Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less

Work: Voices of Spring (Frühlingsstimmen)

Browse 76-100 of 120 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    The Four Seasons - A Musical Calendar Of Favorite Classics
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 469376 Release Date: 01/13/2003   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Alexander Glazunov,  Astor Piazzolla,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Leroy Anderson  ... 
    Performer:  Patrick Gallois,  Göran Söllscher,  Dino Ciani,  Jörg Demus  ... 
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet,  Claudio Abbado,  Lorin Maazel,  Arthur Fiedler  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Boston Pops  ... 
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  • 77.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Felicie Huni-mihacsek
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89546 Release Date: 02/26/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Gounod,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Felicie Hüni-Mihacsek
    Conductor:  Johannes Heidenreich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 78.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Erna Berger Vol 3
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89537 Release Date: 10/30/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Erna Berger,  George Schick,  David Oppenheim,  Oscar Shumsky
    Conductor:  Josef Krips
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
    On sale! $19.98
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  • 79.
    On The Beautiful Blue Danube, Etc / Andre Rieu, Et Al
    Label: Koch International Classics   Catalog: 7534 Release Date: 10/23/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  André Rieu
    Conductor:  André Rieu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
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  • 80.
    Piano Masters - Karol Szreter - Beethoven, Liszt, Et Al
    Label: Pearl   Catalog: 146 Release Date: 09/25/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Edvard Grieg,  Emil Von Sauer,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Karol Szreter
    Conductor:  Otto Dobrindt,  Frieder Weissmann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
    On sale! $34.98
    CD: $31.49
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  • 81.
    Werke Der Familie Strauss / Ensemble 11
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 594 Release Date: 07/31/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble 11
    On sale! $25.98
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  • 82.
    The Monet Collection - The Romance Collection
    Label: Lifestyles   Catalog: 315015 Release Date: 05/01/2001   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  César Franck,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  George Vachnadze,  Albina Shikshniute,  Valentinas Gelgotas
    Conductor:  Vakhtang Kakhidze,  Jansug Kakhidze,  Jean-Yves Gaudin,  Sergei Beliakov  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tbilisi Symphony Orchestra,  Jadoni Festival Orchestra,  Lithuanian Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $20.94
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  • 83.
    Eloquence - Strauss: Waltzes /Boskovsky, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 467413 Release Date: 03/27/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 84.
    Label: Direct Source   Catalog: 30702 Release Date: 11/14/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Franz Schubert,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
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  • 85.
    Viennafest - The Music Of Lehar, Lanner, Etc / Kunzel, Etc
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80547 Release Date: 10/24/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Emmerich Kálmán,  Franz Lehár,  Rudolf Sieczynski,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Tracy Dahl
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops
    CD: $11.99
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  • 86.
    Arias, Mélodies / Clara Clairbert
    Label: Cypres   Catalog: 3614 Release Date: 11/19/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  Luigi Arditi,  Julius Benedict,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Clara Clairbert
    Conductor:  Albert Wolff,  Manfred Gurlitt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
    On sale! $29.98
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  • 87.
    A Tribute To Johann Strauss - Echoes From Vienna / Sumi Jo
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 25500 Release Date: 11/09/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Sumi Jo
    Conductor:  Rudolf Bibl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Johann Strauss In Berlin / Nikolaus Harnoncourt, Berlin Po
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 24489 Release Date: 09/21/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Prima Voce - Marcella Sembrich
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7901 Release Date: 06/15/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Traditional,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Pauline Viardot  ... 
    Performer:  Marcella Sembrich,  Frank La Forge,  Darius Lyons,  Emilio de Gogorza  ... 
    Conductor:  Walter Rogers
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  • 90.
    Historische Neujahrskonzerte / Clemens Krauss, Vienna PO
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90336 Release Date: 04/20/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $46.98
    CD: $35.99
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  • 91.
    Angelic Voices - The Best Of The Vienna Boys' Choir
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 462778 Release Date: 01/12/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Carlos Jobim,  Quirino Mendoza y Cortez,  José Fernández Díaz,  Daniel Aloymias Robles  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Marschik,  Max Emanuel Cencic,  Roman Ortner,  Alfred Halbartschlager  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Marschik,  Uwe Christian Harrer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Boys' Choir,  Vienna Chamber Orchestra,  Chorus Viennensis  ... 
    CD: $15.99
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  • 92.
    J. Strauss - The Best Of Vienna
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 459730 Release Date: 01/12/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Lorin Maazel,  Claudio Abbado,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $16.99
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  • 93.
    New Year's Concert Vienna 1987 / Karajan, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 45985 Release Date: 12/08/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Kathleen Battle
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $11.99
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  • 94.
    Vocalises / Natalie Dessay, Schönwandt, Berliner Sinfonie
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56565 Release Date: 06/02/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Léo Delibes,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Natalie Dessay
    Conductor:  Michael Schonwandt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $19.99
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  • 95.
    Cinema Classics 1998 - Titanic, La Confidential, Etc
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 551182 Release Date: 05/12/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Frédéric Chopin,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Idil Biret,  Miriam Gauci,  Jénö Jandó,  Luba Orgonasova  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Halász,  Oliver Dohnányi,  Alexander Rahbari,  Jaroslav Dvorák  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zagreb Festival Orchestra,  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra,  Brussels Belgian Radio & TV Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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  • 96.
    Walzer & Arien / Rita Streich, Gaebel, Rso Berlin
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 457729 Release Date: 04/14/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Alexander Alyabyev,  Josef Strauss,  Luigi Arditi  ... 
    Performer:  Rita Streich
    Conductor:  Kurt Gaebel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 97.
    André Rieu In Concert
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 534266 Release Date: 03/17/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  André Rieu,  Robert Stolz,  G. Peter  ... 
    Performer:  Marcel Falize,  Frédéric Jenniges
    Conductor:  André Rieu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Netherlands
    CD: $16.99
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  • 98.
    Phase 4 Stereo - The Blue Danube / Fiedler, Boston Pops
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455154 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
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  • 99.
    The Strauss Family: Waltzes, Polkas & Marches / Boskovsky
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455254 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $47.98
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  • 100.
    The Best Of Operetta Vol 1
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550941 Release Date: 02/04/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár,  Emmerich Kálmán
    Performer:  János Berkes,  Zsuzsa Csonka,  Ingrid Kertesi
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter,  László Kovács
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice,  Hungarian Operetta Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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Johann Strauss Jr.