Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.

Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna on Read more October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.

His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.

Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.

In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.

Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less

The Strauss Family In London / Georgiadis, London So
Release Date: 06/29/2004   Label: Chandos Collect  
Catalog: 6691   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Haider, Mikolaj, Reiss, Edelmann, Holecek
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Capriccio Records  
Catalog: 5167   Number of Discs: 2
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Vienna Premiere Vol 1 / Rothstein, Johann Strauss Orchestra
Release Date: 07/06/2009   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 8381   Number of Discs: 1
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Vienna Premieres Vols. 1, 2 & 3 / Rothstein, Johann Strauss Orchestra
Release Date: 07/26/2011   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10684   Number of Discs: 3
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Karajan: Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Brahms, R. Strauss, Opera Arias - 1946-1949
Release Date: 04/08/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 633618   Number of Discs: 10
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Work: Voices of Spring (Frühlingsstimmen)

Browse 1-25 of 144 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Decca Sound - The Analogue Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001934702 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 54
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Anton Bruckner,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Pascal Rogé,  Dame Joan Sutherland,  Marilyn Horne,  Luciano Pavarotti  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Sir Georg Solti,  Bernard Haitink,  Horst Stein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $169.98
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  • 2.
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 5198 Release Date: 05/14/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Horacio Nicholls,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Con Conrad,  Arthur Lange  ... 
    Conductor:  Harry Fryer,  Ronnie Munro,  Reg Pursglove,  Harold Collins  ... 
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  • 3.
    Icon
    Label: Universal   Catalog: 001800802 Release Date: 03/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  George Weiss,  André Rieu,  Johann Strauss Sr.  ... 
    Performer:  André Rieu,  Carmen Monarcha,  Carla Maffioletti,  Mirusia Louwerse  ... 
    CD: $8.99
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  • 4.
    Legendary Moments From The New Year's Concerts / Vienna Philharmonic [3 CDs & 1 DVD]
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 795206 Release Date: 01/04/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Lanner  ... 
    Performer:  Kathleen Battle,  Lorin Maazel,  Werner Hink
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber,  Herbert von Karajan,  Lorin Maazel,  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $16.99
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  • 5.
    Essential Ballroom Classics
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 27856 Release Date: 06/05/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Charles Danvers,  Ernie Erdman / Billy Meye  ... 
    Performer:  Jose Alberto Giaimo,  Raul Garello,  Julio Pane,  Gareth Morris  ... 
    Conductor:  Efrem Kurtz,  Herbert von Karajan,  Willi Boskovsky,  Simon Rattle  ... 
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  • 6.
    Ballroom Classics / Willi Boskovsky, Wiener Johann Strauss Orchester
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56571 Release Date: 04/10/2012   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $57.98
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  • 7.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Voices Of Spring / Guth, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks   Catalog: 29250 Release Date: 02/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Peter Guth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 8.
    Essential Johann Strauss II
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 78139 Release Date: 02/07/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Nicolai Gedda,  Rudolf Schock,  Fritz Wunderlich,  Lucia Popp  ... 
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky,  Franz Allers,  Rudolf Kempe,  Fried Walter  ... 
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  • 9.
    Sumi Jo - The Erato Recitals
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 666373 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Vincenzo Bellini,  Léo Delibes,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Meyerbeer  ... 
    Performer:  Sumi Jo,  Anne Maugue,  Vincenzo Scalera,  Michael Davis  ... 
    Conductor:  Paolo Olmi,  Armin Jordan,  Kenneth Montgomery,  Giuliano Carella  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Monte Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra,  Orchestre de Paris Ensemble,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 10.
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 828892 Release Date: 11/01/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Jacques Offenbach,  Charles Gounod,  Emil Waldteufel  ... 
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky,  Manuel Rosenthal,  Herbert von Karajan,  Efrem Kurtz  ... 
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  • 11.
    Best Waltzes & Polkas 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 80455 Release Date: 11/01/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Jacques Offenbach,  Charles Gounod,  Léo Delibes  ... 
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky,  Manuel Rosenthal,  Herbert von Karajan,  Jean-Baptiste Mari  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna,  Monte Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $21.99
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  • 12.
    Morning Mood
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 78166 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Frederick Delius,  Antonio Vivaldi,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Georg Hörtnagel,  Elisabeth Leonskaja,  Rudolf Buchbinder  ... 
    Conductor:  Paavo Berglund,  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Herbert von Karajan,  Sir Charles Mackerras  ... 
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  • 13.
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 56028 Release Date: 08/12/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Lew Pollack,  Traditional,  Charles Gounod,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Conductor:  Annuncio Paolo Mantovani
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  • 14.
    Best Strauss Waltzes: Empire Waltz
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 82153 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
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  • 15.
    Rita Streich Sings Waltzes & Arias
    Label: Newton Classics   Catalog: 8802069 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Benjamin Godard  ... 
    Performer:  Rita Streich
    Conductor:  Kurt Gaebel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra
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  • 16.
    The Classical Album 2011
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001566202 Release Date: 06/14/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Vincenzo Bellini,  Franz Liszt,  Jules Massenet,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Cecilia Bartoli,  Lang Lang,  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Anna Netrebko  ... 
    Conductor:  Adám Fischer,  James Levine,  Claudio Abbado,  Riccardo Chailly  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  International Chamber Soloists
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  • 17.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Complete Orchestral Edition [52-CD Set]
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8505226 Release Date: 04/26/2011   Number of Discs: 52
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Robert Schumann,  Olga Smirnitzkaja
    Performer:  Jozef Sikora,  Regina Jauslin,  Viktor Simcisko,  Katarína Vavreková  ... 
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter,  Richard Edlinger,  Oliver Dohnányi,  Johannes Wildner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Polish National Philharmonic Orchestra Katowice,  Bratislava Slovak State Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $148.99
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  • 18.
    Strauss Collection - Early Recordings On 78s (1901-1951)
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 1006/13 Release Date: 04/12/2011   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Spoken Word,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Irene Eisinger,  Dajos Bela,  Barnabas Von Geczy,  Marcella Sembrich  ... 
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss,  Howard Barlow,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Harry Horlick  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kölner Klavier-Trio
    Recommendation
    On sale! $126.98
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  • 19.
    Label: Jennifer Graf   Catalog: 5637696066 Release Date: 11/06/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Zeller,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár,  Oscar Straus  ... 
    Performer:  David Lutz,  Jennifer Graf
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  • 20.
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 924132 Release Date: 10/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Rodgers,  Franz Lehár,  Fritz Kreisler  ... 
    Performer:  Yvonne Kenny,  Wilma Smith,  Geoffrey Payne,  Jack Harrison
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ponkin,  André Rieu,  Richard Bonynge,  Leonard Dommett  ... 
    On sale! $50.99
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  • 21.
    The Ultimate Operetta Album
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8578037-38 Release Date: 06/29/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár,  Emmerich Kálmán,  Robert Stolz  ... 
    Performer:  János Berkes,  Ingrid Kertesi,  Michael Roider,  Yvonne Kenny  ... 
    Conductor:  Johannes Wildner,  László Kovács,  Richard Bonynge,  Steven Mercurio
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  • 22.
    Label: Delta Leisure Group   Catalog: 1198583 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  André Rieu  ... 
    Performer:  André Rieu
    Conductor:  André Rieu
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  • 23.
    Edition Ferenc Fricsay Vol 12 - J. Strauss: Waltzes & Polkas
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 95629 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RIAS Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 24.
    Tales From Vienna
    Label: Gramola   Catalog: 98879 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ivan Eröd,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Waltraud Wulz,  Antoinette Van Zabner
    CD: $18.99
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  • 25.
    Johann Strauss: Transcriptions For Piano By Grunfeld, Schutt, Dohnanyi, Schulhof, Schulz-evler
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 4684003 Release Date: 03/08/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Rudolf Buchbinder
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