Thomas Stoltzer

Biography

Born: 1480; Schweidnitz, Poland   Died: March, 1526; Znaim, Moravia  
Thomas Stoltzer, one of the most important German composers in the early half of the sixteenth century, was probably the son of Clemens Stoltzer, the town clerk of Schweidnitz, or was otherwise a member of his family. It is surmised that he studied music with Heinrich Finck, who was in Poland while Thomas was a boy. If not, Thomas certainly learned Finck's music somewhere, for he quotes it frequently. His fame as a musician began to grow and a Read more writer named Joachim Badian wrote in 1518 about his musical talents, including the ability to play or write out any piece of music after one or two hearings. In 1519, Thomas was admitted to the priesthood, held the beneficence of St. Elisabeth's Cathedral in Breslau, and was listed as vicarius discontinuus, meaning that he didn't actually live there. Personally, he supported Martin Luther's Reformation, but never took a public stand for it as his private letters show that he was fearful of losing his job if he did so.

His music began to circulate in Eastern Europe, Stolzer's motet Beati omnes was likely performed at the wedding in 1522 of Ludwig II of Hungary and Bohemia and Mary of Austria, daughter of Philip the Fair. Ludwig was new to the throne -- he had inherited it only a month earlier -- and five months later he appointed Stoltzer magister capellae at the Hungarian capital of Ofen. It appears that Queen Mary was the force behind the appointment, and in gratitude, Stoltzer wrote four Lutheran Psalm settings at her request. Secure in this position, and with a good chorus and players at his disposal, Stoltzer wrote over 150 works, more than 70 of which were published. They remained current for decades, as long as the cantus firmus principle of organizing music remained in fashion (i.e., until the seventeenth century). These are primarily religious works, but he also wrote secular songs. His early music follows the conservative German style of Finck, but in his later works he picks up elements of the Netherlands school, including the use of imitation and split choirs. His greatest works are the Psalm motets (14 in Latin and four in German).

He considered accepting a post with Duke Albrecht of Prussia in Königsberg, but apparently hesitated to become publicly linked with a Lutheran monarch, even though he had written music at Albrecht's request. In 1526, King Ludwig died in the defeat of the Hungarians by the Turks at the Battls of Mohács on August 29, 1526. It was widely believed that Stoltzer died there also, at his monarch's side. But documentation later established that he died by slipping while crossing a flood-swollen river in Carpathia, loosing his footing and being swept away by the current. Read less
Browse 1-14 of 14 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    Armarium
    Label: Raum Klang   Catalog: 10114 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Thomas Antipho Anonymous,  Sethus Calvisius,  Pandolfo Zallamella,  Orlando de Lassus  ... 
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  • 2.
    Stille Nacht... / Gronostay, RIAS Kammerchor
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 97711 Release Date: 11/18/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Adrian Willaert,  Thomas Stoltzer,  Ludwig Senfl,  Leonhard Schröter  ... 
    Conductor:  Uwe Gronostay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin RIAS Chamber Chorus
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  • 3.
    Petitiones Cordis
    Label: Outhere Music   Catalog: 1208 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josquin Des Préz,  Eucharius Hoffmann,  Anonymous,  Jacques Arcadelt  ... 
    Conductor:  Maurice Van Lieshout
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  • 4.
    Weynacht Gesaenge / Stimmwerck
    Label: Christophorus   Catalog: 77364 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Samuel Scheidt,  Anonymous,  Hans Leo Hassler,  Esaias Reusner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stimmwerck
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  • 5.
    Psallite! - A Renaissance Christmas / Chanticleer
    Label: Chanticleer Records   Catalog: 8806 Release Date: 10/13/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josquin Des Préz,  Giovanni Maria Nanino,  Gerónimo González,  John Taverner  ... 
    Performer:  Mitchell Sandler,  Ted Bakkila,  Neal Rogers,  Terry Larsen  ... 
    Conductor:  Louis Botto
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chanticleer
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 6.
    Alfred Deller Complete Vanguard Recordings - Christmas Carols & Motets / 4-Disc Set
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 192 Release Date: 10/14/2008   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Leonel Power,  Ludwig Senfl,  Thomas Stoltzer,  Heinrich Isaac  ... 
    Performer:  Mark Deller,  Honor Sheppard,  Robert Tear,  Alfred Deller  ... 
    Conductor:  René Clemencic,  Alfred Deller
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Musica Antiqua,  Deller Consort
    CD: $27.49
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  • 7.
    Stoltzer: Four German Psalms / Ruhland, Kapella Antiqua
    Label: Sony Classical Seon   Catalog: 62940 Release Date: 08/08/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Thomas Stoltzer
    Conductor:  Konrad Ruhland
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Capella Antiqua
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 8.
    Stoltzer: Erzurne Dich Night / Bruser, Josquin Capella
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 6051394 Release Date: 08/22/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Thomas Stoltzer
    Conductor:  Meinolf Brüser
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Josquin Capella
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  • 9.
    Riemenschneider: Music Of His Time
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8558145 Release Date: 01/01/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Jean Mouton,  Heinrich Finck,  Paul Hofhaimer  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernhard Bohm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Il Curioso,  Hedos Ensemble
    CD: $12.99
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  • 10.
    Label: Hungaroton   Catalog: 32079 Release Date: 10/21/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Thomas Stoltzer,  Anonymous
    CD: $19.99
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  • 11.
    40 Years - Five Centuries Of Music / American Brass Quintet
    Label: Summit Records   Catalog: 263 Release Date: 04/11/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josquin Des Préz,  Thomas Stoltzer,  William Brade,  Luigi Cherubini  ... 
    Performer:  Kevin Cobb,  Raymond Mase,  Michael Powell,  John Rojak  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  American Brass Quintet
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 12.
    Garden Of Sounds - Improvisations For Clarinet & Percussion / Stoltzman, Nexus
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1108 Release Date: 03/01/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Stoltzman,  Thomas Stoltzer
    Performer:  Richard Stoltzman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Nexus
    CD: $21.49
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  • 13.
    The Triumphs Of Maximilian - Senfl, Isaac, Des Prez, Et Al
    Label: Signum U.k.   Catalog: 4 Release Date: 04/01/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig Senfl,  Heinrich Finck,  Georg Rhau,  Heinrich Isaac  ... 
    Performer:  John Potter
    Conductor:  Philip Thorby
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musica Antiqua of London
    CD: $17.99
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  • 14.
    The Spirit Of The Renaissance / Weser Renaissance
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 999294 Release Date: 09/19/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Orlando de Lassus,  Hans Leo Hassler,  Philipp Dulichius,  Leonhard Lechner  ... 
    Conductor:  Manfred Cordes
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Weser Renaissance
    CD: $17.99
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