Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less

Work: Voices of Spring (Frühlingsstimmen)

Browse 26-50 of 121 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Complete Orchestral Edition [52-CD Set]
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8505226 Release Date: 04/26/2011   Number of Discs: 52
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Robert Schumann,  Olga Smirnitzkaja
    Performer:  Jozef Sikora,  Regina Jauslin,  Viktor Simcisko,  Katarína Vavreková  ... 
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter,  Richard Edlinger,  Oliver Dohnányi,  Johannes Wildner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Polish National Philharmonic Orchestra Katowice,  Bratislava Slovak State Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 27.
    Strauss Collection - Early Recordings On 78s (1901-1951)
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 1006/13 Release Date: 04/12/2011   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Spoken Word,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Irene Eisinger,  Dajos Bela,  Barnabas Von Geczy,  Marcella Sembrich  ... 
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss,  Howard Barlow,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Harry Horlick  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kölner Klavier-Trio
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    CD: $107.49
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  • 28.
    Label: Jennifer Graf   Catalog: 5637696066 Release Date: 11/06/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Zeller,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár,  Oscar Straus  ... 
    Performer:  David Lutz,  Jennifer Graf
    CD: $15.99
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  • 29.
    The Ultimate Operetta Album
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8578037-38 Release Date: 06/29/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár,  Emmerich Kálmán,  Robert Stolz  ... 
    Performer:  Ingrid Kertesi,  János Berkes,  Yvonne Kenny,  Michael Roider  ... 
    Conductor:  Johannes Wildner,  László Kovács,  Richard Bonynge,  Steven Mercurio
    CD: $25.49
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  • 30.
    Edition Ferenc Fricsay Vol 12 - J. Strauss: Waltzes & Polkas
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 95629 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RIAS Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 31.
    Tales From Vienna
    Label: Gramola   Catalog: 98879 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ivan Eröd,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Waltraud Wulz,  Antoinette Van Zabner
    CD: $18.99
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  • 32.
    Johann Strauss: Transcriptions For Piano By Grunfeld, Schutt, Dohnanyi, Schulhof, Schulz-evler
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 4684003 Release Date: 03/08/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Rudolf Buchbinder
    CD: $9.99

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  • 33.
    Berlitz Passport - The Music Of Austria
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 47284 Release Date: 12/01/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Franz Lehár,  Roman Hoffstetter  ... 
    Performer:  Pinchas Zukerman
    Conductor:  Andre Kostelanetz,  Leonard Bernstein,  George Szell,  Eugene Ormandy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Andre Kostelanetz Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  Cleveland Orchestra  ... 
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  • 34.
    The Emperor Waltz - Ormandy Conducts Viennese Favorites
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 38115 Release Date: 09/24/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 35.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Selma Kurz Vol 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89717 Release Date: 07/14/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Selma Kurz
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  • 36.
    Festival Of The Primadonnas
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 8025 Release Date: 06/30/2009   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Arrigo Boito,  Giacomo Puccini,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Renata Tebaldi,  Ljuba Welitsch,  Maria Callas,  Astrid Varnay  ... 
    Conductor:  Tullio Serafin,  Max Rudolf,  Hermann Weigert,  Wilhelm Schüchter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $29.99
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  • 37.
    Johann Strauss: Waltzes, Polkas & Overtures
    Label: Zig Zag   Catalog: 2020601 Release Date: 06/30/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Jos van Immerseel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Anima Eterna Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 38.
    Dilbčr - Coloratura Arias / Klas, Estonia Opera Orchestra
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: ODE768 Release Date: 12/16/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Vincenzo Bellini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Meyerbeer,  Léo Delibes  ... 
    Performer:  Dilbčr
    Conductor:  Eri Klas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Estonian Opera Orchestra
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  • 39.
    Filharmonikot Juhlatuulella / Segerstam, Helsinki Philharmonic
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 956 Release Date: 12/16/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mariano Mores,  Luiz Bonfá,  John Philip Sousa,  Hans Christian Lumbye  ... 
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 40.
    An Der Schonen Blauen Donau - Waltzes & Polkas Of The Strauss Family
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 14442 Release Date: 12/03/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Various
    Conductor:  Otmar Suitner,  Manfred Honeck,  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle
    CD: $9.99
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  • 41.
    Wienerwalzer Paprika / Antal Dorati
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 434338 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Lehár,  Emil Waldteufel,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Hungarica,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra
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  • 42.
    Ultimate Strauss Family - Waltzes, Marches And Polkas / Boskovsky, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001158602 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 43.
    J Strauss, Jr: Waltz Songs / Eva Lind, Vienna Volksoper
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 420246 Release Date: 08/18/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Luigi Arditi,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Eva Lind
    Conductor:  Franz Bauer-Theussl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 44.
    The Ultimate Most Relaxing Strauss Waltzes In The Universe
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17717 Release Date: 07/15/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Alfred Scholz,  Rudolf Kempe,  Peter Falk,  Carl Michalski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 45.
    Basics 25-cd Boxset
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 186002 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Georges Bizet,  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    CD: $98.99
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  • 46.
    Bernstein Favorites - J. Strauss Jr.: Waltzes
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46710 Release Date: 04/07/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 47.
    40 Most Beautiful Spring Classics - Vivaldi, Glazunov, Copland, Etc / Masur, Koopman, Et Al
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 447100 Release Date: 03/25/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Franz Schubert,  Frederick Delius  ... 
    Performer:  Viktoria Postnikova,  Soile Isokoski,  Marita Viitasalo,  Annie d'Arco  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis,  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Rudolf Bibl,  Giovanni Antonini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  Instrumental Ensemble,  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $14.99
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  • 48.
    Waltz! / Felix Slatkin, Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Emi Studio   Catalog: 63659 Release Date: 12/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Emil Waldteufel
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 49.
    Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra Plays Strauss 1929 - 1990
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 435335 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber,  Clemens Krauss,  George Szell,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $29.98
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  • 50.
    Basics - Johann Strauss, Josef Strauss, Et Al / Kempe, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 8570 Release Date: 11/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Manfred Honeck,  Rudolf Kempe,  Otmar Suitner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle
    CD: $9.99
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Johann Strauss Jr.