Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less
Prima Voce - Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Krauss, Patzak, Guden, Wagner, Gedda, Et Al
Release Date: 01/13/2009   Label: Nimbus  
Catalog: 7954   Number of Discs: 2
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J. Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Previn, Te Kanawa, Gruberova
Release Date: 11/08/1991   Label: Philips  
Catalog: 432157   Number of Discs: 2
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Johann Strauss - Dance And Dream
Release Date: 10/18/2005   Label: Euroarts  
Catalog: 2054248   Number of Discs: 1
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J. Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Janowitz, Wächter, Böhm
Release Date: 01/08/2008   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 001038309   Number of Discs: 1
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J. Strauss, Jr.: Die Fledermaus / Wildner, Fontana, Et Al
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8660017-18   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Voices of Spring (Frühlingsstimmen)

Browse 26-50 of 138 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Berlitz Passport - The Music Of Austria
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 47284 Release Date: 12/01/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Franz Lehár,  Roman Hoffstetter  ... 
    Performer:  Pinchas Zukerman
    Conductor:  Andre Kostelanetz,  Leonard Bernstein,  George Szell,  Eugene Ormandy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Andre Kostelanetz Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  Cleveland Orchestra  ... 
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  • 27.
    Strictly Waltz
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 2564687054 Release Date: 10/05/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
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  • 28.
    The Emperor Waltz - Ormandy Conducts Viennese Favorites
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 38115 Release Date: 09/24/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 29.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Selma Kurz Vol 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89717 Release Date: 07/14/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Selma Kurz
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  • 30.
    Festival Of The Primadonnas
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 8025 Release Date: 06/30/2009   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Arrigo Boito,  Giacomo Puccini,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Renata Tebaldi,  Ljuba Welitsch,  Maria Callas,  Astrid Varnay  ... 
    Conductor:  Tullio Serafin,  Max Rudolf,  Hermann Weigert,  Wilhelm Schüchter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $29.99
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  • 31.
    Johann Strauss: Waltzes, Polkas & Overtures
    Label: Zig Zag   Catalog: 2020601 Release Date: 06/30/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Jos van Immerseel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Anima Eterna Orchestra
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  • 32.
    Dilbèr - Coloratura Arias / Klas, Estonia Opera Orchestra
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: ODE768 Release Date: 12/16/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Vincenzo Bellini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Meyerbeer,  Léo Delibes  ... 
    Performer:  Dilbèr
    Conductor:  Eri Klas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Estonian Opera Orchestra
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  • 33.
    Filharmonikot Juhlatuulella / Segerstam, Helsinki Philharmonic
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 956 Release Date: 12/16/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mariano Mores,  Luiz Bonfá,  John Philip Sousa,  Hans Christian Lumbye  ... 
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 34.
    An Der Schonen Blauen Donau - Waltzes & Polkas Of The Strauss Family
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 14442 Release Date: 12/03/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Various
    Conductor:  Otmar Suitner,  Manfred Honeck,  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 35.
    Wienerwalzer Paprika / Antal Dorati
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 434338 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Lehár,  Emil Waldteufel,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Hungarica,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra
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  • 36.
    Ultimate Strauss Family - Waltzes, Marches And Polkas / Boskovsky, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001158602 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 37.
    J Strauss, Jr: Waltz Songs / Eva Lind, Vienna Volksoper
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 420246 Release Date: 08/18/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Luigi Arditi,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Eva Lind
    Conductor:  Franz Bauer-Theussl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
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  • 38.
    The Ultimate Most Relaxing Strauss Waltzes In The Universe
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17717 Release Date: 07/15/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Alfred Scholz,  Rudolf Kempe,  Peter Falk,  Carl Michalski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
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  • 39.
    Basics 25-cd Boxset
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 186002 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Georges Bizet,  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
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  • 40.
    Bernstein Favorites - J. Strauss Jr.: Waltzes
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46710 Release Date: 04/07/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 41.
    40 Most Beautiful Spring Classics - Vivaldi, Glazunov, Copland, Etc / Masur, Koopman, Et Al
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 447100 Release Date: 03/25/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Modest Mussorgsky,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Alexander Glazunov  ... 
    Performer:  Marieke Blankestijn,  Sumi Jo,  Barbara Bonney,  Viktoria Postnikova  ... 
    Conductor:  James Conlon,  Kurt Masur,  Zubin Mehta,  Hugh Wolff  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra,  Chamber Orchestra of Europe,  Royal Scottish National Orchestra  ... 
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  • 42.
    Waltz! / Felix Slatkin, Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Emi Studio   Catalog: 63659 Release Date: 12/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Emil Waldteufel
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 43.
    Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra Plays Strauss 1929 - 1990
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 435335 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber,  Clemens Krauss,  George Szell,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 44.
    Basics - Johann Strauss, Josef Strauss, Et Al / Kempe, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 8570 Release Date: 11/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Manfred Honeck,  Rudolf Kempe,  Otmar Suitner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 45.
    Basics - Voices Of Spring - Suppé, Et Al / Suitner, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 8599 Release Date: 11/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz von Suppé,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Walter Olbertz,  Günther Leib,  Karl Suske,  Peter Schreier  ... 
    Conductor:  Otmar Suitner,  Manfred Honeck,  Carl von Garaguly,  Franz Konwitschny  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra  ... 
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  • 46.
    Gemini - J. Strauss Ii: 19 Waltzes / Willi Boskovsky
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 81524 Release Date: 04/24/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
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  • 47.
    Welcome To Vienna / Beverly Sills, Julius Rudel, London Phil
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 47524 Release Date: 04/24/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Rudolf Sieczynski,  Franz Lehár,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Heuberger  ... 
    Performer:  Beverly Sills
    Conductor:  Julius Rudel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 48.
    Johann Strauss Vater Und Sohn / Zemlinsky Quintett Wien
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 184 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Andrea Krauk,  Kurt Franz Schmid,  Michel Gasciarrino,  Gottfried Pokorny  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zemlinsky Wind Quintet
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  • 49.
    Rita Streich Sings Immortal Melodies
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000818602 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Luigi Arditi,  Franz von Suppé  ... 
    Performer:  Rita Streich
    Conductor:  Kurt Gaebel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Chamber Chorus
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  • 50.
    New Year's Concert In Vienna 1987 / Karajan, Battle, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000816702 Release Date: 02/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Kathleen Battle
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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