Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.

Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna on Read more October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.

His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.

Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.

In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.

Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less

Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Haider, Mikolaj, Reiss, Edelmann, Holecek
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Capriccio Records  
Catalog: 5167   Number of Discs: 2
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Karajan: Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Brahms, R. Strauss, Opera Arias - 1946-1949
Release Date: 04/08/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 633618   Number of Discs: 10
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Karajan 1951-1960: Mozart, Schubert, Brahms, Strauss, Wagner
Release Date: 05/13/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 633623   Number of Discs: 12
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Work: Voices of Spring (Frühlingsstimmen)

Browse 51-75 of 143 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Rita Streich Sings Immortal Melodies
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000818602 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Luigi Arditi,  Franz von Suppé  ... 
    Performer:  Rita Streich
    Conductor:  Kurt Gaebel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Chamber Chorus
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  • 52.
    New Year's Concert In Vienna 1987 / Karajan, Battle, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000816702 Release Date: 02/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Kathleen Battle
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 53.
    Elisabeth Schwazkopf - 1915-2006
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 80273 Release Date: 01/16/2007   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss,  Walter Gieseking  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Grümmer,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Geoffrey Parsons,  Walter Gieseking  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Alceo Galliera,  Thurston Dart,  Josef Krips  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $34.99
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  • 54.
    Natalie Dessay - Greatest Moments On Stage
    Label: Erato (Dvd)   Catalog: 63339 Release Date: 01/16/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jacques Offenbach,  Leonard Bernstein,  Richard Strauss,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Natalie Dessay
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  • 55.
    Natalie Dessay - The Miracle Of The Voice
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 63332 Release Date: 01/16/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Leonard Bernstein,  Cootie Williams,  Philippe Rombi  ... 
    Performer:  Natalie Dessay,  André Ceccarelli,  Rosario Bonaccorso,  Yvan Cassar  ... 
    Conductor:  James Conlon,  Sir Andrew Davis,  Philippe Rombi,  Michael Schonwandt  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Paris Opera Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 56.
    Ignaz Friedman: Piano Works & Transcriptions / Froundjian
    Label: Etcetera Records   Catalog: 1117 Release Date: 10/01/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ignaz Friedman,  Gustav Mahler,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Peter Froundjian
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  • 57.
    Johann Strauss Ii Piano Transcriptions / Doris Adam
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 28064 Release Date: 06/06/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Doris Adam
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  • 58.
    Selma Kurz Vol 1 - Dinorah, Lakmé, Etc
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 10133 Release Date: 04/27/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Daniel-François Auber,  Giacomo Meyerbeer,  Léo Delibes,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Performer:  Selma Kurz,  Vasa Prihoda
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  • 59.
    2006 New Year's Concert / Jansons, Vienna Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4775566 Release Date: 03/14/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 60.
    New Year's Concert 2006 / Jansons, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000601909 Release Date: 03/14/2006  
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 61.
    The Strauss You Love
    Label: Vox Classics   Catalog: 97016 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
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  • 62.
    New Year's Concert - 1954 / Clemens Krauss, Et Al
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 7006/07 Release Date: 11/29/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 63.
    The Very Best Of Johann Strauss Jr.
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8552115-16 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
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  • 64.
    All Time Favorite Strauss Waltzes
    Label: Kado   Catalog: 20050 Release Date: 10/04/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Theater Symphony Orchestra
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  • 65.
    Strauss Waltz Gala / Dorati, Fiedler, London Philharmonic, Boston Pops Orchestra
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4767864 Release Date: 09/11/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Boston Pops
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  • 66.
    Brahms, Schumann, Schubert / Vienna Trombone Quartet
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 28049 Release Date: 08/30/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Dietmar Küblböck,  Erik Hainzl,  Otmar Gaiswinkler,  Wolfgang Pfistermüller
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Trombone Quartet
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  • 67.
    Mary Lewis - The Golden Haired Soprano
    Label: Marston   Catalog: 52047 Release Date: 07/12/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Léo Delibes,  Gioachino Rossini,  Ruggero Leoncavallo  ... 
    Performer:  Mary Lewis
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  • 68.
    Danzas Y Ballets - A Través De Los Tiempos
    Label: Yoyo   Catalog: 59401 Release Date: 04/26/2005   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Amilcare Ponchielli,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Charles Gounod,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Festival Orchestra
    On sale! $31.98
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  • 69.
    Strauss Family: Waltzes & Polkas, Vol 1/ Clemens Kraus,Et Al
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 7008 Release Date: 04/26/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 70.
    New Year's Concert In Vienna 1989 / Carlos Kleiber, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000384209 Release Date: 01/11/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Living Voices - Maria Cebotari Sings Mozart, Verdi, Et Al
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 94502 Release Date: 08/01/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Cebotari
    CD: $17.99
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  • 72.
    Schubert: Symphony No 9; Johann Strauss Jr. / Gielen
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93057 Release Date: 08/01/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Michael Gielen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 73.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Adele Kern
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89586 Release Date: 03/30/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Ambroise Thomas,  Karl Gottfried Taubert  ... 
    Performer:  Adele Kern,  Elfriede Marherr-Wagner,  Elisabeth Ohms
    Conductor:  Alois Melichar,  Frieder Weissmann,  Hermann Weigert,  Julius Prüwer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Berlin City Opera Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Johann Strauss II: Waltzes, Polkas, etc / Tovey, et al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 5856332 Release Date: 02/03/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Bramwell Tovey,  Bryden Thomson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Johann Strauss II: Waltzes / Willi Boskovsky
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75239 Release Date: 01/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
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