Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.

Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna on Read more October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.

His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.

Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.

In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.

Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less

The Strauss Family In London / Georgiadis, London So
Release Date: 06/29/2004   Label: Chandos Collect  
Catalog: 6691   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss Arrangements - Berg, Et Al / Berlin String Quartet
Release Date: 06/28/2005   Label: Berlin Classics  
Catalog: 1258   Number of Discs: 1
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Basics - Johann Strauss, Josef Strauss, Et Al / Kempe, Et Al
Release Date: 11/06/2007   Label: Berlin Classics  
Catalog: 8570   Number of Discs: 1
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An Der Schonen Blauen Donau - Waltzes & Polkas Of The Strauss Family
Release Date: 12/03/2008   Label: Berlin Classics  
Catalog: 14442   Number of Discs: 1
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The Blue Danube - A Strauss Gala / Suitner, Dresden Philharmonic
Release Date: 07/08/2008   Label: Berlin Classics  
Catalog: 94822   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Tales from the Vienna Woods (Geschichten aus dem Wienerwald)

Browse 126-150 of 164 Available Recordings
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  • 126.
    The Strauss Family: Waltzes, Polkas & Marches / Boskovsky
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455254 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 127.
    25 Classical Dance Favorites
    Label: Vox Cameo Classics   Catalog: 8841 Release Date: 07/01/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Maurice Ravel,  Charles Gounod,  Heitor Villa-Lobos  ... 
    Performer:  Manuel Barrueco
    Conductor:  Carl Michalski,  Peter Falk,  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski,  Alfred Scholz  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra,  Minnesota Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 128.
    The Art Of Lotte Schöne - Recordings From 1924-1931
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89224 Release Date: 08/20/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Sidney Jones,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Lotte Schöne,  Joseph Hislop,  Herbert Janssen,  Willi Domgraf-Fassbaender
    Conductor:  Fritz Zweig,  Erich Orthmann,  Leo Blech,  Piero Coppola
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra
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  • 129.
    Schubert, Strauss, Lanner, Komzak / Knappertsbusch
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 426981 Release Date: 07/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karel Komzak II,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Lanner,  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Orchestra
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  • 130.
    Music from the Film
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 62014 Release Date: 05/28/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 131.
    Silvesterkonzert Mit Rudolf Kempe U.d. Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 9007 Release Date: 11/14/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár,  Franz von Suppé,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Clemens Dillner,  Karl Jancik
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 132.
    An Evening With The Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 68860 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Emil Waldteufel  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Rabin,  Leonard Pennario
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin,  Carmen Dragon,  Miklós Rózsa,  Earl Bernard Murray  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 133.
    Favorite Waltzes / Felix Slatkin, Miklós Rózsa
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 69023 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Iosif Ivanovici,  Emil Waldteufel,  Josef Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin,  Miklós Rózsa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 134.
    Bruno Walter Edition - Strauss, Brahms, Smetana
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64467 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 135.
    Hans Knappertsbusch Conducts Johann Strauss, Ziehrer, Komzak
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90236 Release Date: 02/28/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Karel Komzak II,  Carl Michael Ziehrer
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 136.
    Strauss: Waltzes / Boskovsky, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 443473 Release Date: 02/14/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Anton Karas
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 137.
    The Strauss Family - Favorite Melodies
    Label: Curb Records   Catalog: 78002 Release Date: 01/24/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Karl Janacik
    Conductor:  Manfred Honeck,  Rudolf Kempe,  Otmar Suitner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 138.
    100 Fiedler Favorites
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 62698 Release Date: 10/11/1994   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Jacob Gade,  Stevie Wonder,  George Cory,  Jerry Herman  ... 
    Performer:  Leo Litwin,  Earl Wild,  Pasquale Cardillo,  Toni Noichl  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
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  • 139.
    Lso Classic Masterpieces - A Viennese New Year Concert
    Label: Imp Classics   Catalog: 1089 Release Date: 09/13/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Eduard Strauss,  Carl Michael Ziehrer,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  John Georgiadis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 140.
    Strauss - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64063 Release Date: 08/09/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Lazar Gosman,  Eugene Ormandy,  Stanley Black,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tchaikovsky Chamber Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 141.
    Classical Music For People Who Hate Classical Music
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 62664 Release Date: 07/19/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Borodin,  George Gershwin,  Antonín Dvorák,  Ralph Vaughan Williams  ... 
    Performer:  Pasquale Cardillo,  Earl Wild,  Leonard Pennario,  Géza Anda  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler,  Fritz Reiner,  Richard Kapp,  Géza Anda  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 142.
    Strauss - The Greatest Hits
    Label: Reference Gold   Catalog: 3607 Release Date: 04/13/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra,  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 143.
    1994 New Year's Concert / Maazel, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46694 Release Date: 03/22/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Eduard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Lorin Maazel,  Werner Hink
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 144.
    Strauss: Famous Waltzes, Polkas, Marches, Overtures Vol 5
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 550340 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter,  Ondrej Lenárd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 145.
    The Best Of Johann Strauss Ii
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556664 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd,  Johannes Wildner,  Martin Sieghart
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 146.
    Mad About The Waltz
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439518 Release Date: 08/10/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Emil Waldteufel,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa,  Franz Bauer-Theussl,  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 147.
    The Best Of Johann Strauss
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8551114 Release Date: 06/11/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd,  Martin Sieghart,  Johannes Wildner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bratislava Slovak State Symphony Orchestra,  Katowice Polish Radio/TV Symphony Orchestra
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  • 148.
    Basic 100 Vol 6 - Strauss: Waltzes / Ormandy, Philadelphia
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 61555 Release Date: 06/08/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 149.
    Joh. & Jos. Strauss: Waltzes & Polkas / Karajan, Berlin Po
    Label: Dg Galleria   Catalog: 437255 Release Date: 05/11/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 150.
    Prima Voce - Lotte Schone And Richard Tauber In Operetta
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7833 Release Date: 12/02/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Lehár,  Viktor Nessler,  Carl Zeller,  Karl Millöcker  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Tauber,  Lotte Schöne
    Conductor:  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Franz Lehár,  Ernst Hauke,  Anton Paulik  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Odeon-Künstler Orchestra,  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra,  Berlin Künstlertheater Orchestra  ... 
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