Johann Strauss Jr.

Biography

Born: Oct 25, 1825; Austria   Died: Jun 3, 1899; Austria   Period: Romantic
Johann Strauss, Jr. is the first truly well-known composer in those classical genres particular to his hometown, the Viennese waltz and Viennese operetta. The Blue Danube Waltz is not only the most popular of his works in the former category, but is among the most widely played and arranged pieces of its time, known to the most casual listener today from many radio, film and television uses of it.

Johann Strauss, Jr. was born in Vienna on Read more October 25, 1825. He showed remarkable skills early in his childhood, despite his father's opposition to any career in music for any of his three sons. Johann, Sr. wanted him to become a banker, but the younger Strauss had his own ideas, taking violin lessons in secret from a player in his father's band. When Strauss was 17 his father left the family, thus allowing him to begin serious study without encumbrance. His mother, a good amateur violinist who had always encouraged him, remained supportive. Strauss now studied theory with Joseph Drechsler and took violin lessons from Anton Kohlmann. In 1844 young Johann led his first concert and a year later formed his own band, thereby competing with his father's orchestra. He was also writing his own quadrilles, mazurkas, polkas, and waltzes for performance by his ensemble, even conducting works by his father, and receiving praise from the press. He was given the honorary position of Bandmaster of the 2nd Vienna Citizens' Regiment (his father was bandmaster of the 1st regiment) in 1845, and in 1847 began composing for the Vienna Men's Choral Association.

His real success began in 1849 after Johann Strauss, Sr. died. Johann, Jr. merged his father's orchestra with his own and took up his father's contracts. His career moved along smoothly for the next several years, but in 1853 he became seriously ill and turned over conducting duties to his younger brother, Josef, for six months. After his recovery he resumed fully both his conducting and his composing activities, eventually gaining the respect of such composers as Brahms, Wagner, and Verdi for his seemingly unlimited imagination for using melodies.

Strauss married singer Henriette "Jetty" Treffz in August 1862, and they settled in Hietzing. Thereafter, she became his business manager and apparently a great inspiration, drawing him toward operetta, just as Viennese theater operators were becoming tired of the works of Offenbach. His first, Indigo und die vierzig Räuber, came in 1871, and his most famous, Die Fledermaus, was staged three years later with great success. Eine Nacht in Venedig (1883) and Der Zigeunerbaron (1885) were his only other international operetta hits.

In 1872, he traveled to the United States and led highly successful concerts in Boston and New York. For all the success that came in the 1870s for Strauss, there was also much grief: his mother and brother Josef died in 1870, and his wife died suddenly of a heart attack in 1878. Her death devastated him, and the suddenly helpless composer unwisely married the much-younger actress Angelika Dittrich, six weeks later. The marriage lasted only four years, though it may have saved the composer from personal disaster in the months following his wife's death.

Strauss, a Roman Catholic, left the church and had to give up his Austrian citizenship to marry Adele Deutsch in 1887, owing to the Church's unwillingness to recognize his divorce. His new wife, with whom he had lived for a long period before their marriage, seemed to inspire him much like his first wife. In his last years, Strauss remained quite productive and active. He was working on a ballet, Cinderella, when he developed a respiratory ailment which grew into pneumonia. He died on June 3, 1899. Read less

The Strauss Family In London / Georgiadis, London So
Release Date: 06/29/2004   Label: Chandos Collect  
Catalog: 6691   Number of Discs: 1
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Vienna Premiere Vol 1 / Rothstein, Johann Strauss Orchestra
Release Date: 07/06/2009   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 8381   Number of Discs: 1
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Vienna Premieres Vols. 1, 2 & 3 / Rothstein, Johann Strauss Orchestra
Release Date: 07/26/2011   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10684   Number of Discs: 3
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Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Haider, Mikolaj, Reiss, Edelmann, Holecek
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Capriccio Records  
Catalog: 5167   Number of Discs: 2
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Karajan: Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Brahms, R. Strauss, Opera Arias - 1946-1949
Release Date: 04/08/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 633618   Number of Discs: 10
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Work: Perpetual Motion (A Musical Joke)

Browse 26-50 of 83 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Ultimate Strauss Family - Waltzes, Marches And Polkas / Boskovsky, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001158602 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Eduard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 27.
    New Year's Concert 1988 / Abbado, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 423662 Release Date: 08/18/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  E. Nikolaus von Reznicek,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 28.
    Karajan - Complete Emi Recordings 1946-84 Vol 1 - Orchestral Works
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 12038 Release Date: 04/01/2008   Number of Discs: 88
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  E. Nikolaus von Reznicek,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Karl Leister,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Ernst Haefliger,  Anne-Sophie Mutter  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    On sale! $253.98
    CD: $194.99
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  • 29.
    Music For An Empress
    Label: Document (Usa)   Catalog: 1203617 Release Date: 01/08/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Antonín Dvorák,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
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  • 30.
    The Arthur Fiedler Legacy - Evening At Pops
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001005802 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Paul Dukas  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
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  • 31.
    Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra Plays Strauss 1929 - 1990
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 435335 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber,  Clemens Krauss,  George Szell,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 32.
    New Years's Concert From Vienna 1993 / Ricardo Muti
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438493 Release Date: 10/24/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Lanner,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 33.
    Mantovani's Concert Encores
    Label: London/Decca Weekend Classics   Catalog: 433209 Release Date: 09/17/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Cole Porter,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Fritz Kreisler  ... 
    Conductor:  Annuncio Paolo Mantovani
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mantovani & His Orchestra
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  • 34.
    Gruber: Frankenstein, Perpetuum Mobile, Etc
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10404 Release Date: 03/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Heinz Karl "Nali" Gruber,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Heinz Karl "Nali" Gruber
    Conductor:  Heinz Karl "Nali" Gruber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 35.
    Champagne And Laughter - Music Of Johann Strauss Jr.
    Label: Emi Classics For Pleasure   Catalog: 82236 Release Date: 03/20/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss
    Performer:  Fritz Wunderlich,  Nicolai Gedda,  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Renate Holm  ... 
    Conductor:  Fried Walter,  Willi Boskovsky,  Theodor Guschlbauer,  Sir John Barbirolli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Symphony Orchestra,  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 36.
    Strauss & Co / Art Of Brass Vienna
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 186 Release Date: 01/02/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Lanner,  Josef Strauss,  Fritz Kreisler  ... 
    Performer:  Heinrich Bruckner,  Hans Gansch,  Thomas Bieber,  Jonathon Sass  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Art of Brass
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  • 37.
    Strauss Family - Waltzes & Polkas Vol 2 / Clemens Krauss
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 7011 Release Date: 01/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 38.
    New Year's Concert - 1954 / Clemens Krauss, Et Al
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 7006/07 Release Date: 11/29/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 39.
    The Karajan Collection - Strauss, Et Al: Waltzes & Polkas
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 76879 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 40.
    The Very Best Of Johann Strauss Jr.
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8552115-16 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
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  • 41.
    Peter Maag Conducts Johann Strauss, Jr.
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 43036 Release Date: 05/31/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Antal Tichy
    Conductor:  Peter Maag
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Rome,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin
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  • 42.
    Danzas Y Ballets - A Través De Los Tiempos
    Label: Yoyo   Catalog: 59401 Release Date: 04/26/2005   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Amilcare Ponchielli,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Charles Gounod,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Festival Orchestra
    On sale! $31.98
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  • 43.
    Sparkling Classics - Music For An Evening With Friends / Kunzel, Titov, Pesek, Sondeckis, Et Al
    Label: Gift Of Music   Catalog: 1140 Release Date: 02/01/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mikhail Glinka,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Georges Bizet,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Conductor:  Klaus-Peter Hahn,  Vakhtang Kakhidze,  Alexander Titov,  Erich Kunzel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Radio & TV Symphony Orchestra,  Tbilisi Symphony Orchestra,  St. Petersburg Chamber Orchestra "Canon"  ... 
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  • 44.
    Classics At The Movies, Vol. 2
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 4762897 Release Date: 01/17/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Alessandro Marcello,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  David Hobson,  Teddy Tahu Rhodes,  Diana Doherty,  Catherine Davis  ... 
    Conductor:  Thomas Woods,  Sir Bernard Heinze,  Ola Rudner,  Stuart Challender  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tasmanian Symphony Chamber Players
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  • 45.
    The Strauss Album / Warren-Green, Johann Strauss Orchestra
    Label: Asv   Catalog: 2157 Release Date: 03/23/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss,  Josef Strauss
    Conductor:  Christopher Warren-Green
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra Vienna
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  • 46.
    Johann Strauss II: Waltzes, Polkas, etc / Tovey, et al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 5856332 Release Date: 02/03/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Eduard Strauss
    Conductor:  Bramwell Tovey,  Bryden Thomson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra
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  • 47.
    J. Strauss Jr: Waltzes, Polkas, Overtures / Immerseel, Et Al
    Label: Zig Zag   Catalog: 20601 Release Date: 12/09/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Jos van Immerseel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Anima Eterna Orchestra
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  • 48.
    Strauss J: World Of Johann Strauss
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 430501 Release Date: 09/16/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 49.
    Original Masters - Ferenc Fricsay - A Life In Music
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000085402 Release Date: 08/12/2003   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Frank Martin,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Gottfried von Einem,  Johann Strauss Sr.  ... 
    Performer:  Irmgard Helmis,  Gerty Herzog,  Sylvia Kind,  Diana Eustrati  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Chamber Chorus  ... 
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  • 50.
    Johann Strauss II - Transcriptions / Vienna String Quartet
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 583 Release Date: 01/28/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna String Quartet
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