Johann Strauss Jr.


Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.
Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna
Read more on October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.
His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.
Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.
In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.
Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less

Work: Perpetual Motion (A Musical Joke)

Browse 51-59 of 59 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Herbert Von Karajan - The Artist's Album
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 457689 Release Date: 07/14/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Anton Bruckner  ... 
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Janet Perry,  Agnes Baltsa,  Josephine Veasey  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 52.
    Concert A La Carte / Vienna Wind Quintet
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 42175 Release Date: 02/27/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Schubert,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Performer:  Karl Leister,  HansJörg Schellenberger,  Wolfgang Schulz,  Günter Högner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Wien-Berlin
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  • 53.
    The Strauss Family: Waltzes, Polkas & Marches / Boskovsky
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455254 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 54.
    1995 New Year's Concert / Mehta, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 66860 Release Date: 03/21/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 55.
    Strauss - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64063 Release Date: 08/09/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Lazar Gosman,  Eugene Ormandy,  Stanley Black,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tchaikovsky Chamber Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 56.
    Strauss: Famous Waltzes, Polkas, Marches, Overtures Vol 4
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550339 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter,  Alfred Walter,  Ondrej Lenárd,  Christoph von Dohnányi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice State Philharmonic,  Slovak State Symphony Orchestra,  Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 57.
    The Best Of Johann Strauss Ii
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556664 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd,  Johannes Wildner,  Martin Sieghart
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Polish State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 58.
    Ein Straussfest II / Kunzel, Cincinnati Pops Orchestra
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80314 Release Date: 03/23/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops,  Cincinnati Chorale
    CD: $16.99
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  • 59.
    New Year's Concert 1980 / Lorin Maazel, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 400040 Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Carl Michael Ziehrer,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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