   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 94.
    Schumann: Symphony No 2;  Et Al / Stokowski, Et Al
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 532 Release Date: 06/11/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Robert Schumann
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leopold Stokowski Orchestra
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  • 95.
    An Evening At The Vienna Opera Ball
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 650 Release Date: 05/28/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Emmerich Kálmán,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Ryszard Karczykowski,  Melaine Holliday
    Conductor:  Uwe Theimer,  Karl Jeitler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Ball Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Winds,  Vienna Ballroom Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Felicie Huni-mihacsek
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89546 Release Date: 02/26/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Gounod,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Felicie Hüni-Mihacsek
    Conductor:  Johannes Heidenreich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 97.
    Best Of Naxos Vol 2
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550002 Release Date: 01/25/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Frédéric Chopin,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Takako Nishizaki,  Balázs Szokolay,  Peter Lang,  Herbert Weissberg  ... 
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sobotka,  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Bohdan Warchal,  Christoph Eberle  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana,  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Budapest Dall' Arco Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 98.
    Rca Red Seal Century - Vocalists
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 63860 Release Date: 11/06/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Luisa Tetrazzini,  Titta Ruffo,  Giovanni Martinelli,  Alma Gluck  ... 
    Conductor:  Josef Pasternack,  Rosario Bourdon,  Renato Cellini,  Marcello Viotti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra,  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 99.
    On The Beautiful Blue Danube, Etc / Andre Rieu, Et Al
    Label: Koch International Classics   Catalog: 7534 Release Date: 10/23/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  André Rieu
    Conductor:  André Rieu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
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  • 100.
    Richard Tauber Vol 2 - I'm In Love With Vienna
    Label: Naxos Nostalgia   Catalog: 8120555 Release Date: 09/18/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Frédéric Chopin,  George H. Clutsam  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Tauber
    Conductor:  Henry Ernest Geehl,  Frieder Weissmann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra,  Odeon-Künstler Orchestra
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