Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less

Work: Roses from the South (Rosen aus dem Süden)

Browse 51-75 of 84 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Music By Johann Strauss (Piano Transcroptions)
    Label: Membran / Scandinavian Classics   Catalog: 220514 Release Date: 04/26/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Lars Boje Jensen
    CD: $12.99
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  • 52.
    The Never Ending Waltz / Kunzel, Cincinnati Pops Orchestra
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80668 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Léo Delibes,  Léon Fyodorovich Minkus  ... 
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops
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  • 53.
    Johann Strauss Ii Piano Transcriptions / Doris Adam
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 28064 Release Date: 06/06/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Doris Adam
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  • 54.
    The Strauss You Love
    Label: Vox Classics   Catalog: 97016 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
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  • 55.
    Vienna / Reiner, Chicago So
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 71615 Release Date: 02/07/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Strauss,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 56.
    Vienne 1900
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5039 Release Date: 01/17/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Alban Berg  ... 
    Performer:  Pierre-Laurent Aimard,  Anne Gastinel,  Dawn Upshaw,  Stefan Litwin  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Amaury Du Closel,  Alain Lombard,  Laurence Equilbey  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Orchestra d'Ile de France,  Arditti String Quartet,  Danish String Quartet  ... 
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  • 57.
    The Very Best Of Johann Strauss Jr.
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8552115-16 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
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  • 58.
    Strauss Arrangements - Berg, Et Al / Berlin String Quartet
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 1258 Release Date: 06/28/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Matthias Pfaender,  Gabriele Kupfernagel,  Karl-Heinz Dommus,  Klaus Peters  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin String Quartet
    CD: $19.99
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  • 59.
    Peter Maag Conducts Johann Strauss, Jr.
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 43036 Release Date: 05/31/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Antal Tichy
    Conductor:  Peter Maag
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Rome,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin
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  • 60.
    Strauss Highlights Vol 1 / Alt Wiener Strauss Ensemble
    Label: Edition Hera   Catalog: 2001 Release Date: 05/31/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Arthur Kulling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Old Vienna Strauss Ensemble
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  • 61.
    Famous Conductors Of The Past - Karl Böhm
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90613 Release Date: 03/29/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Lea Piltti
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89603 Release Date: 01/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss,  Erkki Melartin  ... 
    Performer:  Lea Piltti,  Richard Strauss,  Friedbert Sammler,  Helge Rosvaenge  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Zaun,  Bruno Seidler-Winkler,  Hans Adolf Winter,  Arthur Rother  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Städtisches Orchestra Berlin,  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 63.
    Festive Overtures
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98454 Release Date: 08/01/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Klaus-Peter Hahn,  Alfred Scholz,  Arturo Leonard  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Moscow Radio & TV Symphony Orchestra,  Moscow Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 64.
    J. Strauss, Jr., Stravinsky / Boston SO Chamber Players
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 463667 Release Date: 07/16/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Rolf Smedvig,  Armando Ghitalla,  Matthew Ruggiero,  Sherman Walt  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Chamber Players
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  • 65.
    Eloquence - Strauss: Waltzes /Boskovsky, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 467413 Release Date: 03/27/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 66.
    Walzer-transcription By Second Viennese School
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 541 Release Date: 08/24/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Lanner,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Biedermeier Soloists
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  • 67.
    Strauss: Favorite Waltzes / Welser-möst, London Po
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73295 Release Date: 04/20/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Franz Welser-Möst
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 68.
    J. Strauss - The Best Of Vienna
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 459730 Release Date: 01/12/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Karl Swoboda
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Lorin Maazel,  Claudio Abbado,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 69.
    Phase 4 Stereo - The Blue Danube / Fiedler, Boston Pops
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455154 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
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  • 70.
    The Strauss Family: Waltzes, Polkas & Marches / Boskovsky
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455254 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $47.98
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  • 71.
    Radetzky-marsch - Favorite Showpieces For Brass / Jeitler
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 140 Release Date: 02/18/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karl Mühlberger,  Julius Fucik,  Carl Michael Ziehrer,  Eduard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Jeitler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Young Brass Philharmonic
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  • 72.
    Clemens Krauss Dirigiert Vol 2 / Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90291 Release Date: 01/21/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Richard Strauss,  Manuel de Falla
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 73.
    Johann Strauss: Quatre Valses / Ensemble Stanislas
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 892 Release Date: 10/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Jean de Spengler,  Paul Fenton,  Lee Gee,  Jean-Louis Haguenauer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stanislas Ensemble
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  • 74.
    Schubert, Strauss, Lanner, Komzak / Knappertsbusch
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 426981 Release Date: 07/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karel Komzak II,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Lanner,  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Orchestra
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  • 75.
    From Holland With Love / André Rieu
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 522933 Release Date: 03/05/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Ludwig Gruber,  Ferry Wunsch,  Rudolf Sieczynski  ... 
    Performer:  André Rieu,  Frédéric Jenniges
    Conductor:  Jurre Haanstra
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Netherlands
    CD: $16.99
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Johann Strauss Jr.