Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less
Strauss II: Der Zigeunerbaron / Foster, NDR Radiophilharmonie
Release Date: 04/08/2016   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186482   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Wiener Blut, Op. 354

Browse 26-50 of 82 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Live From Dresden - Wedding At The Opera / Andre Rieu
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17791 Release Date: 11/03/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johann Paul A. Martini  ... 
    Performer:  André Rieu
    Conductor:  André Rieu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra
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  • 27.
    The Emperor Waltz - Ormandy Conducts Viennese Favorites
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 38115 Release Date: 09/17/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 28.
    The Best of the Vienna Choir Boys
    Label: Koch International Classics   Catalog: 7585 Release Date: 09/08/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Rudolf Sieczynski,  Robert Stolz  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Boys' Choir
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  • 29.
    Summer Night Concert Schoenbrunn 2009 / Barenboim
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001324109 Release Date: 08/25/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mariano Mores,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $32.99
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  • 30.
    Strauss Jr.: Waltzes; Josef Strauss / Reiner, Chicago Symphony
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 5405 Release Date: 04/23/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 31.
    Ultimate Strauss Family - Waltzes, Marches And Polkas / Boskovsky, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001158602 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $21.99
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  • 32.
    The Ultimate Most Relaxing Strauss Waltzes In The Universe
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17717 Release Date: 07/15/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Alfred Scholz,  Rudolf Kempe,  Peter Falk,  Carl Michalski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
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  • 33.
    International Salute / Erich Kunzel, Cincinnati Pops
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 5132 Release Date: 04/08/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Giacomo Meyerbeer  ... 
    Performer:  Jack Wellbaum
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops,  May Festival Chorus
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 34.
    Bernstein Favorites - J. Strauss Jr.: Waltzes
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46710 Release Date: 03/26/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 35.
    J Strauss Jr: Famous Waltzes / Bauer-theussl
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 411119 Release Date: 12/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Franz Bauer-Theussl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
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  • 36.
    Waltz! / Felix Slatkin, Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Emi Studio   Catalog: 63659 Release Date: 12/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Emil Waldteufel
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 37.
    Klemperer Edition- Stravinsky: Symphony In 3 Movements, Etc
    Label: Emi Studio   Catalog: 64142 Release Date: 09/24/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Kurt Weill,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 38.
    Songs And Waltzes From Vienna - Lotte Lehman, Bruno Walter
    Label: Cbs Masterworks Portrait   Catalog: 47682 Release Date: 06/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Nico Dostal,  Hermann Leopoldi,  Ralph Benatzky  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Ulanowsky,  Lotte Lehmann
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 39.
    Music By Johann Strauss (Piano Transcroptions)
    Label: Membran / Scandinavian Classics   Catalog: 220514 Release Date: 04/26/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Lars Boje Jensen
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  • 40.
    The Never Ending Waltz / Kunzel, Cincinnati Pops Orchestra
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80668 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Léo Delibes,  Léon Fyodorovich Minkus  ... 
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops
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  • 41.
    Johann Strauss Ii Piano Transcriptions / Doris Adam
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 28064 Release Date: 06/06/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Doris Adam
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  • 42.
    Vienna Waltz And Polka / Bauer-theussl, Et Al
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 20053 Release Date: 05/30/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Franz Lehár,  Hanns Jelinek
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Franz Bauer-Theussl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Ball Orchestra
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  • 43.
    The Strauss You Love
    Label: Vox Classics   Catalog: 97016 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
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  • 44.
    Vienna / Reiner, Chicago So
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 71615 Release Date: 02/07/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Strauss,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 45.
    Andre Rieu -  New Year's In Vienna
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17572 Release Date: 10/25/2005  
    Composer:  Franz Lehár,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  John Philip Sousa
    Conductor:  André Rieu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra
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  • 46.
    André Rieu - New Years In Vienna
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17573 Release Date: 10/25/2005  
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár,  John Philip Sousa
    Conductor:  André Rieu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra
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  • 47.
    The Very Best Of Johann Strauss Jr.
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8552115-16 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
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  • 48.
    Famous Conductors Of The Past - Rudolf Moralt (1902-1958)
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90673 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Rudolf Moralt
    Conductor:  Rudolf Moralt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 49.
    Best Of New Year's Concert / Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000166302 Release Date: 12/09/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa,  Herbert von Karajan,  Lorin Maazel,  Claudio Abbado  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 50.
    Dance Music From Old Vienna / Vienna Dance Quartet
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8555689 Release Date: 04/16/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Lanner,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Gabriela Tzvetanova,  Martin Fuchs,  Catia Rung,  Reinhold Rung
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Dance Quartet
    CD: $12.99
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