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Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less
J. Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Previn, Te Kanawa, Gruberova
Release Date: 11/08/1991   Label: Philips  
Catalog: 432157   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Eine Nacht In Venedig / Clear, Singer, Schorkhuber, Irosch
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Archipel  
Catalog: 5   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: A Night In Venice / Thompson, Ohio Light Opera
Release Date: 08/01/2000   Label: Newport Classic  
Catalog: 85661   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Karajan, Waechter, Stolze, Et Al
Release Date: 09/14/1999   Label: Rca Victor Red Seal  
Catalog: 61949   Number of Discs: 3
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Johann Strauss, Jr: The Gypsy Baron / Paulik, Scheyrer
Release Date: 01/17/1996   Label: Vanguard  
Catalog: 8082   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Roses from the South (Rosen aus dem Süden)

Browse 1-25 of 106 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Phase 4 Stereo - Stereo Concert Series
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002188302 Release Date: 10/27/2014   Number of Discs: 41
    Composer:  John Philip Sousa,  Charles A. Zimmerman,  Francis S. Van Boskerck,  George Norton  ... 
    Performer:  Stanley Black,  David Parkhouse,  Alan Loveday,  Robert Merrill  ... 
    Conductor:  Rodney Bashford,  Stanley Black,  Bernard Herrmann,  Edward Downes  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Grenadier Guards Band,  London Festival Orchestra,  London Festival Recording Ensemble  ... 
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  • 2.
    Ferenc Fricsay: Complete Recordings On Deutsche Grammophon, Vol. 1 - Orchestral Works
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002132602 Release Date: 09/02/2014   Number of Discs: 45
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  César Franck  ... 
    Performer:  Géza Anda,  Tibor Varga,  Helmut Krebs,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 3.
    RCA Living Stereo Collection Vol 1
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 541497 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Claude Debussy,  Jacques Ibert,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Berj Zamkochian,  John Weicher,  Philip Farkas,  Jascha Heifetz  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Munch,  Fritz Reiner,  Kiril Kondrashin,  Arthur Fiedler  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  New England Conservatory Chorus,  New England Conservatory Alumni Chorus  ... 
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  • 4.
    Bruno Walter: Overtures And Waltzes (1929-1938)
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2106 Release Date: 12/10/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Bedrich Smetana,  Carl Maria von Weber  ... 
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
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  • 5.
    Fritz Reiner - The Complete RCA Album Collection
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 370198 Release Date: 10/15/2013   Number of Discs: 63
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Rolf Liebermann,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein,  Jascha Heifetz,  Emil Gilels,  Inge Borkh  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Lyric Theatre Chorus
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  • 6.
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 5198 Release Date: 05/14/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Horacio Nicholls,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Con Conrad,  Arthur Lange  ... 
    Conductor:  Harry Fryer,  Ronnie Munro,  Reg Pursglove,  Harold Collins  ... 
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  • 7.
    The RIAS Second Viennese School Project
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 21412 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Arnold Schoenberg,  Alban Berg,  Anton Webern,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Hans-Peter Schmitz,  Irmen Burmester,  Klaus Billing,  Hans Bastiaan  ... 
    Conductor:  Josef Rufer,  Ferenc Fricsay,  Winfried Zillig,  Günther Arndt  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Chamber Chorus,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 8.
    Strauss: The Blue Danube
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001701802 Release Date: 07/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm,  Carlos Kleiber
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  • 9.
    Strauss Family Waltzes / Arthur Fiedler, Boston Pops
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 61688 Release Date: 07/07/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
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  • 10.
    Ballroom Classics / Willi Boskovsky, Wiener Johann Strauss Orchester
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 56571 Release Date: 04/10/2012   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $57.98
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  • 11.
    Essential Johann Strauss II
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 78139 Release Date: 02/07/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Nicolai Gedda,  Rudolf Schock,  Fritz Wunderlich,  Lucia Popp  ... 
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky,  Franz Allers,  Rudolf Kempe,  Fried Walter  ... 
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  • 12.
    Chamber Music / Paul Badura-Skoda and Friends
    Label: Genuin Musikproduction   Catalog: 11200 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Badura-Skoda,  Antonio Janigro,  Jean Fournier,  Boris Pergamenschikow  ... 
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  • 13.
    Krips Conducts Schubert - The 1940s Decca
    Label: Dutton Laboratories/Vocalion   Catalog: 9810 Release Date: 12/13/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Josef Krips
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  New Symphony Orchestra
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  • 14.
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 828892 Release Date: 11/01/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Jacques Offenbach,  Charles Gounod,  Emil Waldteufel  ... 
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky,  Manuel Rosenthal,  Herbert von Karajan,  Efrem Kurtz  ... 
    CD: $19.99
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  • 15.
    Best Waltzes & Polkas 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 80455 Release Date: 11/01/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Jacques Offenbach,  Charles Gounod,  Léo Delibes  ... 
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky,  Manuel Rosenthal,  Herbert von Karajan,  Jean-Baptiste Mari  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna,  Monte Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $21.99
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  • 16.
    Waltzes By Johann Strauss Arranged By Schoenberg, Berg & Webern / The Philharmonics
    Label: Accentus   Catalog: 20228 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Fritz Kreisler,  Tibor Kovac
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Philharmonics
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  • 17.
    Waltzes By Johann Strauss Arranged By Schoenberg, Berg & Webern / The Philharmonics [blu-ray]
    Label: Accentus   Catalog: 10228 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Fritz Kreisler,  Tibor Kovac
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Philharmonics
    On sale! $39.99
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  • 18.
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 56028 Release Date: 08/12/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Lew Pollack,  Traditional,  Charles Gounod,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Conductor:  Annuncio Paolo Mantovani
    CD: $12.99
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  • 19.
    Best Strauss Waltzes: Empire Waltz
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 82153 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    CD: $7.99
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  • 20.
    Viennese Night at the BBC Proms
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5026 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Franz von Suppé
    Performer:  Sheila Armstrong
    Conductor:  James Loughran,  Walter Susskind,  Janos Fürst
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  BBC Northern Symphony
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  • 21.
    Wien 1925: Alban Berg, Johann Strauss, Schoenberg, Webern
    Label: Mirare   Catalog: 133 Release Date: 05/10/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alban Berg,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Marie-Josčphe Jude,  Francois-Marie Drieux
    Conductor:  Jean-François Heisser
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Poitou-Charentes Orchestra
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  • 22.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Complete Orchestral Edition [52-CD Set]
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8505226 Release Date: 04/26/2011   Number of Discs: 52
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Robert Schumann,  Olga Smirnitzkaja
    Performer:  Jozef Sikora,  Regina Jauslin,  Viktor Simcisko,  Katarína Vavreková  ... 
    Conductor:  Alfred Walter,  Richard Edlinger,  Oliver Dohnányi,  Johannes Wildner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Polish National Philharmonic Orchestra Katowice,  Bratislava Slovak State Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $148.99
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  • 23.
    Strauss Collection - Early Recordings On 78s (1901-1951)
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 1006/13 Release Date: 04/12/2011   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Spoken Word,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Irene Eisinger,  Dajos Bela,  Barnabas Von Geczy,  Marcella Sembrich  ... 
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss,  Howard Barlow,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Harry Horlick  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kölner Klavier-Trio
    Recommendation
    On sale! $126.98
    CD: $107.49
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  • 24.
    Forever Vienna / Andre Rieu [Deluxe CD& DVD Edition]
    Label: Hip-o   Catalog: 001443800 Release Date: 06/15/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Traditional,  Pierre Kartner,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Meredith Willson  ... 
    Performer:  André Rieu
    CD: $14.99
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  • 25.
    Waltzes & Polkas Of Vienna - Strauss Family Favourites / Georgiadis
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1070 Release Date: 03/23/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Eduard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  John Georgiadis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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