Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.

Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna on Read more October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.

His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.

Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.

In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.

Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less

Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Haider, Mikolaj, Reiss, Edelmann, Holecek
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Capriccio Records  
Catalog: 5167   Number of Discs: 2
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Karajan: Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Brahms, R. Strauss, Opera Arias - 1946-1949
Release Date: 04/08/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 633618   Number of Discs: 10
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Karajan 1951-1960: Mozart, Schubert, Brahms, Strauss, Wagner
Release Date: 05/13/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 633623   Number of Discs: 12
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Work: Tales from the Vienna Woods (Geschichten aus dem Wienerwald)

Browse 26-50 of 164 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Mady Mesple - 80th Anniversary
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 95003 Release Date: 03/29/2011   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Léo Delibes,  Jules Massenet,  Ambroise Thomas,  Edouard Lalo  ... 
    Performer:  Mady Mesplé
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  • 27.
    The Strauss Family: Waltzes, Polkas / Boskovsky, Wiener Johann Strauss Orchester
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 18744 Release Date: 03/08/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    CD: $12.99
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  • 28.
    100 Best Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 17639 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 29.
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 648513 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
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  • 30.
    Kaiserwalzer - Strauss Family: Orchestral Works / Fricsay
    Label: Dg Musikfest   Catalog: 427217 Release Date: 12/08/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bratislava Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 31.
    111 - The Collector's Edition 2 [56-CD Set - Limited Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4779142 Release Date: 11/09/2010   Number of Discs: 56
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Maurice Ravel,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Stuart Harling,  Robert Lloyd,  Sherrill Milnes,  Placido Domingo  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  John Nelson,  Leonard Bernstein,  Jerzy Semkow  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers,  George Watson's College Boys' Chorus  ... 
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  • 32.
    Label: Hyperion Knight (Label)   Catalog: 50138174 Release Date: 10/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Pachelbel,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Aram Khachaturian,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Hyperion Knight
    CD: $15.99
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  • 33.
    Icon - Rudolf Kempe
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 29557 Release Date: 09/14/2010   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Tortelier,  Sylvia Geszty,  Teresa Zylis-Gara,  Gundula Janowitz  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 34.
    Radetzky March - Orchestral Favourites / Hans Knappertsbusch
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 440624 Release Date: 09/03/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Otto Nicolai  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 35.
    Label: Delta Leisure Group   Catalog: 1198583 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  André Rieu  ... 
    Performer:  André Rieu
    Conductor:  André Rieu
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  • 36.
    Johann Strauss: Walzer / Thomas Christian Ensemble
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 6031590 Release Date: 01/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Thomas Christian Ensemble
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  • 37.
    Berlitz Passport - The Music Of Austria
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 47284 Release Date: 12/01/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Franz Lehár,  Roman Hoffstetter  ... 
    Performer:  Pinchas Zukerman
    Conductor:  Andre Kostelanetz,  Leonard Bernstein,  George Szell,  Eugene Ormandy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Andre Kostelanetz Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  Cleveland Orchestra  ... 
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  • 38.
    Strictly Waltz
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 2564687054 Release Date: 10/05/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    CD: $8.99
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  • 39.
    The Emperor Waltz - Ormandy Conducts Viennese Favorites
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 38115 Release Date: 09/24/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 40.
    50 Classics For Relaxation / Ingman, Gerhardt, Gamley, Et Al
    Label: Time/Life Music   Catalog: 24742 Release Date: 06/30/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johann Paul A. Martini  ... 
    Performer:  Keith Harvey,  José Luis Garcia,  Larry Dalton,  Skaila Kanga  ... 
    Conductor:  David Firman,  Franck Pourcel,  Charles Gerhardt,  Eric Hammerstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Philharmonic Orchestra,  Franck Pourcel Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 41.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Die Fledermaus / Fricsay, Streich, Anders
    Label: Membran International Gmbh   Catalog: 2223979 Release Date: 05/01/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Peter Anders,  Martha Musial,  Fritz Hoppe,  Edwin Heyer  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra,  Various Artists Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Orchestra  ... 
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  • 42.
    An Der Schonen Blauen Donau - Waltzes & Polkas Of The Strauss Family
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 14442 Release Date: 12/03/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Various
    Conductor:  Otmar Suitner,  Manfred Honeck,  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle
    CD: $9.99
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  • 43.
    Strauss Family: Waltzes / Guth, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks   Catalog: 28150 Release Date: 10/14/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Peter Guth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 44.
    Strauss Family: Polkas & Waltzes
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453052 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 45.
    Ultimate Strauss Family - Waltzes, Marches And Polkas / Boskovsky, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001158602 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 46.
    A New Year's Eve Concert / Kempe, Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 185822 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz von Suppé,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
    CD: $9.99
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  • 47.
    Basics 25-cd Boxset
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 186002 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Georges Bizet,  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    CD: $98.99
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  • 48.
    Lehár: Die Lustige Witwe; Johann Strauss Jr: Waltzes / Welser-möst
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 20974 Release Date: 06/10/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Lehár,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Robert Poulton,  Rudolf Schasching,  Elzbieta Szmytka  ... 
    Conductor:  Franz Welser-Möst
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Glyndebourne Festival Chorus
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  • 49.
    Bernstein Favorites - J. Strauss Jr.: Waltzes
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46710 Release Date: 04/07/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 50.
    Karajan - Complete Emi Recordings 1946-84 Vol 1 - Orchestral Works
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 12038 Release Date: 04/01/2008   Number of Discs: 88
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  E. Nikolaus von Reznicek,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Karl Leister,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Ernst Haefliger,  Anne-Sophie Mutter  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    On sale! $253.98
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