Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less
J. Strauss Jr.: Voices Of Spring / Guth, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Release Date: 02/14/2012   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 29250   Number of Discs: 1
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J. Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Previn, Te Kanawa, Gruberova
Release Date: 11/08/1991   Label: Philips  
Catalog: 432157   Number of Discs: 2
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Johann Strauss Ii At The Opera
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 578287   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Wiener Blut, Op. 354

Browse 101-114 of 114 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Joh. & Jos. Strauss: Waltzes & Polkas / Karajan, Berlin Po
    Label: Dg Galleria   Catalog: 437255 Release Date: 05/11/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 102.
    Soirée Dansante / Wildner, Johann Strauss Ensemble
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 291931 Release Date: 02/09/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss
    Performer:  Johannes Wildner
    Conductor:  Johannes Wildner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Strauss Ensemble
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  • 103.
    Strauss: Famous Waltzes, Polkas, Marches, Overtures Vol 3
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550338 Release Date: 02/05/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Martin Sieghart,  Alfred Walter,  Ondrej Lenárd,  Oliver Dohnányi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice,  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 104.
    J. Strauss: An Der Schönen Blauen Donau, Etc / E. Strauss
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90013 Release Date: 10/26/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eduard Strauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
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  • 105.
    The Vienna Choir Boys Sing Strauss Waltzes
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 61235 Release Date: 07/14/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Hans Gillesberger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Boys' Choir
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  • 106.
    Strauss Johann: Most Famous Waltzes
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550152 Release Date: 06/30/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Strauss Festival Orchestra Vienna
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  • 107.
    Historic Strauss Interpretations
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90090 Release Date: 06/12/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm,  Arturo Toscanini,  Hans Knappertsbusch,  Bruno Walter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 108.
    J. Strauss: Viennese Waltzes And Polkas / Eugene Ormandy
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 48164 Release Date: 06/02/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 109.
    Blue Danube- Strauss Waltzes / Ormandy, Philadelphia Orch
    Label: Rca Victrola   Catalog: 60490 Release Date: 06/21/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 110.
    Famous Strauss Waltzes / Boskovsky, Johann Strauss Orchestra
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 47052 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
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  • 111.
    New Year's Concert 1990 / Mehta, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 45808 Release Date: 03/30/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Georg Glasl
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 112.
    Serenata / Maastricht Salon Orchestra
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 4123222 Release Date: 12/12/1984   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Paul A. Martini,  Rudolf Sieczynski,  Franz Lehár,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Maastricht Salon Orchestra
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  • 113.
    Johann & Josef Strauss: Radetzky-marsch, Etc / Karajan, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4100272 Release Date: 03/10/1983   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 114.
    New Year's Concert 1980 / Lorin Maazel, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 400040 Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Carl Michael Ziehrer,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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