Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less

Work: Tales from the Vienna Woods (Geschichten aus dem Wienerwald)

Browse 1-25 of 107 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    111: The Collector's Editions [111 CDs]
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002422702 Release Date: 12/11/2015   Number of Discs: 111
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Maurice Ravel,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh,  Sviatoslav Richter,  Martha Argerich  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Daniel Barenboim,  Lorin Maazel,  Franz Konwitschny  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Amadeus Quartet,  Orchestre de Paris  ... 
    CD: $312.49
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  • 2.
    New Year's Concert - The Complete Works
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 503203 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 23
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Carlos Kleiber,  Riccardo Muti,  Seiji Ozawa  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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    CD: $76.99
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  • 3.
    The Most Beautiful Johann Strauss Waltzes
    Label: Tuxedo Music   Catalog: 1073 Release Date: 06/02/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Eduard Strauss
    CD: $13.99
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  • 4.
    Legendary Moments from the New Year's Concerts Vol 2
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 307491 Release Date: 01/06/2015   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Lanner,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber,  Zubin Mehta,  Lorin Maazel,  Mariss Jansons  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 5.
    Decca - Vienna Philharmonic - The Orchestral Edition
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002227902 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 65
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Tom Krause,  Werner Krenn,  Elly Ameling,  Werner Tripp  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Herbert von Karajan,  Karl Münchinger,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Singverein  ... 
    CD: $174.49
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  • 6.
    Karajan - 1980s
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002187902 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 78
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Anton Bruckner,  Johannes Brahms,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Performer:  David Bell,  José Van Dam,  Barbara Hendricks,  Gösta Winbergh  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Domenico Bartolucci
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein  ... 
    CD: $235.99
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  • 7.
    Phase 4 Stereo - Stereo Concert Series
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002188302 Release Date: 10/27/2014   Number of Discs: 41
    Composer:  John Philip Sousa,  Charles A. Zimmerman,  Francis S. Van Boskerck,  George Norton  ... 
    Performer:  Stanley Black,  David Parkhouse,  Alan Loveday,  Robert Merrill  ... 
    Conductor:  Rodney Bashford,  Stanley Black,  Bernard Herrmann,  Edward Downes  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Grenadier Guards Band,  London Festival Orchestra,  London Festival Recording Ensemble  ... 
    CD: $162.49
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  • 8.
    Karajan: Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Brahms, R. Strauss, Opera Arias - 1946-1949
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 633618 Release Date: 04/08/2014   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Leopold Wlach,  Julius Patzak,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Elisabeth Höngen  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Friends of Music Chorus
    CD: $69.99
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  • 9.
    New Year's Concert 2014 / Daniel Barenboim, Vienna Philharmonic [Blu-ray]
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88883792299 Release Date: 02/04/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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    Blu-ray Video: $17.99
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  • 10.
    New Year's Concert 2014 / Daniel Barenboim, Vienna Philharmonic [DVD]
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88883792289 Release Date: 02/04/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $14.99
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  • 11.
    New Year's Concert 2014 / Daniel Barenboim, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 301564 Release Date: 01/07/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $16.99
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  • 12.
    Bruno Walter: Overtures And Waltzes (1929-1938)
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2106 Release Date: 12/10/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Bedrich Smetana,  Carl Maria von Weber  ... 
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 13.
    Decca Sound - The Analogue Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001934702 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 54
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Anton Bruckner,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Pascal Rogé,  Dame Joan Sutherland,  Marilyn Horne,  Luciano Pavarotti  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Sir Georg Solti,  Bernard Haitink,  Horst Stein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $174.49
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  • 14.
    Best Of Pops / Arthur Fiedler, Boston Pops Orchestra
    Label: Dynamic   Catalog: 3580 Release Date: 07/02/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Jacob Gade,  Leroy Anderson,  Victor Young,  Meredith Willson  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
    On sale! $29.95
    CD: $25.99
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  • 15.
    Ein Straussfest
    Label: Lim   Catalog: 64 Release Date: 01/15/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops
    On sale! $42.98
    CD: $37.99
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  • 16.
    Legendary Moments from the New Year's Concerts
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 795206 Release Date: 01/04/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Lanner  ... 
    Performer:  Kathleen Battle,  Lorin Maazel,  Werner Hink
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber,  Herbert von Karajan,  Lorin Maazel,  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $16.99
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  • 17.
    Hans Knappertsbusch Conducts The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra: Berlioz, Schubert, Strauss
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2386 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Otto Nicolai,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Karel Komzak II  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $15.98
    CD: $12.99
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  • 18.
    Strauss Family: Favourite Dances
    Label: Marco Polo   Catalog: 8225353 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Johannes Wildner
    CD: $17.99
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  • 19.
    Karajan - 1960s
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001684302 Release Date: 06/26/2012   Number of Discs: 82
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Performer:  Shura Cherkassky,  Hilde Rössl-Majdan,  Wilma Lipp,  Anton Dermota  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Hans Priem-Bergrath
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $325.49
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  • 20.
    Ballroom Classics / Willi Boskovsky, Wiener Johann Strauss Orchester
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 56571 Release Date: 04/10/2012   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $49.99
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  • 21.
    Tunes From Toons / United States Military Bands
    Label: Altissimo   Catalog: ALT55922 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johannes Brahms,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  William [Tenor Vocal] Jones
    Conductor:  Ralph M. Gambone,  Albert Schoepper,  Larry H. Lang,  William F. Santelmann  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  United States Navy Band,  United States Marine Band,  United States Air Force Heritage of America Band
    CD: $17.99
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  • 22.
    Label: Collector's Classics   Catalog: 21681 Release Date: 05/24/2011   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Martha Ohlson,  Emil Sjögren,  Wilhelm Stenhammar,  Erik Gustaf Geijer  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Ohlson,  Emil Sjögren,  Wilhelm Stenhammar,  John Forsell  ... 
    Conductor:  Erik Tuxen,  Sixten Ehrling,  Sten Frykberg,  Adolf Wiklund  ... 
    CD: $64.49
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  • 23.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Complete Orchestral Edition [52-CD Set]
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8505226 Release Date: 04/26/2011   Number of Discs: 52
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Robert Schumann,  Olga Smirnitzkaja
    Performer:  Jozef Sikora,  Regina Jauslin,  Viktor Simcisko,  Katarína Vavreková  ... 
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter,  Richard Edlinger,  Oliver Dohnányi,  Johannes Wildner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Polish National Philharmonic Orchestra Katowice,  Bratislava Slovak State Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    Recommendation
    CD: $148.99
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  • 24.
    Strauss Collection - Early Recordings On 78s (1901-1951)
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 1006/13 Release Date: 04/12/2011   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Spoken Word,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Irene Eisinger,  Dajos Bela,  Barnabas Von Geczy,  Marcella Sembrich  ... 
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss,  Howard Barlow,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Harry Horlick  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kölner Klavier-Trio
    Recommendation
    On sale! $155.98
    CD: $107.49
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  • 25.
    Kaiserwalzer - Strauss Family: Orchestral Works / Fricsay
    Label: Dg Musikfest   Catalog: 427217 Release Date: 12/08/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bratislava Radio Symphony Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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