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Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less
J. Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Previn, Te Kanawa, Gruberova
Release Date: 11/08/1991   Label: Philips  
Catalog: 432157   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Eine Nacht In Venedig / Clear, Singer, Schorkhuber, Irosch
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Archipel  
Catalog: 5   Number of Discs: 1
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J. Strauss, Jr.: Die Fledermaus / Wildner, Fontana, Et Al
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8660017-18   Number of Discs: 2
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J. Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Seidler-winkler, Herzog, Etc
Release Date: 09/16/1997   Label: Preiser Records  
Catalog: 89970   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Karajan, Waechter, Stolze, Et Al
Release Date: 09/14/1999   Label: Rca Victor Red Seal  
Catalog: 61949   Number of Discs: 3
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Work: Tales from the Vienna Woods (Geschichten aus dem Wienerwald)

Browse 51-75 of 155 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Waltz! / Felix Slatkin, Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Emi Studio   Catalog: 63659 Release Date: 12/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Emil Waldteufel
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 52.
    Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra Plays Strauss 1929 - 1990
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 435335 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber,  Clemens Krauss,  George Szell,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 53.
    Basics - Johann Strauss, Josef Strauss, Et Al / Kempe, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 8570 Release Date: 11/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Manfred Honeck,  Rudolf Kempe,  Otmar Suitner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 54.
    André Rieu - Masterpieces
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000913402 Release Date: 09/11/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Jules Massenet,  Traditional,  Emil Waldteufel  ... 
    Performer:  André Rieu
    Conductor:  André Rieu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra
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  • 55.
    Gemini - J. Strauss Ii: 19 Waltzes / Willi Boskovsky
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 81524 Release Date: 04/24/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
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  • 56.
    Recordings For German Radio - Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1195 Release Date: 02/13/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Raucheisen,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Lea Piltti,  Josef Greindl  ... 
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  • 57.
    The Never Ending Waltz / Kunzel, Cincinnati Pops Orchestra
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80668 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Léo Delibes,  Léon Fyodorovich Minkus  ... 
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops
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  • 58.
    Elisabeth Schwarzkopf - A Viennese Evening
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4390 Release Date: 09/26/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Lehár,  Carl Zeller,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Heuberger  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Radio Canada Orchestra
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  • 59.
    Prima Voce - Lucrezia Bori In Opera & Song
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7932 Release Date: 09/12/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Alexander Glazunov,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Joaquin Valverde,  Edwick Rumbold  ... 
    Performer:  Lucrezia Bori,  John McCormack,  Lawrence Tibbett,  George Copeland
    Conductor:  Josef Pasternack,  Rosario Bourdon,  Nathaniel Shilkret,  Frank Black
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake Highlights / Stokowski, Nbc So
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 543 Release Date: 06/13/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 61.
    Weekend Classics - A Johann Strauss Weekend
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 0006650002 Release Date: 06/13/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Vienna Waltz And Polka / Bauer-theussl, Et Al
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 20053 Release Date: 05/30/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Franz Lehár,  Hanns Jelinek
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Franz Bauer-Theussl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Ball Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Leopold Stokowski And The Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1173 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Johannes Brahms,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 64.
    The Strauss You Love
    Label: Vox Classics   Catalog: 97016 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
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  • 65.
    J. Strauss: Waltzes / Kreizberg, Vienna Symphony
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186052 Release Date: 02/21/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Yakov Kreizberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 66.
    A Night In Vienna - Mozart, Strauss / English Brass Ensemble
    Label: Brass Classics   Catalog: 3002 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Richard Martin,  James Gourlay,  Paul Archibald,  James Handy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Brass Ensemble
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  • 67.
    The Karajan Collection - Strauss, Et Al: Waltzes & Polkas
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 76879 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 68.
    The Very Best Of Johann Strauss Jr.
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8552115-16 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    CD: $14.99
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  • 69.
    All Time Favorite Strauss Waltzes
    Label: Kado   Catalog: 20050 Release Date: 10/04/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Theater Symphony Orchestra
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  • 70.
    Famous Conductors Of The Past - Rudolf Moralt (1902-1958)
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90673 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Rudolf Moralt
    Conductor:  Rudolf Moralt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Danzas Y Ballets - A Través De Los Tiempos
    Label: Yoyo   Catalog: 59401 Release Date: 04/26/2005   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Amilcare Ponchielli,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Charles Gounod,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Festival Orchestra
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  • 72.
    Strauss Family: Waltzes & Polkas, Vol 1/ Clemens Kraus,Et Al
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 7008 Release Date: 04/26/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 73.
    2005 New Year's Concert / Maazel, Vienna Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4775366 Release Date: 01/25/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  J. "Pepi" Hellmesberger,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Franz von Suppé  ... 
    Performer:  Lorin Maazel
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Johann Strauss II: Waltzes, Polkas, etc / Tovey, et al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 5856332 Release Date: 02/03/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Bramwell Tovey,  Bryden Thomson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Johann Strauss II: Waltzes / Willi Boskovsky
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75239 Release Date: 01/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
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