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Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less
Johann Strauss II at the Opera - Dances and Marches based on Opera Melodies
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 578287   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss Johann: Most Famous Waltzes
Release Date: 06/30/1992   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550152   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Famous Waltzes, Polkas, Marches, Overtures Vol 2
Release Date: 02/05/1993   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550337   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Famous Waltzes, Polkas, Marches, Overtures Vol 4
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550339   Number of Discs: 1
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J. Strauss, Jr.: Die Fledermaus / Wildner, Fontana, Et Al
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8660017-18   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Tales from the Vienna Woods (Geschichten aus dem Wienerwald)

Browse 101-125 of 157 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Strauss: Kaiser Waltzer, Etc / Karajan, Et Al
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469211 Release Date: 09/26/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  René Kollo,  Evi List,  Julia Varády  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber,  Karl Böhm,  Willi Boskovsky,  Lorin Maazel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Bavarian State Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 102.
    Strauss Jr. - Super Hits - Waltzes And Polkas
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 89269 Release Date: 08/08/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 103.
    100 Years Of Strauss / André Rieu, Johann Strauss Orchestra
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 547456 Release Date: 03/07/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  André Rieu
    Conductor:  André Rieu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Netherlands
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  • 104.
    J. Strauss Jr.: 100 Most Famous Waltzes, Etc Vol 10
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554526 Release Date: 10/26/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd,  Alfred Walter,  Johannes Wildner,  Oliver Dohnányi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bratislava Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bratislava Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 105.
    Johann Strauss, Jr: 100 Of His Best Compositions
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501004 Release Date: 10/01/1999   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter,  Oliver Dohnányi,  Michael Dittrich,  Christian Pollack  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 106.
    Cinema Classics, Vol 1
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8503066 Release Date: 08/30/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Giacomo Puccini,  Gustav Mahler,  Samuel Barber  ... 
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  • 107.
    Historische Neujahrskonzerte / Clemens Krauss, Vienna PO
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90336 Release Date: 04/20/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 108.
    Strauss: Favorite Waltzes / Welser-möst, London Po
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73295 Release Date: 04/20/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Franz Welser-Möst
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 109.
    Classics For The Occasion - Daydreamin' / Oistrakh, Et Al
    Label: Columbia River Entertainment   Catalog: 1061 Release Date: 03/31/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Václáv Smetácek,  Hans Swarowsky,  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Symphony Orchestra,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 110.
    A Viennese New Year - Favourite Waltzes, Polkas, Etc
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 554466/67 Release Date: 03/09/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Michael Dittrich,  Ondrej Lenárd,  Johannes Wildner,  Ernst Märzendorfer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bratislava Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bratislava Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice  ... 
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  • 111.
    New Year's Concert 1999 / Lorin Maazel, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 61687 Release Date: 02/09/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Lorin Maazel
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 112.
    Figure Skating's Greatest Hits
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80504 Release Date: 01/26/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Igor Stravinsky,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Gustav Holst  ... 
    Performer:  John O'Conor,  Joseph Silverstein
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel,  Robert Shaw,  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Yoel Levi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops,  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 113.
    J. Strauss - The Best Of Vienna
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 459730 Release Date: 01/12/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Lorin Maazel,  Claudio Abbado,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 114.
    Strauss Family: Waltzes, Etc / Guth, Royal Po
    Label: Platinum Entertainment   Catalog: 2815 Release Date: 09/22/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Peter Guth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 115.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Piano Transcriptions / Scherbakov
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 69704 Release Date: 02/17/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Moritz Rosenthal,  Alfred Grünfeld,  Carl Tausig
    Performer:  Konstantin Scherbakov
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  • 116.
    The Vocal Artistry Of Marion Talley
    Label: Cambria   Catalog: 1080 Release Date: 11/18/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Ambroise Thomas  ... 
    Performer:  Marion Talley,  Frank La Forge,  Giuseppe de Luca,  Jeanne Gordon  ... 
    Conductor:  Josef Pasternack,  Herman Heller,  Rosario Bourdon
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  • 117.
    J. Strauss: Waltzes, Polkas, Marches / Karajan, Berlin Po
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 449768 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 118.
    Phase 4 Stereo - The Blue Danube / Fiedler, Boston Pops
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455154 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
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  • 119.
    The Strauss Family: Waltzes, Polkas & Marches / Boskovsky
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455254 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 120.
    25 Classical Dance Favorites
    Label: Vox Cameo Classics   Catalog: 8841 Release Date: 07/01/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Maurice Ravel,  Charles Gounod,  Heitor Villa-Lobos  ... 
    Performer:  Manuel Barrueco
    Conductor:  Carl Michalski,  Peter Falk,  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski,  Alfred Scholz  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra,  Minnesota Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 121.
    The Art Of Lotte Schöne - Recordings From 1924-1931
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89224 Release Date: 08/20/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Sidney Jones,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Lotte Schöne,  Joseph Hislop,  Herbert Janssen,  Willi Domgraf-Fassbaender
    Conductor:  Fritz Zweig,  Erich Orthmann,  Leo Blech,  Piero Coppola
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra
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  • 122.
    Schubert, Strauss, Lanner, Komzak / Knappertsbusch
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 426981 Release Date: 07/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karel Komzak II,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Lanner,  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Orchestra
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  • 123.
    Music from the Film
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 62014 Release Date: 05/28/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 124.
    Silvesterkonzert Mit Rudolf Kempe U.d. Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 9007 Release Date: 11/14/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár,  Franz von Suppé,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Clemens Dillner,  Karl Jancik
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 125.
    An Evening With The Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 68860 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Emil Waldteufel  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Rabin,  Leonard Pennario
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin,  Carmen Dragon,  Miklós Rózsa,  Earl Bernard Murray  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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