Johann Wenzel Stamitz


Born: June 19, 1717 in Nemecký    Died: March 27, 1757 in Mannheim, Germany  
Johann Stamitz was an important composer of the early Classical period, notable as the chief member of the so-called Mannheim School. His innovations in the development of the symphony clearly place him in the pioneering ranks of his time. Stamitz was the first major composer to become identified with the use of four movements in the symphony. Moreover, he often used a third movement minuet with a trio, a form that many others would adopt later Read more on, including Beethoven. His first movements often approximated the structure of what would become the typical sonata form of first subject, second subject, development and reprise. He produced at least 72 symphonies, though about 58 survive. He also wrote ten orchestral trios, nine of which come from his mature period and nearly rank with his symphonies in importance. In addition, he wrote a number of concertos, chamber music, and sacred music. None of his original manuscripts have survived, thus creating difficulties in dating some of his compositions.

Stamitz was born probably in mid-June, 1717. His father was an organist and schoolmaster who gave him his first music lessons. In 1728, young Johann, already proficient on the violin, entered the Jesuit-run Gymnasium in Jihlava, known for its excellence in music education. He left the gymnasium in 1734, and, after a brief period of study at Prague University, seems to have launched a career as a concert violinist. His activities from this point until 1741 are not known, though one can speculate that whatever career inroads he made were mostly insignificant.

By 1742, however, he had become a respected violinist in Mannheim and the following year advanced from a lower-chair position in the Mannheim Court orchestra to the first chair post. He was eventually appointed conductor, (actually "leader") of the ensemble. Stamitz undoubtedly wrote many of his early symphonies during the early- and mid-1740s. He probably began writing for the Court chapel by the latter time, as well.

In 1744, Stamitz married Maria Antonia Lüneborn. He was shaping his Mannheim Court ensemble now into one of the finest orchestras in Europe. As a conductor, he was known to be a perfectionist, able to achieve performances of the highest standards. He toured Germany with the group, both he and the players receiving lavish praise in every city where they performed. The orchestra became associated with a group of composers, the so-called Mannheim School, at the head of which stood Stamitz, and whose members included Ignaz Holzbauer (1711 - 1783), Franz Xaver Richter (1709 - 1789), and later on Christian Cannibich (1731 - 1798) and Stamitz's son, Karl (d. 1801).

In 1750, Stamitz was appointed director of chamber music at the Court. This was a newly-created post, probably given him as a result of the success of his compositions in this genre. By now, some of his six trios for violin, flute, and basso continuo had been written, as well as sonatas for violin and basso continuo.

By the early-1750s, Stamitz was turning out symphonies of greater sophistication. They were usually comprised of four movements now, and his handling of structure and thematic development was more assured. In the summer of 1754, Stamitz departed for Paris, where he was already a celebrity owing to his widely performed compositions. He enjoyed much acclaim on his tour there. The composer returned from Paris in 1755, and thereafter not much is known about his remaining years. Though Stamitz was still a young man, his health must have begun to decline rapidly. He died at the age of thirty-nine. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 43 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    New Era / Ottensamer, Pahud, Mayer, Potsdam Chamber Academy
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002618802 Release Date: 02/10/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Franz Danzi,  Carl Stamitz,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Andreas Ottensamer,  Albrecht Mayer,  Emmanuel Pahud
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Potsdam Chamber Academy
    CD: $21.99
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  • 2.
    Vivarte Collection, Vol. 2
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 2367 Release Date: 11/18/2016   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Markus Schäfer,  Jonas Will,  Johannes Pohl,  Harry Van der Kamp  ... 
    Conductor:  Konrad Ruhland,  Gustav Leonhardt,  Frieder Bernius,  Bruno Weil  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Niederaltaich Scholars,  Tölz Boys Choir,  Baroque Orchestra  ... 
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  • 3.
    Flute Concertos & Sonatas
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88725463922 Release Date: 06/10/2016   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Carl Stamitz,  Franz Xaver Richter,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Barthold Kuijken,  Claire Guimond,  Frans Brüggen,  Bob van Asperen  ... 
    Conductor:  Jeanne Lamon
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tafelmusik Baroque Orchestra
    CD: $22.99
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  • 4.
    Levitzki: Complete Works for Solo Piano / Glebov
    Label: Toccata Classics   Catalog: 334 Release Date: 05/27/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mischa Levitzki,  Ossip Gabrilowitsch,  César Franck,  Alessandro Grazioli  ... 
    Performer:  Margarita Glebov
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  • 5.
    Zu Gast Im Blauen Haus
    Label: Ars Produktion   Catalog: 38185 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Johann Christian Bach,  Anton Fils,  Carl Stamitz  ... 
    Performer:  German Echeverri Chamorro,  Karoline Echeverri Klemm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Der Musikalische Garten
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  • 6.
    The Florilegium Series - Classical & Early Romantic
    Label: L'oiseau Lyre   Catalog: 002386502 Release Date: 10/15/2015   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Luigi Boccherini,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Domenico Cimarosa  ... 
    Performer:  Alan Hacker,  Anthony Rolfe Johnson,  Emma Kirkby,  Michael George  ... 
    Conductor:  Christopher Hogwood,  Simon Preston,  Alan Hacker,  Arnold Östman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of Ancient Music,  The Music Party,  Oxford New College Choir  ... 
    CD: $148.49
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  • 7.
    Jean-Pierre Rampal: The Complete Erato Recordings, Vol. 3 1970-1982
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 552118 Release Date: 09/18/2015   Number of Discs: 23
    Composer:  Johann Melchoir Molter,  Giuseppe Tartini,  Aram Khachaturian,  César Franck  ... 
    Performer:  Jean-Pierre Rampal,  Pierre Barbizet,  Robert Veyron-Lacroix,  Marie-Claire Alain  ... 
    Conductor:  Jean-François Paillard,  Claudio Scimone,  Jean Martinon,  Isaac Stern  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Solisti Veneti,  Trio Pasquier,  Les Solistes De Ličge
    CD: $68.99
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  • 8.
    The Parisian Symphony
    Label: Ricercar   Catalog: 357 Release Date: 06/30/2015   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  André Modeste Grétry,  François Joseph Gossec,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Joseph Martin Kraus  ... 
    Performer:  Sophie Karthäuser,  Jan de Winne,  Patrick Cohën-Akenine,  François Poly  ... 
    Conductor:  Guy Van Waas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Agrémens
    CD: $37.49
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  • 9.
    Tafelmusik Baroque Orchestra - The Complete Sony Recordings
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88875030622 Release Date: 06/16/2015   Number of Discs: 47
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wilhelm Friedemann Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Heinrich Ignaz Biber  ... 
    Performer:  Jeanne Lamon,  Stephen Marvin,  Christina Mahler,  Ivars Taurins  ... 
    Conductor:  Jeanne Lamon,  Bruno Weil,  Frieder Bernius
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tafelmusik Baroque Orchestra,  Stuttgart Chamber Choir,  Tölz Boys Choir  ... 
    CD: $72.49
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  • 10.
    Stamitz: Violin Sonatas, Op. 6 / Schardt, Behringer
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 9031862 Release Date: 12/02/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Stamitz
    Performer:  Stephan Schardt,  Michael Behringer
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  • 11.
    Time Reflexion / Chouchane Siranossian
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 885 Release Date: 11/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Friedrich Wilhelm Rust,  Jean-Marie Leclair,  Bechara El-Khoury,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz  ... 
    Performer:  Chouchane Siranossian,  Rudiger Lotter,  Jean-Marc Phillips-Varjabédian,  Levon Chatikian
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  • 12.
    100 Great Symphonies
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002054602 Release Date: 06/03/2014   Number of Discs: 56
    Composer:  Giovanni Battista Sammartini,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf,  Johann Christian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Gwyneth Jones,  Hanna Schwarz,  René Kollo,  Kurt Moll  ... 
    Conductor:  Kevin Mallon,  Christopher Hogwood,  Thomas Füri,  Sir Neville Marriner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Aradia Ensemble,  Academy of Ancient Music,  Camerata Bern  ... 
    CD: $245.99
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  • 13.
    Baroque Bohemia & Beyond Vol 7
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1251 Release Date: 02/04/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jan Krtitel Kuchar,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Josef F. Norbert Seger,  Jan Hatas  ... 
    Conductor:  Vojtech Spurny
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Chamber Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 14.
    Birth of the Symphony: Handel to Haydn / Egarr, Academy of Ancient Music
    Label: Aam Records   Catalog: 1 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Xaver Richter  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Egarr
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of Ancient Music
    CD: $18.99
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  • 15.
    Das Alte Werk - 50-CD Collection
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 46438 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  George Frideric Handel,  Orlando Gibbons  ... 
    Performer:  Herbert Tachezi,  Gustav Leonhardt,  Frans Brüggen,  Jeannette Van Wingerden  ... 
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt,  Gustav Leonhardt,  Werner Ehrhardt,  Giovanni Antonini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Concentus Musicus,  Leonhardt Consort,  Studio for Early Music  ... 
    CD: $230.49
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  • 16.
    Fiori Musicali
    Label: Solo Musica   Catalog: 190 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Giuseppe Sammartini,  Heinrich Ignaz Biber,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Lorena Espina,  Alexandra Uhlig,  Robert Buschek,  Klemens Sander  ... 
    Conductor:  Christian Birnbaum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Baroque Ensemble of the Vienna Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $48.99
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  • 17.
    Clarinet Concertos / Sabine Meyer
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 73572 Release Date: 10/09/2012   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Carl Stamitz,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Franz Krommer  ... 
    Performer:  Sabine Meyer,  Sergio Azzolini,  Bruno Schneider,  Diethelm Jonas  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Vonk,  Iona Brown,  Jörg Faerber,  Herbert Blomstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Württemberg Chamber Orchestra Heilbronn
    CD: $19.99
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  • 18.
    The Concerto Koln Christmas Album
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300276 Release Date: 10/09/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Marc-Antoine Charpentier,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Pavel Josef Vejvanovsky  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Concerto Cologne
    CD: $18.99
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  • 19.
    Johann & Carl Stamitz: Klarinettenkonzerte, Vol. 1
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64572 Release Date: 05/22/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Stamitz,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz
    Performer:  Sabine Meyer
    Conductor:  Iona Brown
    CD: $12.99
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  • 20.
    Baroque Bohemia & Beyond Vol 5 / Petr Chromcak, Czech Chamber Philharmonic
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1101 Release Date: 11/22/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf,  Wenzel Kallick,  Dominik Josef Skroup,  Jan Krtitel Neruda  ... 
    Performer:  Martin Kos,  Igor Fantisak,  Eliska Adamova,  Karel Vencour  ... 
    Conductor:  Petr Chromcak
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Chamber Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 21.
    Johann Stamitz: Flute Concertos / Aitken, Katkus
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8570150 Release Date: 11/17/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Stamitz
    Performer:  Robert Aitken
    Conductor:  Donatas Katkus
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Christopher Chamber Orchestra Lithuania
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  • 22.
    Stamitz, Hoffmeister, Pokorny: Clarinet Concertos / Brunner
    Label: Tudor Records   Catalog: 7008 Release Date: 06/29/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Franz Xaver Pokorny,  Franz Anton Hoffmeister
    Performer:  Eduard Brunner
    Conductor:  Hans Stadlmair
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Chamber Orchestra
    CD: $19.99
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  • 23.
    Stamitz: Clarinet Concerti, Orchestral Quartet, Etc / Ferro, Bjorlin, Deinzer, Engel, Et Al
    Label: Phoenix Edition   Catalog: 177 Release Date: 01/27/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Stamitz,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz
    Performer:  Hans Deinzer,  Jann Engel
    Conductor:  Gabriele Ferro,  Ulf Björlin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cappella Coloniensis
    CD: $11.99
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  • 24.
    Music at the Court of Mannheim / Harnoncourt, Concentus musicus Wien
    Label: Teldec Das Alte Werk   Catalog: 433212 Release Date: 02/26/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Christian Bach,  Ignaz Holzbauer,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Franz Xaver Richter
    Performer:  Jürg Schaeftlein,  Alice Harnoncourt,  Nikolaus Harnoncourt,  Kurt Theiner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Concentus Musicus
    CD: $12.99
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  • 25.
    Johann & Carl Stamitz / Hall, Camerata Chicago, Et Al
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 2860 Release Date: 11/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Stamitz
    Conductor:  Drostan Hall
    CD: $17.99
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