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Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less
Johann Strauss II at the Opera
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 578287   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss Johann: Most Famous Waltzes
Release Date: 06/30/1992   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550152   Number of Discs: 1
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Johann Strauss Jr.: Simplicius / Welser-Most, Volle, Zysset, Widmer
Release Date: 11/18/2014   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 100365   Number of Discs: 1
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J. Strauss Jr.: 100 Most Famous Waltzes, Etc Vol 9
Release Date: 10/26/1999   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 554525   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Famous Waltzes, Polkas, Marches, Overtures Vol 4
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550339   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Voices of Spring (Frühlingsstimmen)

Browse 101-125 of 139 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Historische Neujahrskonzerte / Clemens Krauss, Vienna PO
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90336 Release Date: 04/20/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 102.
    A Viennese New Year - Favourite Waltzes, Polkas, Etc
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 554466/67 Release Date: 03/09/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Michael Dittrich,  Ondrej Lenárd,  Johannes Wildner,  Ernst Märzendorfer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bratislava Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bratislava Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice  ... 
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  • 103.
    Angelic Voices - The Best Of The Vienna Boys' Choir
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 462778 Release Date: 01/12/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Carlos Jobim,  Quirino Mendoza y Cortez,  José Fernández Díaz,  Daniel Aloymias Robles  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Marschik,  Max Emanuel Cencic,  Roman Ortner,  Alfred Halbartschlager  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Marschik,  Uwe Christian Harrer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Boys' Choir,  Vienna Chamber Orchestra,  Chorus Viennensis  ... 
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  • 104.
    J. Strauss - The Best Of Vienna
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 459730 Release Date: 01/12/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Lorin Maazel,  Claudio Abbado,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 105.
    New Year's Concert Vienna 1987 / Karajan, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 45985 Release Date: 12/08/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Kathleen Battle
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 106.
    Vocalises / Natalie Dessay, Schönwandt, Berliner Sinfonie
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56565 Release Date: 06/02/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Léo Delibes,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Natalie Dessay
    Conductor:  Michael Schonwandt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Symphony Orchestra
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  • 107.
    Cinema Classics 1998 - Titanic, La Confidential, Etc
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 551182 Release Date: 05/12/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Frédéric Chopin,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Idil Biret,  Miriam Gauci,  Jénö Jandó,  Luba Orgonasova  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Halász,  Oliver Dohnányi,  Alexander Rahbari,  Jaroslav Dvorák  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zagreb Festival Orchestra,  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra,  Brussels Belgian Radio & TV Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 108.
    Walzer & Arien / Rita Streich, Gaebel, Rso Berlin
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 457729 Release Date: 04/14/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Alexander Alyabyev,  Josef Strauss,  Luigi Arditi  ... 
    Performer:  Rita Streich
    Conductor:  Kurt Gaebel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 109.
    André Rieu In Concert
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 534266 Release Date: 03/17/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  André Rieu,  Robert Stolz,  G. Peter  ... 
    Performer:  Marcel Falize,  Frédéric Jenniges
    Conductor:  André Rieu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Netherlands
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  • 110.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Piano Transcriptions / Scherbakov
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 69704 Release Date: 02/17/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Moritz Rosenthal,  Alfred Grünfeld,  Carl Tausig
    Performer:  Konstantin Scherbakov
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  • 111.
    Phase 4 Stereo - The Blue Danube / Fiedler, Boston Pops
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455154 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
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  • 112.
    The Strauss Family: Waltzes, Polkas & Marches / Boskovsky
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455254 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 113.
    The Best Of Operetta Vol 1
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550941 Release Date: 02/04/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár,  Emmerich Kálmán
    Performer:  János Berkes,  Zsuzsa Csonka,  Ingrid Kertesi
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter,  László Kovács
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice,  Hungarian Operetta Orchestra
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  • 114.
    Clemens Krauss Dirigiert Vol 2 / Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90291 Release Date: 01/21/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Richard Strauss,  Manuel de Falla
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 115.
    J. Strauss Jr. Edition Vol 50 / Christian Pollack, Et Al
    Label: Marco Polo   Catalog: 223276 Release Date: 12/17/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Olga Smirnitzkaja
    Performer:  Marilyn Hill Smith
    Conductor:  Christian Pollack
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bratislava Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 116.
    Dinner For Two - Rachmaninoff, Chopin, Tchaikovsky, Ravel
    Label: Sony Classical Infinity Digital   Catalog: 61979 Release Date: 11/14/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Antonín Dvorák,  Frédéric Chopin,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Shakin,  Daniel Pollack,  Nelly Lee
    Conductor:  Stanislav Gorkovenko,  Alexander Titov,  Jahni Mardjani,  Arnold Kaz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian Radio/TV Orchestra of St. Petersburg,  St. Petersburg New Classical Orchestra,  Georgian Festival Orchestra  ... 
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  • 117.
    An Evening With The Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 68860 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Emil Waldteufel  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Rabin,  Leonard Pennario
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin,  Carmen Dragon,  Miklós Rózsa,  Earl Bernard Murray  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 118.
    Favorite Waltzes / Felix Slatkin, Miklós Rózsa
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 69023 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Iosif Ivanovici,  Emil Waldteufel,  Josef Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin,  Miklós Rózsa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 119.
    J Strauss Jr: Virtuoso Piano Transcriptions
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1019 Release Date: 04/08/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Adolf Schulz-Evler,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Leopold Godowsky
    Performer:  Josef Lhévinne,  Moritz Rosenthal,  David Saperton,  Benno Moiseiwitsch  ... 
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  • 120.
    Art Of Coloratura / Edita Gruberova
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 72831 Release Date: 03/21/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Alyabyev,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Heinrich Proch  ... 
    Performer:  Edita Gruberova
    Conductor:  Kurt Eichhorn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $22.49
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  • 121.
    Strauss: Waltzes / Boskovsky, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 443473 Release Date: 02/14/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Anton Karas
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 122.
    150 Jahre Weiner Philharmoniker - Erich Kleiber
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90115 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Conductor:  George Szell,  Erich Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 123.
    Die Wiener Philharmoniker Auf Dem Weg Zum Neujahrskonzert
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90139 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Carl Michael Ziehrer
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch,  Clemens Krauss,  Bruno Walter,  George Szell  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 124.
    The Strauss Family - Favorite Melodies
    Label: Curb Records   Catalog: 78002 Release Date: 01/24/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Karl Janacik
    Conductor:  Manfred Honeck,  Rudolf Kempe,  Otmar Suitner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 125.
    Strauss - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64063 Release Date: 08/09/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Lazar Gosman,  Eugene Ormandy,  Stanley Black,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tchaikovsky Chamber Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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