Fernando Sor

Biography

Born: February 14, 1778; Barcelona, Spain   Died: July 10, 1839; Paris, France  
Spanish composer Fernando Sor (originally Sors), despite having composed prolifically for various vocal and instrumental ensembles, is remembered today chiefly as a virtuoso guitarist whose hundred-plus compositions for that instrument constitute a vital part of its concert repertory. While the exact date of Sor's birth remains unknown, he is known to have been born in Barcelona and baptized on Valentine's Day in the year 1778. Of Catalan Read more ancestry, Sor attended the choir school at Montserrat monastery and later enrolled in Barcelona's military academy. After the production of his opera Telemaco nell'isola de Calipso in 1797 he moved to Madrid, where he served in a number of minor administrative positions and continued to compose privately. During the French invasion of 1808 Sor's military background and patriotism roused him to fight against the invaders, though by 1810 he had resigned himself to the presence of the new regime; when the French withdrew three years later Sor opted, along with countless other Spanish artists and intellectuals, to return to Paris with them.

After two years of teaching guitar and performing in various Parisian venues, Sor moved to London and remained there for eight years (1815-1823). Many of his works were published there, and his thirty-three Italian vocal ariettas (published in groups of three) made a particularly strong impact. Sor also gained fame after directing his energies toward the ballet; Cendrillon (1822) achieved the most favorable critical and public response and was successfully transplanted to Paris in 1822. When the Bolshoi theater in Moscow showed an interest in the work for the 1823 season, Sor accompanied the lead dancers to Moscow. He limited his compositional activities to music for the guitar while staying in Russia, and by the time he returned to Paris in 1826 he had several works for the instrument ready for publication and had completed much of the work on a Méthode pour la guitare, eventually published in Paris in 1830. Except for occasional trips abroad, such as a journey to London in 1828 to oversee production of a new ballet, Hassan et le calife, Sor remained in Paris, composing and teaching guitar, until his death in 1839.

Much of Sor's music that has survived (two symphonies, three string quartets and any number of smaller pieces have been lost since his death) has been abandoned by performers, but his music for the guitar lives on. Much of his reputation is based on the continued use of his Méthode by teachers and students of classical guitar. Sor's musical style derives largely from an awareness of the late eighteenth century German masters (in particular Haydn); his guitar music, with its independent voices and occasionally contrapuntal textures, shows a tendency to move away from the largely chordal textures that had been common up to that point. Read less
Browse 26-50 of 233 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Arbol Del Olvido / Pezzimenti, Rowe, Enlow, Rose
    Label: Cd Baby   Catalog: 5637942446 Release Date: 05/22/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Manuel de Falla,  Alberto Ginastera,  Fernando Sor  ... 
    Performer:  Brian Rowe,  Carlo Pezzimenti,  Leslie Enlow,  Melody Rose
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  • 27.
    Classical Guitar Performance / Carlos Bonell
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: DYDV1 Release Date: 05/08/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Sanz,  Isaac Albeniz,  Francisco Tarrega,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Carlos Bonell
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  • 28.
    Label: Db Productions   Catalog: 146 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Luis de Narváez,  Alonso de Mudarra,  Gaspar Sanz,  Francisco Tarrega  ... 
    Performer:  Marten Falk
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  • 29.
    Classical Guitar Favourites / Kraft, Garcia, Cassovia, Breiner
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8503260 Release Date: 03/27/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Dionysio Aguado,  Francisco Tarrega,  Niccolò Paganini,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Norbert Kraft,  Gerald Garcia,  Pavol Gimcik,  Maria Licková  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Breiner
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  • 30.
    La Voix de l'Emotion / Montserrat Figueras
    Label: Alia Vox   Catalog: 9889 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Unknown,  Traditional,  Luis de Milan,  Francisco Guerrero  ... 
    Performer:  Montserrat Figueras
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  • 31.
    Mozart For My Baby
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 7317062 Release Date: 02/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Leopold Mozart,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Fernando Sor
    Performer:  Walter Berry,  Olivera Miljakovic,  Christian Zacharias,  Dagmar Schellenberger  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Jörg Faerber
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  • 32.
    Paganini, Giuliani, Sor, Albeniz / Neil Smith
    Label: Unizarre   Catalog: 002 Release Date: 02/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Niccolò Paganini,  Mauro Giuliani,  Isaac Albeniz,  Fernando Sor
    Performer:  Neil Smith
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  • 33.
    Sanz, Sor, Tarrega, Albeniz, Granados / Neil Smith
    Label: Unizarre   Catalog: 001 Release Date: 02/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Sanz,  Francisco Tarrega,  Enrique Granados,  Anonymous  ... 
    Performer:  Neil Smith
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  • 34.
    Cadencia
    Label: Disc Makers   Catalog: 5637891605 Release Date: 01/17/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Ernesto Cordero,  John Dowland  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Malkin-Trybek Duo
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  • 35.
    Guitar Classics Of Spain And Latin America
    Label: Clear Note   Catalog: 74550 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francisco Tarrega,  Luis de Narváez,  Joaquin Turina,  Agustín Barrios Mangoré  ... 
    Performer:  James Flegel
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  • 36.
    Label: Clear Note   Catalog: 74517 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  David Kellner,  Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco,  Philip Houghton,  Joaquin Turina  ... 
    Performer:  Kevin Manderville
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  • 37.
    Granados, Falla, Llobet, Rodrigo, Pujol / Anabel Montesinos
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8572843 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Enrique Granados,  Manuel de Falla,  Miguel Llobet,  Joaquin Rodrigo  ... 
    Performer:  Anabel Montesinos
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  • 38.
    Label: Duo Amaral   Catalog: 50159220 Release Date: 09/09/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Domenico Scarlatti,  Victor Manuel A. Ramirez,  Alberto Ginastera,  Joaquin Rodrigo  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Duo Amaral
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  • 39.
    The Super Audio Collection, Vol. 5
    Label: Linn Records   Catalog: 389 Release Date: 08/30/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Barb Jungr,  Nigel Clark,  Francis Poulenc,  John Ward  ... 
    Performer:  Barb Jungr,  Nigel Clark,  Carol Kidd,  Katherine Bryan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Phantasm (Viol Consort),  Magnificat (UK),  Avison Ensemble  ... 
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  • 40.
    Irina Kulikova - Guitar Laureate
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8572717 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Fernando Sor,  Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco,  J. M Gallardo Del Rey  ... 
    Performer:  Irina Kulikova
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  • 41.
    Change Is Gonna Come
    Label: Alba   Catalog: 313 Release Date: 07/12/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joachim Bernhard Hagen,  Lotta Wennakoski,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  John Dowland  ... 
    Performer:  Petri Kumela
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  • 42.
    Fernando Sor: Le Calme - Late Works For Guitar
    Label: Linn Records   Catalog: 380 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Fernando Sor
    Performer:  William Carter
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  • 43.
    Guitar Favourites / Roland Mueller
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 791 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carlo Domeniconi,  Leo Brouwer,  Yuquijiro Yocoh,  Enrique Granados  ... 
    Performer:  Roland Mueller
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  • 44.
    Guitar Serenity
    Label: Guitar Serenity   Catalog: 5637780002 Release Date: 06/14/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francisco Tarrega,  Ryan Huddleston,  Gaspar Sanz,  Giovanni Zamboni  ... 
    Performer:  Ryan Huddleston
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  • 45.
    Simply Classic
    Label: Wendy Olson   Catalog: 5637789821 Release Date: 06/07/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mauro Giuliani,  Matteo Carcassi,  Brandon,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Wendy Olson
    CD: $14.99
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  • 46.
    Sor: Complete Fantasies For Guitar / Stefano Palamidessi
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 93960 Release Date: 05/31/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Fernando Sor
    Performer:  Stefano Palamidessi
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  • 47.
    Label: Glossa   Catalog: 920111 Release Date: 05/24/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Luis de Narváez,  E López,  Luis de Milan,  Alonso de Mudarra  ... 
    Performer:  José Miguel Moreno
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  • 48.
    Segovia Concert / Jan Depreter
    Label: Cd Baby   Catalog: 5637767336 Release Date: 05/17/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Manuel Ponce,  Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco,  Domenico Scarlatti  ... 
    Performer:  Jan Depreter
    CD: $26.99
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  • 49.
    The Beginning Of A Legend, Vol. 2
    Label: Idi   Catalog: 6613 Release Date: 04/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Heitor Villa-Lobos,  Jorge Gomez Crespo,  Paquita Madriguera,  Francisco Tarrega  ... 
    Performer:  John Williams,  Jose Rey de la Torre
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  • 50.
    Music Of Spain - Rodrigo, Falla, Albeniz / Williams, Entremont, Ormandy, Stokowski
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64340 Release Date: 04/23/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Manuel de Falla,  Isaac Albeniz,  Enrique Granados  ... 
    Performer:  John Williams,  Shirley Verrett,  Teresa Llacuna,  Philippe Entremont  ... 
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy,  Leopold Stokowski,  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic
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