Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less
Johann Strauss II at the Opera
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 578287   Number of Discs: 1
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Prima Voce - Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Krauss, Patzak, Guden, Wagner, Gedda, Et Al
Release Date: 01/13/2009   Label: Nimbus  
Catalog: 7954   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss In Vienna - Famous Waltzes, Etc / Quintett Wien
Release Date: 01/27/1998   Label: Nimbus  
Catalog: 5542   Number of Discs: 1
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J. Strauss: Open Road / John Charles Thomas
Release Date: 03/13/2012   Label: Nimbus  
Catalog: 1542   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Tales from the Vienna Woods (Geschichten aus dem Wienerwald)

Browse 51-75 of 165 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Bernstein Favorites - J. Strauss Jr.: Waltzes
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46710 Release Date: 04/07/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 52.
    Karajan - Complete Emi Recordings 1946-84 Vol 1 - Orchestral Works
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 12038 Release Date: 04/01/2008   Number of Discs: 88
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  E. Nikolaus von Reznicek,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Karl Leister,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Ernst Haefliger,  Anne-Sophie Mutter  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    On sale! $253.98
    CD: $194.99
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  • 53.
    Karajan - The Legendary Decca Recordings - Brahms, Adam, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001078802 Release Date: 03/11/2008   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Gustav Holst  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 54.
    Tales From Vienna Woods & Gold And Silver - Favorite Waltzes / Fiedler
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 35040 Release Date: 02/21/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Léo Delibes,  Charles Gounod,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Franz Lehár  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
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  • 55.
    Greatest Hits / The King's Singers
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 14587 Release Date: 02/05/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Lady John Douglas Scott,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Joseph Canteloube  ... 
    Performer:  José Luis Garcia,  Howard Shelley,  Manuel Barrueco,  Georg Hörtnagel  ... 
    Conductor:  Carl Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  King's Singers,  English Chamber Orchestra,  Tragicomedia Instrumental Ensemble
    CD: $15.99
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  • 56.
    Music For An Empress
    Label: Document (Usa)   Catalog: 1203617 Release Date: 01/08/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Antonín Dvorák,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
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  • 57.
    J Strauss Jr: Famous Waltzes / Bauer-theussl
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 411119 Release Date: 12/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Franz Bauer-Theussl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
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  • 58.
    Waltz! / Felix Slatkin, Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Emi Studio   Catalog: 63659 Release Date: 12/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Emil Waldteufel
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 59.
    Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra Plays Strauss 1929 - 1990
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 435335 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber,  Clemens Krauss,  George Szell,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Basics - Johann Strauss, Josef Strauss, Et Al / Kempe, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 8570 Release Date: 11/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Manfred Honeck,  Rudolf Kempe,  Otmar Suitner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 61.
    André Rieu - Masterpieces
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000913402 Release Date: 09/11/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Jules Massenet,  Traditional,  Emil Waldteufel  ... 
    Performer:  André Rieu
    Conductor:  André Rieu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra
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  • 62.
    10 Great Tenors
    Label: Membran International Gmbh   Catalog: 1203165 Release Date: 08/14/2007   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Giacomo Meyerbeer,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Friedrich von Flotow,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Ferruccio Tagliavini,  Mario Lanza,  Enrico Caruso,  Mario Del Monaco  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Constantin Callinicos,  Tomaso Benintende-Neglia,  Tullio Serafin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Orchestra,  MGM Studio Orchestra,  Milan Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 63.
    Gemini - J. Strauss Ii: 19 Waltzes / Willi Boskovsky
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 81524 Release Date: 04/24/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
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  • 64.
    Recordings For German Radio - Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1195 Release Date: 02/13/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Raucheisen,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Lea Piltti,  Josef Greindl  ... 
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  • 65.
    The Never Ending Waltz / Kunzel, Cincinnati Pops Orchestra
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80668 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Léo Delibes,  Léon Fyodorovich Minkus  ... 
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops
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  • 66.
    Elisabeth Schwarzkopf - A Viennese Evening
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4390 Release Date: 09/26/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Lehár,  Carl Zeller,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Heuberger  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Radio Canada Orchestra
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  • 67.
    Prima Voce - Lucrezia Bori In Opera & Song
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7932 Release Date: 09/12/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Alexander Glazunov,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Joaquin Valverde,  Edwick Rumbold  ... 
    Performer:  Lucrezia Bori,  John McCormack,  Lawrence Tibbett,  George Copeland
    Conductor:  Josef Pasternack,  Rosario Bourdon,  Nathaniel Shilkret,  Frank Black
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
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  • 68.
    Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake Highlights / Stokowski, Nbc So
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 543 Release Date: 06/13/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 69.
    Weekend Classics - A Johann Strauss Weekend
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 0006650002 Release Date: 06/13/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 70.
    Vienna Waltz And Polka / Bauer-theussl, Et Al
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 20053 Release Date: 05/30/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Franz Lehár,  Hanns Jelinek
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Franz Bauer-Theussl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Ball Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Leopold Stokowski And The Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1173 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Johannes Brahms,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
    CD: $44.49
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  • 72.
    The Strauss You Love
    Label: Vox Classics   Catalog: 97016 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
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  • 73.
    J. Strauss: Waltzes / Kreizberg, Vienna Symphony
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186052 Release Date: 02/21/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Yakov Kreizberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 74.
    A Night In Vienna - Mozart, Strauss / English Brass Ensemble
    Label: Brass Classics   Catalog: 3002 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Richard Martin,  James Gourlay,  Paul Archibald,  James Handy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Brass Ensemble
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  • 75.
    The Karajan Collection - Strauss, Et Al: Waltzes & Polkas
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 76879 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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