Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less
Johann Strauss II at the Opera
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 578287   Number of Discs: 1
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Prima Voce - Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Krauss, Patzak, Guden, Wagner, Gedda, Et Al
Release Date: 01/13/2009   Label: Nimbus  
Catalog: 7954   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss In Vienna - Famous Waltzes, Etc / Quintett Wien
Release Date: 01/27/1998   Label: Nimbus  
Catalog: 5542   Number of Discs: 1
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J. Strauss: Open Road / John Charles Thomas
Release Date: 03/13/2012   Label: Nimbus  
Catalog: 1542   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Voices of Spring (Frühlingsstimmen)

Browse 76-100 of 142 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Best Of New Year's Concert / Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000166302 Release Date: 12/09/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa,  Herbert von Karajan,  Lorin Maazel,  Claudio Abbado  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 77.
    J. Strauss Jr: Waltzes, Polkas, Overtures / Immerseel, Et Al
    Label: Zig Zag   Catalog: 20601 Release Date: 12/09/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Jos van Immerseel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Anima Eterna Orchestra
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  • 78.
    Strauss J: World Of Johann Strauss
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 430501 Release Date: 09/16/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 79.
    Prima Voce - Maria Barrientos (1884-1946)
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7908 Release Date: 09/02/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Heinrich Proch,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Riccardo Stracciari,  Maria Barrientos,  Charles Francis Hackett,  Jeanne Gordon
    Conductor:  Giorgio Polacco
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 80.
    Original Masters - Ferenc Fricsay - A Life In Music
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000085402 Release Date: 08/12/2003   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Maureen Forrester,  Rudolf Schulz,  Margrit Weber,  Ernst Haefliger  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 81.
    Great Voices Of The Past - Light Opera Gems
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 8015 Release Date: 07/01/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Franz Lehár,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Gino Bechi,  Ezio Pinza,  Maria Reining,  Amelita Galli-Curci  ... 
    Conductor:  Franz Lehár,  Percy Pitt,  Carlo Sabajno
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  • 82.
    Strauss: Waltzes And Polkas /Ormandy, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 87281 Release Date: 04/01/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 83.
    The Four Seasons - A Musical Calendar Of Favorite Classics
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 469376 Release Date: 01/13/2003   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Alexander Glazunov,  Astor Piazzolla,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Leroy Anderson  ... 
    Performer:  Patrick Gallois,  Göran Söllscher,  Dino Ciani,  Jörg Demus  ... 
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet,  Claudio Abbado,  Lorin Maazel,  Arthur Fiedler  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Boston Pops  ... 
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  • 84.
    Gielen Edition
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93080 Release Date: 09/24/2002   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Michael Gielen,  Eduard Steuermann  ... 
    Performer:  Christiane Oelze,  Melanie Diener,  John Bröcheler,  Stefan Litwin
    Conductor:  Michael Gielen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Anton Webern Choir Freiburg,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 85.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Felicie Huni-mihacsek
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89546 Release Date: 02/26/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Gounod,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Felicie Hüni-Mihacsek
    Conductor:  Johannes Heidenreich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 86.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Erna Berger Vol 3
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89537 Release Date: 10/30/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Erna Berger,  George Schick,  David Oppenheim,  Oscar Shumsky
    Conductor:  Josef Krips
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 87.
    On The Beautiful Blue Danube, Etc / Andre Rieu, Et Al
    Label: Koch International Classics   Catalog: 7534 Release Date: 10/23/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  André Rieu
    Conductor:  André Rieu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
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  • 88.
    Piano Masters - Karol Szreter - Beethoven, Liszt, Et Al
    Label: Pearl   Catalog: 146 Release Date: 09/25/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Edvard Grieg,  Emil Von Sauer,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Karol Szreter
    Conductor:  Otto Dobrindt,  Frieder Weissmann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Werke Der Familie Strauss / Ensemble 11
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 594 Release Date: 07/31/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble 11
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  • 90.
    J. Strauss Jr: Favorite Waltzes / Willi Boskovsky, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics Double Fforte   Catalog: 74311 Release Date: 07/03/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Rudi Knabl
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
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  • 91.
    The Monet Collection - The Romance Collection
    Label: Lifestyles   Catalog: 315015 Release Date: 05/01/2001   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  César Franck,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  George Vachnadze,  Albina Shikshniute,  Valentinas Gelgotas
    Conductor:  Vakhtang Kakhidze,  Jansug Kakhidze,  Jean-Yves Gaudin,  Sergei Beliakov  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tbilisi Symphony Orchestra,  Jadoni Festival Orchestra,  Lithuanian Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $20.94
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  • 92.
    Eloquence - Strauss: Waltzes /Boskovsky, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 467413 Release Date: 03/27/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 93.
    Label: Direct Source   Catalog: 30702 Release Date: 11/14/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Franz Schubert,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
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  • 94.
    Viennafest - The Music Of Lehar, Lanner, Etc / Kunzel, Etc
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80547 Release Date: 10/24/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Emmerich Kálmán,  Franz Lehár,  Rudolf Sieczynski,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Tracy Dahl
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops
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  • 95.
    Strauss: Kaiser Waltzer, Etc / Karajan, Et Al
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469211 Release Date: 09/26/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  René Kollo,  Evi List,  Julia Varády  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber,  Karl Böhm,  Willi Boskovsky,  Lorin Maazel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Bavarian State Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Strauss Jr. - Super Hits - Waltzes And Polkas
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 89269 Release Date: 08/08/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
    CD not available
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  • 97.
    Arias, Mélodies / Clara Clairbert
    Label: Cypres   Catalog: 3614 Release Date: 11/19/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  Luigi Arditi,  Julius Benedict,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Clara Clairbert
    Conductor:  Albert Wolff,  Manfred Gurlitt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
    CD: $30.99
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  • 98.
    A Tribute To Johann Strauss - Echoes From Vienna / Sumi Jo
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 25500 Release Date: 11/09/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Sumi Jo
    Conductor:  Rudolf Bibl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
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  • 99.
    Johann Strauss, Jr: 100 Of His Best Compositions
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501004 Release Date: 10/01/1999   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter,  Oliver Dohnányi,  Michael Dittrich,  Christian Pollack  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 100.
    Johann Strauss In Berlin / Nikolaus Harnoncourt, Berlin Po
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 24489 Release Date: 09/21/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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