Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less

Work: Tales from the Vienna Woods (Geschichten aus dem Wienerwald)

Browse 51-75 of 118 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Recordings For German Radio - Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1195 Release Date: 02/13/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Raucheisen,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Lea Piltti,  Josef Greindl  ... 
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  • 52.
    Ultimate Classical - Chill Out
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000766202 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Frédéric Chopin,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Jules Massenet  ... 
    Performer:  Joseph Cooper,  Ilana Vered,  William Bennett,  Brigitte [Mezzo-Soprano Vocal] Fassbaender  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Herrmann,  Raymond Agoult,  Richard Bonynge,  Stanley Black  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  New Symphony Orchestra of London,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 53.
    The Never Ending Waltz / Kunzel, Cincinnati Pops Orchestra
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80668 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Léo Delibes,  Léon Fyodorovich Minkus  ... 
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops
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  • 54.
    Elisabeth Schwarzkopf - A Viennese Evening
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4390 Release Date: 09/26/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Lehár,  Carl Zeller,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Heuberger  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Radio Canada Orchestra
    DVD: $28.99
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  • 55.
    Prima Voce - Lucrezia Bori In Opera & Song
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7932 Release Date: 09/12/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Alexander Glazunov,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Joaquin Valverde,  Edwick Rumbold  ... 
    Performer:  Lucrezia Bori,  John McCormack,  Lawrence Tibbett,  George Copeland
    Conductor:  Josef Pasternack,  Rosario Bourdon,  Nathaniel Shilkret,  Frank Black
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 56.
    Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake Highlights / Stokowski, Nbc So
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 543 Release Date: 06/13/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 57.
    Vienna Waltz And Polka / Bauer-theussl, Et Al
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 20053 Release Date: 05/30/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Franz Lehár,  Hanns Jelinek
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Franz Bauer-Theussl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Ball Orchestra
    On sale! $25.98
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  • 58.
    Leopold Stokowski And The Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1173 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Johannes Brahms,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
    CD: $44.49
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  • 59.
    The Strauss You Love
    Label: Vox Classics   Catalog: 97016 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    CD: $3.99
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  • 60.
    A Night In Vienna - Mozart, Strauss / English Brass Ensemble
    Label: Brass Classics   Catalog: 3002 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Richard Martin,  James Gourlay,  Paul Archibald,  James Handy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Brass Ensemble
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 61.
    The Very Best Of Johann Strauss Jr.
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8552115-16 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
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  • 62.
    All Time Favorite Strauss Waltzes
    Label: Kado   Catalog: 20050 Release Date: 10/04/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Theater Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $7.99
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  • 63.
    Famous Conductors Of The Past - Rudolf Moralt (1902-1958)
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90673 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Rudolf Moralt
    Conductor:  Rudolf Moralt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 64.
    Danzas Y Ballets - A Través De Los Tiempos
    Label: Yoyo   Catalog: 59401 Release Date: 04/26/2005   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Amilcare Ponchielli,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Charles Gounod,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Festival Orchestra
    On sale! $38.98
    CD: $34.99
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  • 65.
    Strauss Family: Waltzes & Polkas, Vol 1/ Clemens Kraus,Et Al
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 7008 Release Date: 04/26/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 66.
    2005 New Year's Concert / Maazel, Vienna PO
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4775366 Release Date: 01/25/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  J. "Pepi" Hellmesberger,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Franz von Suppé  ... 
    Performer:  Lorin Maazel
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $24.98
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  • 67.
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 3792 Release Date: 09/28/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Václav Vackar,  Claude Debussy,  George Frideric Handel,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Gabriela Demeterová,  Tereza Mátlova,  Jana Bousková
    Conductor:  Jan Chalupecky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Collegium
    CD: $17.99
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  • 68.
    Great Voices Of The Past - Light Opera Gems
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 8015 Release Date: 07/01/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Franz Lehár,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Gino Bechi,  Ezio Pinza,  Maria Reining,  Amelita Galli-Curci  ... 
    Conductor:  Franz Lehár,  Percy Pitt,  Carlo Sabajno
    On sale! $18.98
    CD: $15.99
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  • 69.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Waltzes, Polkas & Marches / Harnoncourt, Royal Concertgebouw
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 7499812 Release Date: 04/28/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
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  • 70.
    Johann Strauss II - Transcriptions / Vienna String Quartet
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 583 Release Date: 01/28/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna String Quartet
    On sale! $25.98
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  • 71.
    Viennese Favourites / Rudolf Kempe, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1275 Release Date: 01/14/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Heuberger,  Franz Lehár  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $25.98
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  • 72.
    Erich Kleiber At NBC - Four Complete Concerts From 1947-48
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1112 Release Date: 11/26/2002   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $44.49
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  • 73.
    Schumann: Symphony No 2;  Et Al / Stokowski, Et Al
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 532 Release Date: 06/11/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Robert Schumann
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leopold Stokowski Orchestra
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 74.
    An Evening At The Vienna Opera Ball
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 650 Release Date: 05/28/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Emmerich Kálmán,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Ryszard Karczykowski,  Melaine Holliday
    Conductor:  Uwe Theimer,  Karl Jeitler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Ball Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Winds,  Vienna Ballroom Orchestra
    On sale! $20.98
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  • 75.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Felicie Huni-mihacsek
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89546 Release Date: 02/26/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Gounod,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Felicie Hüni-Mihacsek
    Conductor:  Johannes Heidenreich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
    On sale! $22.98
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Johann Strauss Jr.