Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less
Johann Strauss Ii: Wiener Blut / Bibl, Serafin, Trost
Release Date: 07/10/2015   Label: Archipel  
Catalog: 14   Number of Discs: 1
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Treasures Of Operetta - Ziehrer, Strauss, Etc/ Knight, Et Al
Release Date: 06/29/2004   Label: Chandos Collect  
Catalog: 6689   Number of Discs: 2
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The Strauss Family In London / Georgiadis, London So
Release Date: 06/29/2004   Label: Chandos Collect  
Catalog: 6691   Number of Discs: 1
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Vienna Premiere Vol 1 / Rothstein, Johann Strauss Orchestra
Release Date: 07/06/2009   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 8381   Number of Discs: 1
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Vienna Premieres Vols. 1, 2 & 3 / Rothstein, Johann Strauss Orchestra
Release Date: 07/26/2011   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10684   Number of Discs: 3
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Work: Voices of Spring (Frühlingsstimmen)

Browse 1-25 of 139 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Label: Tuxedo Music   Catalog: 1073 Release Date: 06/02/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
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  • 2.
    Mercury Living Presence - The Collector's Edition Vol 3
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 002275902 Release Date: 03/23/2015   Number of Discs: 53
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Lehár,  Emil Waldteufel,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Rafael Druian,  Georges Miquelle,  Eugene List,  Alfred Mouledous  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski,  Frederick Fennell,  Anatole Fistoulari  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Hungarica  ... 
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  • 3.
    Legendary Moments from the New Year's Concerts Vol 2
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 307491 Release Date: 01/06/2015   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Lanner,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber,  Zubin Mehta,  Lorin Maazel,  Mariss Jansons  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 4.
    Decca - Vienna Philharmonic - The Orchestral Edition
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002227902 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 65
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Tom Krause,  Werner Krenn,  Elly Ameling,  Werner Tripp  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Herbert von Karajan,  Karl Münchinger,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Singverein  ... 
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  • 5.
    Karajan - 1980s
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002187902 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 78
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Anton Bruckner,  Johannes Brahms,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Performer:  David Bell,  José Van Dam,  Barbara Hendricks,  Gösta Winbergh  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Domenico Bartolucci
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein  ... 
    CD: $221.49
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  • 6.
    Phase 4 Stereo - Stereo Concert Series
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002188302 Release Date: 10/27/2014   Number of Discs: 41
    Composer:  John Philip Sousa,  Charles A. Zimmerman,  Francis S. Van Boskerck,  George Norton  ... 
    Performer:  Stanley Black,  David Parkhouse,  Alan Loveday,  Robert Merrill  ... 
    Conductor:  Rodney Bashford,  Stanley Black,  Bernard Herrmann,  Edward Downes  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Grenadier Guards Band,  London Festival Orchestra,  London Festival Recording Ensemble  ... 
    CD: $169.99
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  • 7.
    Ferenc Fricsay: Complete Recordings On Deutsche Grammophon, Vol. 1 - Orchestral Works
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002132602 Release Date: 09/02/2014   Number of Discs: 45
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  César Franck  ... 
    Performer:  Géza Anda,  Tibor Varga,  Helmut Krebs,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 8.
    Famous Waltzes And Marches From Vienna
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 045049 Release Date: 08/29/2014   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  George Gershwin  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert Siebert
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  • 9.
    Famous Waltzes And Marches From Vienna
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 45049 Release Date: 08/29/2014   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  George Gershwin  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert Siebert
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  • 10.
    Johann Strauss / Manfred Honeck, Wiener Symphoniker
    Label: Solo Musica   Catalog: 5 Release Date: 07/08/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Manfred Honeck
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  • 11.
    Strauss: Waltzes; Polkas; Overtures
    Label: Rewind   Catalog: 505 Release Date: 06/24/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Jos van Immerseel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Anima Eterna Orchestra (Bruges)
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  • 12.
    Decca Sound - The Analogue Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001934702 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 54
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Anton Bruckner,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Pascal Rogé,  Dame Joan Sutherland,  Marilyn Horne,  Luciano Pavarotti  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Sir Georg Solti,  Bernard Haitink,  Horst Stein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 13.
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 5198 Release Date: 05/14/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Horacio Nicholls,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Con Conrad,  Arthur Lange  ... 
    Conductor:  Harry Fryer,  Ronnie Munro,  Reg Pursglove,  Harold Collins  ... 
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  • 14.
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    Label: Universal   Catalog: 001800802 Release Date: 03/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  George David Weiss,  André Rieu,  Johann Strauss Sr.  ... 
    Performer:  André Rieu,  Carmen Monarcha,  Carla Maffioletti,  Mirusia Louwerse  ... 
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  • 15.
    Legendary Moments from the New Year's Concerts
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 795206 Release Date: 01/04/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Lanner  ... 
    Performer:  Kathleen Battle,  Lorin Maazel,  Werner Hink
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber,  Herbert von Karajan,  Lorin Maazel,  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 16.
    Essential Ballroom Classics
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 27856 Release Date: 06/05/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Charles Danvers,  Ernie Erdman / Billy Meye  ... 
    Performer:  Julio Oscar Pane,  Raul Garello,  Jose Alberto Giaimo,  Gareth Morris  ... 
    Conductor:  Efrem Kurtz,  Herbert von Karajan,  Willi Boskovsky,  Simon Rattle  ... 
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  • 17.
    Ballroom Classics / Willi Boskovsky, Wiener Johann Strauss Orchester
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 56571 Release Date: 04/10/2012   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $57.98
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  • 18.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Voices Of Spring / Guth, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks   Catalog: 29250 Release Date: 02/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Peter Guth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
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  • 19.
    Essential Johann Strauss II
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 78139 Release Date: 02/07/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Nicolai Gedda,  Rudolf Schock,  Fritz Wunderlich,  Lucia Popp  ... 
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky,  Franz Allers,  Rudolf Kempe,  Fried Walter  ... 
    CD: $13.99
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  • 20.
    Sumi Jo - The Erato Recitals
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 666373 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Vincenzo Bellini,  Léo Delibes,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Meyerbeer  ... 
    Performer:  Sumi Jo,  Anne Maugue,  Vincenzo Scalera,  Michael Davis  ... 
    Conductor:  Paolo Olmi,  Armin Jordan,  Kenneth Montgomery,  Giuliano Carella  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Monte Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra,  Orchestre de Paris Ensemble,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $44.49
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  • 21.
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 828892 Release Date: 11/01/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Jacques Offenbach,  Charles Gounod,  Emil Waldteufel  ... 
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky,  Manuel Rosenthal,  Herbert von Karajan,  Efrem Kurtz  ... 
    CD: $19.99
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  • 22.
    Best Waltzes & Polkas 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 80455 Release Date: 11/01/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Jacques Offenbach,  Charles Gounod,  Léo Delibes  ... 
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky,  Manuel Rosenthal,  Herbert von Karajan,  Jean-Baptiste Mari  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna,  Monte Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $21.99
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  • 23.
    Morning Mood
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 78166 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Frederick Delius,  Antonio Vivaldi,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Georg Hörtnagel,  Elisabeth Leonskaja,  Rudolf Buchbinder  ... 
    Conductor:  Paavo Berglund,  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Herbert von Karajan,  Sir Charles Mackerras  ... 
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  • 24.
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 56028 Release Date: 08/12/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Lew Pollack,  Traditional,  Charles Gounod,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Conductor:  Annuncio Paolo Mantovani
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  • 25.
    Best Strauss Waltzes: Empire Waltz
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 82153 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    CD: $8.99
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Johann Strauss Jr.