Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less
J. Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Previn, Te Kanawa, Gruberova
Release Date: 11/08/1991   Label: Philips  
Catalog: 432157   Number of Discs: 2
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Johann Strauss II at the Opera
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 578287   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss Jr.: The Gypsy Baron / Krauss, Patzak, Loose, Et Al
Release Date: 08/06/2002   Label: Opera D'oro  
Catalog: 1355   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Krauss, Gueden, Dermota, Lipp, Etc
Release Date: 03/23/2004   Label: Opera D'oro  
Catalog: 1404   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Wiener Blut, Op. 354

Browse 76-100 of 114 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    100 Years Of Strauss / André Rieu, Johann Strauss Orchestra
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 547456 Release Date: 03/07/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  André Rieu
    Conductor:  André Rieu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Netherlands
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  • 77.
    A Tribute To Johann Strauss - Echoes From Vienna / Sumi Jo
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 25500 Release Date: 11/09/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Sumi Jo
    Conductor:  Rudolf Bibl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
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  • 78.
    Karussells Of Europe - Belgium & Germany
    Label: Klavier Records   Catalog: 77022 Release Date: 10/26/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Philip Sousa,  Walter Donaldson,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Iosif Ivanovici  ... 
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  • 79.
    Johann Strauss, Jr: 100 Of His Best Compositions
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501004 Release Date: 10/01/1999   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter,  Oliver Dohnányi,  Michael Dittrich,  Christian Pollack  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 80.
    J. Strauss Jr.: 100 Most Famous Waltzes, Etc Vol 2
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554518 Release Date: 06/22/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Johannes Wildner,  Alfred Walter,  Peter Guth,  Michael Dittrich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Austrian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 81.
    A Viennese New Year - Favourite Waltzes, Polkas, Etc
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 554466/67 Release Date: 03/09/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Michael Dittrich,  Ondrej Lenárd,  Johannes Wildner,  Ernst Märzendorfer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bratislava Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bratislava Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice  ... 
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  • 82.
    J. Strauss - The Best Of Vienna
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 459730 Release Date: 01/12/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Lorin Maazel,  Claudio Abbado,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 83.
    Strauss In Vienna - Famous Waltzes, Etc / Quintett Wien
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 5542 Release Date: 01/27/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Alfred Prinz,  Josef Strauss  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Quintet
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  • 84.
    And The Band Played On - Music On The Titanic / I Salonisti
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 458382 Release Date: 01/13/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Lowell Mason,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Antonín Dvorák,  Irving Berlin  ... 
    Performer:  Werner Giger,  Thomas Füri,  Béla Szedlák,  Ferenc Szedlák  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Salonisti
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  • 85.
    J. Strauss: Waltzes, Polkas, Marches / Karajan, Berlin Po
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 449768 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 86.
    The Strauss Family: Waltzes, Polkas & Marches / Boskovsky
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455254 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 87.
    Music from the Film
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 62014 Release Date: 05/28/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Anton Karas - Der Dritte Mann / Hagen, Wiener Unterhaltungs
    Label: Tuxedo Music   Catalog: 5003 Release Date: 03/26/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Fred Raymond,  Hugo Felix,  Franz Lehár  ... 
    Performer:  Anton Karas
    Conductor:  Hans Hagen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Unterhaltungsorchestra
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  • 89.
    Vienna / Fritz Reiner, Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 68160 Release Date: 09/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Strauss,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 90.
    Bruno Walter Edition - Strauss, Brahms, Smetana
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64467 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 91.
    Strauss: Waltzes / Boskovsky, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 443473 Release Date: 02/14/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Anton Karas
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 92.
    Strauss - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64063 Release Date: 08/09/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Lazar Gosman,  Eugene Ormandy,  Stanley Black,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tchaikovsky Chamber Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 93.
    J. Strauss Jr. Edition Vol 32 / Johannes Wildner, Et Al
    Label: Marco Polo   Catalog: 223232 Release Date: 07/14/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Johannes Wildner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice
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  • 94.
    Strauss - The Greatest Hits
    Label: Reference Gold   Catalog: 3607 Release Date: 04/13/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra,  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 95.
    The Best Of Johann Strauss Ii
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556664 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd,  Johannes Wildner,  Martin Sieghart
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Strauss: The Blue Danube And Other Waltz Favorites
    Label: Sony Classical Infinity Digital   Catalog: 57238 Release Date: 02/08/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Stanislav Gorkovenko
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian Radio/TV Orchestra of St. Petersburg
    CD: $4.99
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  • 97.
    Strauss Waltzes Vol 2 - The Return Of Horenstein
    Label: Chesky Records   Catalog: 95 Release Date: 01/17/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Orchestra
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  • 98.
    The Great Waltz / John Mauceri, Hollywood Bowl Orchestra
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438685 Release Date: 10/12/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dimitri Tiomkin,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Rodney Bennett,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  John Mauceri
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 99.
    The Best Of Johann Strauss
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8551114 Release Date: 06/11/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd,  Martin Sieghart,  Johannes Wildner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bratislava Slovak State Symphony Orchestra,  Katowice Polish Radio/TV Symphony Orchestra
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  • 100.
    Basic 100 Vol 6 - Strauss: Waltzes / Ormandy, Philadelphia
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 61555 Release Date: 06/08/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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