Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less
J. Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Previn, Te Kanawa, Gruberova
Release Date: 11/08/1991   Label: Philips  
Catalog: 432157   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Eine Nacht In Venedig / Clear, Singer, Schorkhuber, Irosch
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Archipel  
Catalog: 5   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Haider, Mikolaj, Reiss, Edelmann, Holecek
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Capriccio Records  
Catalog: 5167   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: A Night In Venice / Thompson, Ohio Light Opera
Release Date: 08/01/2000   Label: Newport Classic  
Catalog: 85661   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Karajan, Waechter, Stolze, Et Al
Release Date: 09/14/1999   Label: Rca Victor Red Seal  
Catalog: 61949   Number of Discs: 3
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Work: Roses from the South (Rosen aus dem Süden)

Browse 76-100 of 106 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    J. Strauss Jr.: 100 Most Famous Waltzes, Etc Vol 6
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 554522 Release Date: 08/31/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter,  Johannes Wildner,  Oliver Dohnányi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice,  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 77.
    Walzer-transcription By Second Viennese School
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 541 Release Date: 08/24/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Lanner,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Biedermeier Soloists
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  • 78.
    Strauss: Favorite Waltzes / Welser-möst, London Po
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73295 Release Date: 04/20/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Franz Welser-Möst
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 79.
    A Viennese New Year - Favourite Waltzes, Polkas, Etc
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 554466/67 Release Date: 03/09/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Michael Dittrich,  Ondrej Lenárd,  Johannes Wildner,  Ernst Märzendorfer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bratislava Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bratislava Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice  ... 
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  • 80.
    J. Strauss - The Best Of Vienna
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 459730 Release Date: 01/12/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Lorin Maazel,  Claudio Abbado,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 81.
    Strauss Family: Waltzes, Etc / Guth, Royal Po
    Label: Platinum Entertainment   Catalog: 2815 Release Date: 09/22/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Peter Guth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 82.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Piano Transcriptions / Scherbakov
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 69704 Release Date: 02/17/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Moritz Rosenthal,  Alfred Grünfeld,  Carl Tausig
    Performer:  Konstantin Scherbakov
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  • 83.
    Phase 4 Stereo - The Blue Danube / Fiedler, Boston Pops
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455154 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
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  • 84.
    The Strauss Family: Waltzes, Polkas & Marches / Boskovsky
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455254 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 85.
    Radetzky-marsch - Favorite Showpieces For Brass / Jeitler
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 140 Release Date: 02/18/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karl Mühlberger,  Julius Fucik,  Carl Michael Ziehrer,  Eduard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Jeitler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Young Brass Philharmonic
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  • 86.
    Clemens Krauss Dirigiert Vol 2 / Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90291 Release Date: 01/21/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Richard Strauss,  Manuel de Falla
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 87.
    Johann Strauss: Quatre Valses / Ensemble Stanislas
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 892 Release Date: 10/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Jean de Spengler,  Paul Fenton,  Lee Gee,  Jean-Louis Haguenauer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stanislas Ensemble
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  • 88.
    Schubert, Strauss, Lanner, Komzak / Knappertsbusch
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 426981 Release Date: 07/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karel Komzak II,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Lanner,  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Music from the Film
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 62014 Release Date: 05/28/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 90.
    From Holland With Love / André Rieu
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 522933 Release Date: 03/05/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Ludwig Gruber,  Ferry Wunsch,  Rudolf Sieczynski  ... 
    Performer:  André Rieu,  Frédéric Jenniges
    Conductor:  Jurre Haanstra
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Netherlands
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  • 91.
    Vienna / Fritz Reiner, Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 68160 Release Date: 09/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Strauss,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 92.
    Strauss: Waltzes / Boskovsky, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 443473 Release Date: 02/14/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Anton Karas
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 93.
    100 Fiedler Favorites
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 62698 Release Date: 10/11/1994   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Jacob Gade,  Stevie Wonder,  George Cory,  Jerry Herman  ... 
    Performer:  Leo Litwin,  Earl Wild,  Pasquale Cardillo,  Toni Noichl  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
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  • 94.
    Strauss - The Greatest Hits
    Label: Reference Gold   Catalog: 3607 Release Date: 04/13/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra,  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 95.
    The Best Of Johann Strauss Ii
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556664 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd,  Johannes Wildner,  Martin Sieghart
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Strauss Waltzes Vol 2 - The Return Of Horenstein
    Label: Chesky Records   Catalog: 95 Release Date: 01/17/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Orchestra
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  • 97.
    The Best Of Johann Strauss
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8551114 Release Date: 06/11/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd,  Martin Sieghart,  Johannes Wildner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bratislava Slovak State Symphony Orchestra,  Katowice Polish Radio/TV Symphony Orchestra
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  • 98.
    Strauss Johann: Best Of Vol. 1
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550336 Release Date: 02/05/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Johannes Wildner,  Oliver Dohnányi,  Ondrej Lenárd,  Alfred Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice State Philharmonic,  Katowice Polish Radio/TV Symphony Orchestra,  Bratislava Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 99.
    J. Strauss Jr. Edition Vol 19 / Alfred Walter, Et Al
    Label: Marco Polo   Catalog: 223219 Release Date: 10/26/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice
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  • 100.
    J. Strauss: An Der Schönen Blauen Donau, Etc / E. Strauss
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90013 Release Date: 10/26/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eduard Strauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
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