Johann Wenzel Stamitz

Biography

Born: June 19, 1717 in Nemecký    Died: March 27, 1757 in Mannheim, Germany  
Johann Stamitz was an important composer of the early Classical period, notable as the chief member of the so-called Mannheim School. His innovations in the development of the symphony clearly place him in the pioneering ranks of his time. Stamitz was the first major composer to become identified with the use of four movements in the symphony. Moreover, he often used a third movement minuet with a trio, a form that many others would adopt later Read more on, including Beethoven. His first movements often approximated the structure of what would become the typical sonata form of first subject, second subject, development and reprise. He produced at least 72 symphonies, though about 58 survive. He also wrote ten orchestral trios, nine of which come from his mature period and nearly rank with his symphonies in importance. In addition, he wrote a number of concertos, chamber music, and sacred music. None of his original manuscripts have survived, thus creating difficulties in dating some of his compositions.

Stamitz was born probably in mid-June, 1717. His father was an organist and schoolmaster who gave him his first music lessons. In 1728, young Johann, already proficient on the violin, entered the Jesuit-run Gymnasium in Jihlava, known for its excellence in music education. He left the gymnasium in 1734, and, after a brief period of study at Prague University, seems to have launched a career as a concert violinist. His activities from this point until 1741 are not known, though one can speculate that whatever career inroads he made were mostly insignificant.

By 1742, however, he had become a respected violinist in Mannheim and the following year advanced from a lower-chair position in the Mannheim Court orchestra to the first chair post. He was eventually appointed conductor, (actually "leader") of the ensemble. Stamitz undoubtedly wrote many of his early symphonies during the early- and mid-1740s. He probably began writing for the Court chapel by the latter time, as well.

In 1744, Stamitz married Maria Antonia Lüneborn. He was shaping his Mannheim Court ensemble now into one of the finest orchestras in Europe. As a conductor, he was known to be a perfectionist, able to achieve performances of the highest standards. He toured Germany with the group, both he and the players receiving lavish praise in every city where they performed. The orchestra became associated with a group of composers, the so-called Mannheim School, at the head of which stood Stamitz, and whose members included Ignaz Holzbauer (1711 - 1783), Franz Xaver Richter (1709 - 1789), and later on Christian Cannibich (1731 - 1798) and Stamitz's son, Karl (d. 1801).

In 1750, Stamitz was appointed director of chamber music at the Court. This was a newly-created post, probably given him as a result of the success of his compositions in this genre. By now, some of his six trios for violin, flute, and basso continuo had been written, as well as sonatas for violin and basso continuo.

By the early-1750s, Stamitz was turning out symphonies of greater sophistication. They were usually comprised of four movements now, and his handling of structure and thematic development was more assured. In the summer of 1754, Stamitz departed for Paris, where he was already a celebrity owing to his widely performed compositions. He enjoyed much acclaim on his tour there. The composer returned from Paris in 1755, and thereafter not much is known about his remaining years. Though Stamitz was still a young man, his health must have begun to decline rapidly. He died at the age of thirty-nine. Read less
Stamitz: Orchestral Trios Vol 1 / Armstrong, New Zealand Co
Release Date: 02/20/1996   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553213   Number of Discs: 1
On sale! $9.99
CD: $6.99
In Stock
On sale!   $9.99   CD:  $6.99 Add CD to Cart

Stamitz: Symphonies Vol 1 / Armstrong, New Zealand Co
Release Date: 02/20/1996   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553194   Number of Discs: 1
On sale! $9.99
CD: $6.99
In Stock
On sale!   $9.99   CD:  $6.99 Add CD to Cart

Johann Stamitz: Flute Concertos / Aitken, Katkus
Release Date: 11/17/2009   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8570150   Number of Discs: 1
On sale! $9.99
CD: $6.99
In Stock
On sale!   $9.99   CD:  $6.99 Add CD to Cart

Browse 26-47 of 47 Available Recordings
1 2
  • 26.
    Music at the Court of Mannheim / Harnoncourt, Concentus musicus Wien
    Label: Teldec Das Alte Werk   Catalog: 433212 Release Date: 02/26/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Christian Bach,  Ignaz Holzbauer,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Franz Xaver Richter
    Performer:  Jürg Schaeftlein,  Alice Harnoncourt,  Nikolaus Harnoncourt,  Kurt Theiner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Concentus Musicus
    CD: $12.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $12.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 27.
    Johann & Carl Stamitz / Hall, Camerata Chicago, Et Al
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 2860 Release Date: 11/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Stamitz
    Conductor:  Drostan Hall
    CD: $17.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $17.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 28.
    The Art Of The Trumpet - Albinoni, Haydn, Telemann, Vivaldi, Takemitsu, Etc / Hĺkan Hardenberger
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000972002 Release Date: 09/11/2007   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Tomaso Albinoni,  Giuseppe Torelli  ... 
    Performer:  Hĺkan Hardenberger,  Reinhold Friedrich,  Karl-Ernst Schröder,  Sergio Azzolini  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Musici,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
    Recommendation
    On sale! $39.98
    CD: $32.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $39.98   CD:  $32.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 29.
    Stamitz: Viola Concertos / Peruska, Belohlavek
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 3929 Release Date: 06/26/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Carl Stamitz,  Anton Stamitz
    Performer:  Jan Peruska
    Conductor:  Jiří Bělohlávek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Chamber Orchestra,  Prague Philharmonia
    Recommendation
    CD: $17.99
    Low Stock
    CD:  $17.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 30.
    Baroque Bohemia & Beyond Vol 1 - Benda, Richter, Bárta, Stamic, Vanhal
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1001 Release Date: 06/12/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Baptist Vanhal,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Franz Xaver Richter,  Josef Bárta  ... 
    Performer:  Vojtech Spurny
    Conductor:  Vojtech Spurny
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Chamber Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $9.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 31.
    Discover - Music Of The Classical Era
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8558180-81 Release Date: 11/01/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Roman Hoffstetter,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach,  Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf  ... 
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó,  Kálmán Berkes,  Joseph Payne,  Phoebe Payne  ... 
    Conductor:  Barry Wordsworth,  Uwe Grodd,  Mátyás Antal,  Kálmán Berkes  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kodály String Quartet,  Capella Istropolitana,  Failoni Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $12.99
    CD: $9.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $12.99   CD:  $9.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 32.
    Super Audio Cd Sampler Vol 2
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186086 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gottfried August Homilius,  Richard Wagner,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Bram Beekman,  Andrew Marriner,  Julia Fischer,  Mari Kodama
    Conductor:  Yakov Kreizberg,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Ed Spanjaard,  Simon Murphy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Netherlands Chamber Choir  ... 
    SuperAudio CD: $11.99
    In Stock
    SuperAudio CD:  $11.99 Add to Cart

  • 33.
    Mozart, Haydn, Henze, Stamitz / Kavakos
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 629041 Release Date: 03/29/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Hans Werner Henze,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz
    Performer:  Leonidas Kavakos
    Conductor:  Leonidas Kavakos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Camerata Salzburg
    CD: $19.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $19.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 34.
    J. Stamitz, F.x. Richter: Early String Symphonies Vol 2
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186029 Release Date: 03/23/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Franz Xaver Richter
    Conductor:  Simon Murphy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Dutch Academy
    SuperAudio CD: $19.99
    In Stock
    SuperAudio CD:  $19.99 Add to Cart

  • 35.
    Gossec: Symphonies; Stamitz: Clarinet Concerto / Van Waas, Les Agrémens
    Label: Ricercar   Catalog: 218 Release Date: 09/30/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  François Joseph Gossec,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz
    Performer:  Guy van Waas
    Conductor:  Guy Van Waas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Agrémens
    CD: $18.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $18.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 36.
    Raretés Classiques Du Xviiie Siecle / Oliver, Feldman
    Label: Eroica Classical Recordings   Catalog: 3125 Release Date: 08/05/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Tartini,  Jan Jiri Benda,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Giovanni Battista Sammartini
    Performer:  Sarn Oliver
    Conductor:  David Feldman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montpelier Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $13.99
    Special Order
    CD:  $13.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 37.
    J. Stamitz, F.x. Richter: Early String Symphonies / Murphy
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186028 Release Date: 05/27/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Franz Xaver Richter
    Conductor:  Simon Murphy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Dutch Academy
    SuperAudio CD: $19.99
    In Stock
    SuperAudio CD:  $19.99 Add to Cart

  • 38.
    Splendor Of The Classical Clarinet - Concertos / Rapin, Etc
    Label: Cascavelle   Catalog: 3058 Release Date: 04/08/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Stamitz,  Franz Anton Hoffmeister,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Franz Xaver Pokorny
    Performer:  Frédéric Rapin
    Conductor:  Jean-François Antonioli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Arpeggione Ensemble
    On sale! $19.98
    CD: $16.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $19.98   CD:  $16.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 39.
    Label: Antes Edition   Catalog: 319159 Release Date: 10/30/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Friedrich Kuhlau,  Paul Hindemith,  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Mathias Von Brenndorff
    CD: $22.49
    In Stock
    CD:  $22.49 Add CD to Cart

  • 40.
    Johann & Carl Stamitz: Clarinet Concertos / Sabine Meyer
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 7548422 Release Date: 03/06/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Stamitz,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz
    Performer:  Sabine Meyer
    Conductor:  Iona Brown
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
    Recommendation
    ArkivCD $16.99
    Special Order
    ArkivCD:  $16.99 Add to Cart

  • 41.
    Famous Classical Trumpet Concertos - Albinoni, Haydn, Et Al
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 464028 Release Date: 01/11/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Johann Wilhelm Hertel,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Hĺkan Hardenberger,  Simon Preston
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Elgar Howarth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  I Musici
    Recommendation
    CD: $18.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $18.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 42.
    The 18th Century Symphony - Stamitz: Symphonies Vol 2 / Ward
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554447 Release Date: 05/11/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Stamitz
    Conductor:  Nicholas Ward
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Northern Chamber Orchestra
    On sale! $9.99
    CD: $6.99
    Back Order
    On sale!   $9.99   CD:  $6.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 43.
    Stamitz: Missa Solemnis, Etc / Helbich, Frimmer, Et Al
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 999471 Release Date: 05/12/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Stamitz
    Performer:  Monica Frimmer,  Tom Sol,  Sylvia Schlüter,  Harry Van Berne
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Helbich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bremen Baroque Orchestra,  Alsfeld Vocal Ensemble
    CD: $17.99
    Low Stock
    CD:  $17.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 44.
    Hansgeorg Schmeiser Plays Music For Solo Flute
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 5522 Release Date: 09/16/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Sigfrid Karg-Elert  ... 
    Performer:  Hansgeorg Schmeiser
    Recommendation
    CD: $18.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $18.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 45.
    Stamitz: Orchestral Trios Vol 1 / Armstrong, New Zealand Co
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553213 Release Date: 02/20/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Stamitz
    Conductor:  Donald Armstrong
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Zealand Chamber Orchestra
    On sale! $9.99
    CD: $6.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $9.99   CD:  $6.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 46.
    Stamitz: Symphonies Vol 1 / Armstrong, New Zealand Co
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553194 Release Date: 02/20/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Stamitz
    Conductor:  Donald Armstrong
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Zealand Chamber Orchestra
    On sale! $9.99
    CD: $6.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $9.99   CD:  $6.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 47.
    Stamitz, Richter, Haydn: Flute Concertos / Kuijken, Lamon
    Label: Sony Classical Vivarte Series   Catalog: 48045 Release Date: 05/05/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Christoph W. Gluck,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Franz Xaver Richter  ... 
    Performer:  Claire Guimond,  Barthold Kuijken
    Conductor:  Jeanne Lamon
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tafelmusik
    Recommendation
    ArkivCD $16.99
    Low Stock
    ArkivCD:  $16.99 Add to Cart

1 2