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Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less
Johann Strauss II at the Opera
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 578287   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss Johann: Most Famous Waltzes
Release Date: 06/30/1992   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550152   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Famous Waltzes, Polkas, Marches, Overtures Vol 2
Release Date: 02/05/1993   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550337   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Famous Waltzes, Polkas, Marches, Overtures Vol 4
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550339   Number of Discs: 1
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J. Strauss, Jr.: Die Fledermaus / Wildner, Fontana, Et Al
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8660017-18   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Wiener Blut, Op. 354

Browse 26-50 of 115 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Strauss Collection - Early Recordings On 78s (1901-1951)
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 1006/13 Release Date: 04/12/2011   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Spoken Word,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Irene Eisinger,  Dajos Bela,  Barnabas Von Geczy,  Marcella Sembrich  ... 
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss,  Howard Barlow,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Harry Horlick  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kölner Klavier-Trio
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    On sale! $126.98
    CD: $107.49
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  • 27.
    The Strauss Family: Waltzes, Polkas / Boskovsky, Wiener Johann Strauss Orchester
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 18744 Release Date: 03/08/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
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  • 28.
    100 Best Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 17639 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 29.
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 648513 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
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  • 30.
    Best Of Classics - Bach, Beethoven, Strauss, Vivaldi, Dvorak, Chopin, Mozart
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4013 Release Date: 10/26/2010   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Antonín Dvorák,  Leos Janácek  ... 
    Performer:  Jiri Reinberger,  Jan Kalfus,  Miroslav Kejmar,  Zuzana Ruzicková  ... 
    Conductor:  Bohumil Kulínsky,  Jaroslav Krcek,  Milan Munclinger,  Josef Vlach  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Children's Chorus,  Musica Bohemica,  Ars Rediviva  ... 
    CD: $54.49
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  • 31.
    Summer Night Concert Schoenbrunn 2010 - Moon, Planet, Stars / Welser-Most
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001455902 Release Date: 08/17/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Gustav Holst,  Otto Nicolai,  Josef Lanner  ... 
    Performer:  Yefim Bronfman
    Conductor:  Franz Welser-Möst
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 32.
    Forever Vienna / Andre Rieu
    Label: Hip-o   Catalog: 001443902 Release Date: 06/29/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Quirino Mendoza y Cortez,  André Rieu,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  André Rieu,  André Rieu's Johann Strauss Orchestra
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  • 33.
    Forever Vienna / Andre Rieu [Deluxe CD& DVD Edition]
    Label: Hip-o   Catalog: 001443800 Release Date: 06/15/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Traditional,  Pierre Kartner,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Meredith Willson  ... 
    Performer:  André Rieu
    CD: $14.99
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  • 34.
    Waltzes & Polkas Of Vienna - Strauss Family Favourites / Georgiadis
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1070 Release Date: 03/23/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Eduard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  John Georgiadis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 35.
    Berlitz Passport - The Music Of Austria
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 47284 Release Date: 12/01/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Franz Lehár,  Roman Hoffstetter  ... 
    Performer:  Pinchas Zukerman
    Conductor:  Andre Kostelanetz,  Leonard Bernstein,  George Szell,  Eugene Ormandy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Andre Kostelanetz Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  Cleveland Orchestra  ... 
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  • 36.
    Live From Dresden - Wedding At The Opera / Andre Rieu
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17791 Release Date: 11/03/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johann Paul A. Martini  ... 
    Performer:  André Rieu
    Conductor:  André Rieu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 37.
    Strictly Waltz
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 2564687054 Release Date: 10/05/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
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  • 38.
    The Emperor Waltz - Ormandy Conducts Viennese Favorites
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 38115 Release Date: 09/24/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 39.
    The Best of the Vienna Choir Boys
    Label: Koch International Classics   Catalog: 7585 Release Date: 09/08/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Rudolf Sieczynski,  Robert Stolz  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Boys' Choir
    CD: $12.99
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  • 40.
    Summer Night Concert Schoenbrunn 2009 / Barenboim
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001324109 Release Date: 08/25/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mariano Mores,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $29.99
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  • 41.
    Strauss Jr.: Waltzes; Josef Strauss / Reiner, Chicago Symphony
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 5405 Release Date: 05/08/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 42.
    Ultimate Strauss Family - Waltzes, Marches And Polkas / Boskovsky, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001158602 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 43.
    The Ultimate Most Relaxing Strauss Waltzes In The Universe
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17717 Release Date: 07/15/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Alfred Scholz,  Rudolf Kempe,  Peter Falk,  Carl Michalski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 44.
    Bernstein Favorites - J. Strauss Jr.: Waltzes
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46710 Release Date: 04/07/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 45.
    Karajan - Complete Emi Recordings 1946-84 Vol 1 - Orchestral Works
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 12038 Release Date: 04/01/2008   Number of Discs: 88
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  E. Nikolaus von Reznicek,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Karl Leister,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Ernst Haefliger,  Anne-Sophie Mutter  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    On sale! $253.98
    CD: $194.99
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  • 46.
    J Strauss Jr: Famous Waltzes / Bauer-theussl
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 411119 Release Date: 12/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Franz Bauer-Theussl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 47.
    Waltz! / Felix Slatkin, Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Emi Studio   Catalog: 63659 Release Date: 12/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Emil Waldteufel
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 48.
    Songs And Waltzes From Vienna - Lotte Lehman, Bruno Walter
    Label: Cbs Masterworks Portrait   Catalog: 47682 Release Date: 06/25/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Nico Dostal,  Hermann Leopoldi,  Ralph Benatzky  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Ulanowsky,  Lotte Lehmann
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 49.
    Music By Johann Strauss (Piano Transcroptions)
    Label: Membran / Scandinavian Classics   Catalog: 220514 Release Date: 04/26/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Lars Boje Jensen
    CD: $12.99
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  • 50.
    Gemini - J. Strauss Ii: 19 Waltzes / Willi Boskovsky
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 81524 Release Date: 04/24/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
    CD: $12.99
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