Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.

Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna on Read more October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.

His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.

Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.

In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.

Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less

Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Haider, Mikolaj, Reiss, Edelmann, Holecek
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Capriccio Records  
Catalog: 5167   Number of Discs: 2
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Karajan: Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Brahms, R. Strauss, Opera Arias - 1946-1949
Release Date: 04/08/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 633618   Number of Discs: 10
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Karajan 1951-1960: Mozart, Schubert, Brahms, Strauss, Wagner
Release Date: 05/13/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 633623   Number of Discs: 12
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Work: Artist's Life (Künstlerleben)

Browse 26-50 of 82 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    The Cleveland Orchestra At Carnegie Hall
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2056578 Release Date: 10/30/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz von Suppé
    Performer:  Dorothea Röschmann,  Leif Ove Andsnes
    Conductor:  Franz Welser-Möst
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 27.
    André Rieu - Live In New York At Radio City Music Hall
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17658 Release Date: 09/04/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  George Frideric Handel,  Andrew Lloyd Webber,  John Philip Sousa  ... 
    Performer:  André Rieu
    Conductor:  André Rieu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra,  Johann Strauss Chorus,  Harlem Gospel Choir
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  • 28.
    New Year's Concert Of Postage Stamps / Angerer, Et Al
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 246 Release Date: 05/08/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Paul Angerer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Concilium Musicum
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  • 29.
    Gemini - J. Strauss Ii: 19 Waltzes / Willi Boskovsky
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 81524 Release Date: 04/24/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
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  • 30.
    The Never Ending Waltz / Kunzel, Cincinnati Pops Orchestra
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80668 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Léo Delibes,  Léon Fyodorovich Minkus  ... 
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops
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  • 31.
    Original Masters - Karajan - The First Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 689602 Release Date: 08/08/2006   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin,  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra  ... 
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  • 32.
    Johann Strauss Ii Piano Transcriptions / Doris Adam
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 28064 Release Date: 06/06/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Doris Adam
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  • 33.
    2006 New Year's Concert / Jansons, Vienna Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4775566 Release Date: 03/14/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 34.
    New Year's Concert 2006 / Jansons, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000601909 Release Date: 03/14/2006  
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 35.
    The Strauss You Love
    Label: Vox Classics   Catalog: 97016 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
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  • 36.
    J. Strauss: Waltzes / Kreizberg, Vienna Symphony
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186052 Release Date: 02/21/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Yakov Kreizberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 37.
    Strauss Family - Waltzes & Polkas Vol 2 / Clemens Krauss
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 7011 Release Date: 01/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 38.
    The Very Best Of Johann Strauss Jr.
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8552115-16 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
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  • 39.
    Strauss Waltz Gala / Dorati, Fiedler, London Philharmonic, Boston Pops Orchestra
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4767864 Release Date: 09/11/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Boston Pops
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  • 40.
    Strauss Highlights Vol 2 / Alt Wiener Strauss Ensemble
    Label: Edition Hera   Catalog: 2002 Release Date: 06/28/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Eduard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Arthur Kulling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Old Vienna Strauss Ensemble
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  • 41.
    New Year's Concert In Vienna 1989 / Carlos Kleiber, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000384209 Release Date: 01/11/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 42.
    The Millennium Collection - The Boston Pops
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000306002 Release Date: 08/03/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francis Lai,  John Philip Sousa,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Karol,  André Come
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler,  John T. Williams
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
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  • 43.
    Johann Strauss II: Waltzes, Polkas, etc / Tovey, et al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 5856332 Release Date: 02/03/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Bramwell Tovey,  Bryden Thomson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra
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  • 44.
    Johann Strauss II: Waltzes / Willi Boskovsky
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75239 Release Date: 01/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
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  • 45.
    For Your Life - For A Stormy Night
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000123412 Release Date: 10/14/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Gershwin,  Maurice Ravel,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  James Levine,  Monica Huggett,  John Holloway,  Martin Lovett  ... 
    Conductor:  James Levine,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Arthur Fiedler,  Christopher Hogwood  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra,  Boston Pops  ... 
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  • 46.
    Johann Strauss II - Transcriptions / Vienna String Quartet
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 583 Release Date: 01/28/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna String Quartet
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  • 47.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Ferenc Fricsay
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75109 Release Date: 06/04/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Paul Hindemith  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 48.
    New Year's Concert 2002 / Seiji Ozawa, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 468999 Release Date: 01/07/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  J. "Pepi" Hellmesberger
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 49.
    Piano Masters - Karol Szreter - Beethoven, Liszt, Et Al
    Label: Pearl   Catalog: 146 Release Date: 09/25/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Edvard Grieg,  Emil Von Sauer,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Karol Szreter
    Conductor:  Otto Dobrindt,  Frieder Weissmann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
    CD: $34.49
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  • 50.
    Emperor Waltz / Karajan, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90455 Release Date: 07/31/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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