Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less

Work: Tales from the Vienna Woods (Geschichten aus dem Wienerwald)

Browse 26-50 of 107 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Label: Hyperion Knight (Label)   Catalog: 50138174 Release Date: 10/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Pachelbel,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Aram Khachaturian,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Hyperion Knight
    CD: $15.99
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  • 27.
    Radetzky March - Orchestral Favourites / Hans Knappertsbusch
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 440624 Release Date: 09/03/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Karel Komzak II,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Carl Michael Ziehrer  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 28.
    Johann Strauss: Walzer / Thomas Christian Ensemble
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 6031590 Release Date: 01/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Thomas Christian Ensemble
    CD: $18.99
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  • 29.
    Berlitz Passport - The Music Of Austria
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 47284 Release Date: 11/30/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Franz Lehár,  Roman Hoffstetter  ... 
    Performer:  Pinchas Zukerman
    Conductor:  Andre Kostelanetz,  Leonard Bernstein,  George Szell,  Eugene Ormandy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Andre Kostelanetz Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  Cleveland Orchestra  ... 
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  • 30.
    The Emperor Waltz - Ormandy Conducts Viennese Favorites
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 38115 Release Date: 09/17/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 31.
    50 Classics For Relaxation / Ingman, Gerhardt, Gamley, Et Al
    Label: Time/Life Music   Catalog: 24742 Release Date: 06/30/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johann Paul A. Martini  ... 
    Performer:  Keith Harvey,  José Luis Garcia,  Larry Dalton,  Skaila Kanga  ... 
    Conductor:  David Firman,  Franck Pourcel,  Charles Gerhardt,  Eric Hammerstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Philharmonic Orchestra,  Franck Pourcel Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $11.99
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  • 32.
    An Der Schonen Blauen Donau - Waltzes & Polkas Of The Strauss Family
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 14442 Release Date: 12/03/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Various
    Conductor:  Otmar Suitner,  Manfred Honeck,  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 33.
    Strauss Family: Waltzes / Guth, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks   Catalog: 28150 Release Date: 10/14/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Peter Guth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 34.
    Ultimate Strauss Family - Waltzes, Marches And Polkas / Boskovsky, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001158602 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $19.99
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  • 35.
    A New Year's Eve Concert / Kempe, Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 185822 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz von Suppé,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 36.
    Basics 25-cd Boxset
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 186002 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Georges Bizet,  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    CD: $98.99
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  • 37.
    Bernstein Favorites - J. Strauss Jr.: Waltzes
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46710 Release Date: 03/26/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 38.
    Karajan - The Legendary Decca Recordings - Brahms, Adam, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001078802 Release Date: 03/11/2008   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 39.
    Tales From Vienna Woods & Gold And Silver - Favorite Waltzes / Fiedler
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 35040 Release Date: 02/14/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Léo Delibes,  Charles Gounod,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Franz Lehár  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
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  • 40.
    J Strauss Jr: Famous Waltzes / Bauer-theussl
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 411119 Release Date: 12/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Franz Bauer-Theussl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
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  • 41.
    Waltz! / Felix Slatkin, Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Emi Studio   Catalog: 63659 Release Date: 12/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Emil Waldteufel
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 42.
    Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra Plays Strauss 1929 - 1990
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 435335 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber,  Clemens Krauss,  George Szell,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $29.98
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  • 43.
    Basics - Johann Strauss, Josef Strauss, Et Al / Kempe, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 8570 Release Date: 11/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Manfred Honeck,  Rudolf Kempe,  Otmar Suitner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 44.
    Recordings For German Radio - Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1195 Release Date: 02/13/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Raucheisen,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Lea Piltti,  Josef Greindl  ... 
    CD: $29.99
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  • 45.
    Ultimate Classical - Chill Out
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000766202 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Frédéric Chopin,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Jules Massenet  ... 
    Performer:  Joseph Cooper,  Ilana Vered,  William Bennett,  Brigitte [Mezzo-Soprano Vocal] Fassbaender  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Herrmann,  Raymond Agoult,  Richard Bonynge,  Stanley Black  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  New Symphony Orchestra of London,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $19.99
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  • 46.
    The Never Ending Waltz / Kunzel, Cincinnati Pops Orchestra
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80668 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Léo Delibes,  Léon Fyodorovich Minkus  ... 
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops
    CD: $16.99
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  • 47.
    Elisabeth Schwarzkopf - A Viennese Evening
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4390 Release Date: 09/26/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Lehár,  Carl Zeller,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Heuberger  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Radio Canada Orchestra
    DVD: $28.99
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  • 48.
    Prima Voce - Lucrezia Bori In Opera & Song
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7932 Release Date: 09/12/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Alexander Glazunov,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Joaquin Valverde,  Edwick Rumbold  ... 
    Performer:  Lucrezia Bori,  John McCormack,  Lawrence Tibbett,  George Copeland
    Conductor:  Josef Pasternack,  Rosario Bourdon,  Nathaniel Shilkret,  Frank Black
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
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  • 49.
    Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake Highlights / Stokowski, Nbc So
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 543 Release Date: 06/13/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 50.
    Vienna Waltz And Polka / Bauer-theussl, Et Al
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 20053 Release Date: 05/30/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Franz Lehár,  Hanns Jelinek
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Franz Bauer-Theussl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Ball Orchestra
    On sale! $25.98
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