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Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less
Johann Strauss II at the Opera
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 578287   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss Johann: Most Famous Waltzes
Release Date: 06/30/1992   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550152   Number of Discs: 1
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Johann Strauss Jr.: Simplicius / Welser-Most, Volle, Zysset, Widmer
Release Date: 11/18/2014   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 100365   Number of Discs: 1
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J. Strauss Jr.: 100 Most Famous Waltzes, Etc Vol 9
Release Date: 10/26/1999   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 554525   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Famous Waltzes, Polkas, Marches, Overtures Vol 4
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550339   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Wiener Blut, Op. 354

Browse 51-75 of 115 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    The Never Ending Waltz / Kunzel, Cincinnati Pops Orchestra
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80668 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Léo Delibes,  Léon Fyodorovich Minkus  ... 
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops
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  • 52.
    Weekend Classics - A Johann Strauss Weekend
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 0006650002 Release Date: 06/13/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 53.
    Johann Strauss Ii Piano Transcriptions / Doris Adam
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 28064 Release Date: 06/06/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Doris Adam
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  • 54.
    Vienna Waltz And Polka / Bauer-theussl, Et Al
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 20053 Release Date: 05/30/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Franz Lehár,  Hanns Jelinek
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Franz Bauer-Theussl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Ball Orchestra
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  • 55.
    The Strauss You Love
    Label: Vox Classics   Catalog: 97016 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
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  • 56.
    Vienna / Reiner, Chicago So
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 71615 Release Date: 02/07/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Strauss,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 57.
    Andre Rieu -  New Year's In Vienna
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17572 Release Date: 10/25/2005  
    Composer:  Franz Lehár,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  John Philip Sousa
    Conductor:  André Rieu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra
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  • 58.
    André Rieu - New Years In Vienna
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17573 Release Date: 10/25/2005  
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár,  John Philip Sousa
    Conductor:  André Rieu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra
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  • 59.
    The Karajan Collection - Strauss, Et Al: Waltzes & Polkas
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 76879 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 60.
    The Very Best Of Johann Strauss Jr.
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8552115-16 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
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  • 61.
    Famous Conductors Of The Past - Rudolf Moralt (1902-1958)
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90673 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Rudolf Moralt
    Conductor:  Rudolf Moralt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 62.
    A Strauss Celebration / Rothstein, Johann Strauss Orchestra
    Label: Chandos Collect   Catalog: 6687 Release Date: 05/25/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Jack Rothstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
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  • 63.
    Johann Strauss II: Waltzes, Polkas, etc / Tovey, et al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 5856332 Release Date: 02/03/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Bramwell Tovey,  Bryden Thomson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra
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  • 64.
    Johann Strauss II: Waltzes / Willi Boskovsky
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75239 Release Date: 01/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
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  • 65.
    Cinema Classics 2003 / Various
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556696 Release Date: 01/01/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Erik Satie,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Federico Mompou  ... 
    Performer:  Klára Körmendi,  Hae-won Chang,  Jordi Masó,  Ingrid Kertesi  ... 
    Conductor:  Anthony Bramall,  Robert Stankovsky,  László Kovács,  István Bogár  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Camerata Cassovia,  Camerata Budapest  ... 
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  • 66.
    International Salute / Erich Kunzel, Cincinnati Pops
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 5132 Release Date: 08/27/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Giacomo Meyerbeer  ... 
    Performer:  Jack Wellbaum
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops,  May Festival Chorus
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  • 67.
    Original Masters - Ferenc Fricsay - A Life In Music
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000085402 Release Date: 08/12/2003   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Maureen Forrester,  Rudolf Schulz,  Margrit Weber,  Ernst Haefliger  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 68.
    Strauss: Waltzes And Polkas /Ormandy, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 87281 Release Date: 04/01/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 69.
    Dance Music From Old Vienna / Vienna Dance Quartet
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8555689 Release Date: 04/16/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Lanner,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Gabriela Tzvetanova,  Martin Fuchs,  Catia Rung,  Reinhold Rung
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Dance Quartet
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  • 70.
    New Year's Concert 2002 / Seiji Ozawa, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 468999 Release Date: 01/07/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  J. "Pepi" Hellmesberger
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Emperor Waltz / Karajan, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90455 Release Date: 07/31/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 72.
    J. Strauss Jr: Favorite Waltzes / Willi Boskovsky, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics Double Fforte   Catalog: 74311 Release Date: 07/03/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Rudi Knabl
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
    CD not available
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  • 73.
    Eloquence - Strauss: Waltzes /Boskovsky, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 467413 Release Date: 03/27/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Strauss: Kaiser Waltzer, Etc / Karajan, Et Al
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469211 Release Date: 09/26/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  René Kollo,  Evi List,  Julia Varády  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber,  Karl Böhm,  Willi Boskovsky,  Lorin Maazel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Bavarian State Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Strauss Jr. - Super Hits - Waltzes And Polkas
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 89269 Release Date: 08/08/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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