Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.

Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna on Read more October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.

His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.

Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.

In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.

Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less

The Strauss Family In London / Georgiadis, London So
Release Date: 06/29/2004   Label: Chandos Collect  
Catalog: 6691   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Haider, Mikolaj, Reiss, Edelmann, Holecek
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Capriccio Records  
Catalog: 5167   Number of Discs: 2
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Vienna Premiere Vol 1 / Rothstein, Johann Strauss Orchestra
Release Date: 07/06/2009   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 8381   Number of Discs: 1
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Vienna Premieres Vols. 1, 2 & 3 / Rothstein, Johann Strauss Orchestra
Release Date: 07/26/2011   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10684   Number of Discs: 3
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Karajan: Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Brahms, R. Strauss, Opera Arias - 1946-1949
Release Date: 04/08/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 633618   Number of Discs: 10
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Work: Roses from the South (Rosen aus dem Süden)

Browse 26-50 of 112 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Waltzes & Polkas Of Vienna - Strauss Family Favourites / Georgiadis
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1070 Release Date: 03/23/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Eduard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  John Georgiadis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 27.
    Cascade Of Roses - A Piano Bouquet / Janice Weber
    Label: Sono Luminus   Catalog: 92102 Release Date: 01/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Reynaldo Hahn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Janice Weber
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  • 28.
    Johann Strauss: Walzer / Thomas Christian Ensemble
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 6031590 Release Date: 01/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Thomas Christian Ensemble
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  • 29.
    The Beautiful Blue Danube / Bohm, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 413681 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 30.
    19th Century Masterpieces
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 98317 Release Date: 11/17/2009   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Paul Dukas,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Lucia Popp,  Emmanuel Pahud,  Aldo Ciccolini,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult,  Michel Plasson,  Eugene Ormandy,  Klaus Tennstedt  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 31.
    The Emperor Waltz - Ormandy Conducts Viennese Favorites
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 38115 Release Date: 09/24/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 32.
    Viennese Waltz Transcriptions / Berliner Solisten
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 2564686421 Release Date: 09/11/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Lanner,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Elisabeth Leonskaja,  Philip Moll
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Soloists
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  • 33.
    Schonberg, Webern, Berg: The Waltz Arrangements / Becker, Linos Ensemble
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 5004 Release Date: 05/26/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Klaus Becker
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Linos Ensemble
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  • 34.
    Strauss Jr.: Waltzes; Josef Strauss / Reiner, Chicago Symphony
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 5405 Release Date: 05/08/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 35.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Die Fledermaus / Fricsay, Streich, Anders
    Label: Membran International Gmbh   Catalog: 2223979 Release Date: 05/01/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Peter Anders,  Martha Musial,  Fritz Hoppe,  Edwin Heyer  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra,  Various Artists Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Orchestra  ... 
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  • 36.
    New Year's Concert 2009 / Barenboim, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001257009 Release Date: 02/10/2009  
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 37.
    New Year's Concert 2009 / Barenboim, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001256902 Release Date: 01/13/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 38.
    Strauss Family: Waltzes / Guth, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks   Catalog: 28150 Release Date: 10/14/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Peter Guth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 39.
    Strauss Family: Polkas & Waltzes
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453052 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 40.
    Ultimate Strauss Family - Waltzes, Marches And Polkas / Boskovsky, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001158602 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 41.
    Elements Of Art - Earth
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 59722 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Georges Bizet,  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt,  Heinz Rögner,  Otmar Suitner,  Jörg-Peter Weigle  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 42.
    Lehár: Die Lustige Witwe; Johann Strauss Jr: Waltzes / Welser-möst
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 20974 Release Date: 06/10/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Lehár,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Robert Poulton,  Rudolf Schasching,  Elzbieta Szmytka  ... 
    Conductor:  Franz Welser-Möst
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Glyndebourne Festival Chorus
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  • 43.
    Bernstein Favorites - J. Strauss Jr.: Waltzes
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46710 Release Date: 04/07/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 44.
    Rosen Aus Dem Suden / Willi Boskovsky, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: London/Decca Opera Gala Series   Catalog: 425429 Release Date: 04/07/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 45.
    The Ultimate Most Relaxing Waltzes In The Universe
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17691 Release Date: 04/01/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Uwe Theimer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Biedermeier Ensemble,  Vienna Ball Orchestra
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  • 46.
    Music For An Empress
    Label: Document (Usa)   Catalog: 1203617 Release Date: 01/08/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Antonín Dvorák,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
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  • 47.
    J Strauss Jr: Famous Waltzes / Bauer-theussl
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 411119 Release Date: 12/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Franz Bauer-Theussl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
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  • 48.
    Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra Plays Strauss 1929 - 1990
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 435335 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber,  Clemens Krauss,  George Szell,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 49.
    Basics - Voices Of Spring - Suppé, Et Al / Suitner, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 8599 Release Date: 11/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz von Suppé,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Walter Olbertz,  Günther Leib,  Karl Suske,  Peter Schreier  ... 
    Conductor:  Otmar Suitner,  Manfred Honeck,  Carl von Garaguly,  Franz Konwitschny  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra  ... 
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  • 50.
    J. Strauss: Waltzes;  Dvorak: Bagatelles / Alcan, Et Al
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 23083 Release Date: 05/30/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Seth Knopp,  André Moisan,  Denis Bluteau
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Alcan String Quartet
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