Fernando Sor

Biography

Born: February 14, 1778; Barcelona, Spain   Died: July 10, 1839; Paris, France  
Spanish composer Fernando Sor (originally Sors), despite having composed prolifically for various vocal and instrumental ensembles, is remembered today chiefly as a virtuoso guitarist whose hundred-plus compositions for that instrument constitute a vital part of its concert repertory. While the exact date of Sor's birth remains unknown, he is known to have been born in Barcelona and baptized on Valentine's Day in the year 1778. Of Catalan Read more ancestry, Sor attended the choir school at Montserrat monastery and later enrolled in Barcelona's military academy. After the production of his opera Telemaco nell'isola de Calipso in 1797 he moved to Madrid, where he served in a number of minor administrative positions and continued to compose privately. During the French invasion of 1808 Sor's military background and patriotism roused him to fight against the invaders, though by 1810 he had resigned himself to the presence of the new regime; when the French withdrew three years later Sor opted, along with countless other Spanish artists and intellectuals, to return to Paris with them.

After two years of teaching guitar and performing in various Parisian venues, Sor moved to London and remained there for eight years (1815-1823). Many of his works were published there, and his thirty-three Italian vocal ariettas (published in groups of three) made a particularly strong impact. Sor also gained fame after directing his energies toward the ballet; Cendrillon (1822) achieved the most favorable critical and public response and was successfully transplanted to Paris in 1822. When the Bolshoi theater in Moscow showed an interest in the work for the 1823 season, Sor accompanied the lead dancers to Moscow. He limited his compositional activities to music for the guitar while staying in Russia, and by the time he returned to Paris in 1826 he had several works for the instrument ready for publication and had completed much of the work on a Méthode pour la guitare, eventually published in Paris in 1830. Except for occasional trips abroad, such as a journey to London in 1828 to oversee production of a new ballet, Hassan et le calife, Sor remained in Paris, composing and teaching guitar, until his death in 1839.

Much of Sor's music that has survived (two symphonies, three string quartets and any number of smaller pieces have been lost since his death) has been abandoned by performers, but his music for the guitar lives on. Much of his reputation is based on the continued use of his Méthode by teachers and students of classical guitar. Sor's musical style derives largely from an awareness of the late eighteenth century German masters (in particular Haydn); his guitar music, with its independent voices and occasionally contrapuntal textures, shows a tendency to move away from the largely chordal textures that had been common up to that point. Read less
Browse 26-50 of 182 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    John Williams - Original Album Classics
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 756166 Release Date: 11/10/2009   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Heitor Villa-Lobos,  Niccolň Paganini  ... 
    Performer:  John Williams,  Itzhak Perlman,  Julian Bream
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim,  Sir Charles Groves
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra
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  • 27.
    La Guitarra: Spanish Music For Guitar / Tuomo Tirronen
    Label: Msr   Catalog: 1317 Release Date: 11/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francisco Tarrega,  Miguel Llobet,  Fernando Sor,  Emilio Pujol-Villarrubi  ... 
    Performer:  Tuomo Tirronen
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  • 28.
    Sor, Coste: Guitar Duets / Maccari, Pugliese
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 93898 Release Date: 10/13/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Fernando Sor,  Napoléon Coste
    Performer:  Claudio Maccari,  Paolo Pugliese
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  • 29.
    Spanish Songs For Soprano & Guitar / Patricia Rozario, Craig Ogden
    Label: Somm   Catalog: 78 Release Date: 09/08/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Roberto Gerhard,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Fernando Sor
    Performer:  Craig Ogden,  Patricia Rozario
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  • 30.
    Segovia  - The American Decca Recordings Vol 1
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4778133 Release Date: 05/26/2009   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Enrique Granados,  Luis de Milan,  Gaspar Sanz  ... 
    Performer:  Andrés Segovia
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  • 31.
    Spanish Guitar Composers - Albeniz, Granados, Ponce, Rodrigo, Sor, Tarrega, Etc / Andrés Segovia
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 375 Release Date: 03/31/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Enrique Granados,  Joaquin Malats,  Manuel Ponce  ... 
    Performer:  Andrés Segovia
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  • 32.
    The Dance Album / Kristo Kao
    Label: Cd Baby   Catalog: 5637364908 Release Date: 03/24/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jorge Morel,  Heitor Villa-Lobos,  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Edmar Fenicio  ... 
    Performer:  Kristo Käo
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  • 33.
    Sor: Guitar Music / Eduardo Fernández
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 425821 Release Date: 01/30/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Fernando Sor
    Performer:  Eduardo Fernandez
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  • 34.
    Eternal Guitar
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8572182 Release Date: 01/27/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Napoléon Coste,  Joaquin Rodrigo  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Garcia,  Enno Voorhorst,  Jeffrey McFadden,  Jérémy Jouve  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Breiner,  Johannes Wildner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Camerata Cassovia
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  • 35.
    Eduardo Fernandez - Legnani, Giuliani, Sor, Diabelli, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 414160 Release Date: 01/07/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Diabelli,  Mauro Giuliani,  Luigi Legnani,  Niccolň Paganini  ... 
    Performer:  Eduardo Fernandez
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  • 36.
    Viva Espańa! / Duo Alba
    Label: Atma Classique   Catalog: 1011 Release Date: 01/01/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla,  Enrique Granados,  Juan Manuel Cortés,  Joaquin Rodrigo  ... 
    Performer:  Isabelle Héroux,  Alain Leblanc
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Duo Alba
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  • 37.
    Legendary Treasures - Segovia And His Contemporaries Vol 11
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 9755 Release Date: 11/11/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Francisco Tarrega,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Nelly Ezcaray,  Miguel Llobet,  Maria Luisa Anido  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Aguilar-Pages Duo,  Iriarte-Pesoa Duo,  Spina-Baudino Duo  ... 
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  • 38.
    Sor: Guitar Music / Göran Söllscher
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 419247 Release Date: 10/29/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Fernando Sor
    Performer:  Göran Söllscher
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  • 39.
    Classical Dreams / Norrington, Winschermann,  Zhukov, Hartung, Et Al
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 8065 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Fernando Sor,  Josef Suk  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Zehetmair,  Antonio Meneses,  Wilhelm Backhaus,  Friedemann Wuttke  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling,  Volker Hartung,  Roger Norrington,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  European Philharmonic Orchestra,  Camerata Salzburg  ... 
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  • 40.
    Andrés Segovia - The Master Guitarist
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 8077 Release Date: 09/02/2008   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Manuel Ponce,  Federico Moreno-Torroba,  Fernando Sor,  Francisco Tarrega  ... 
    Performer:  Andrés Segovia
    Conductor:  Alec Sherman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New London Orchestra
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  • 41.
    Art And Music - Goya - Music Of His Time
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8558178 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  Domenico Scarlatti,  François Joseph Gossec,  Antonio Soler  ... 
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  • 42.
    Laureate Series, Guitar -  Rafael Aguirre Minarro
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8572064 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Fernando Sor,  Jacques Ibert,  Francisco Tarrega,  Heitor Villa-Lobos  ... 
    Performer:  Rafael Aguirre Minarro
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  • 43.
    Sor: Twelve Studies, Fantasia In C Minor / Goran Krivokapic
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8570502 Release Date: 07/29/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Fernando Sor
    Performer:  Goran Krivokapic
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  • 44.
    Best Guitar 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 15241 Release Date: 06/24/2008   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Manuel de Falla,  Enrique Granados  ... 
    Performer:  Christopher Parkening,  Ernesto Bitetti,  Manuel Barrueco,  Dario Rossetti-Bonell  ... 
    Conductor:  Antoni Ros Marbŕ,  Jeremy Lubbock,  Elmer Bernstein,  Simon Rattle  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra members  ... 
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  • 45.
    Classical Essentials - Guitar Essentials - Albeniz, Bach, Etc / Sharon Isbin, Alexander-sergei Ramirez
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17685 Release Date: 04/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francisco Tarrega,  Regino Sainz de la Maza,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gaspar Sanz  ... 
    Performer:  Sharon Isbin,  Alexander-Sergei Ramirez
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  • 46.
    Guitar Classics - Mozart, Bach, Handel, Albeniz, Sor
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 69146 Release Date: 03/26/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Georg Lawall,  Fernando Sor,  Francisco Tarrega  ... 
    Performer:  Georg Lawall
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  • 47.
    Sor: Seguidillas Boleras / Diaz-latorre,  Laberintos Ingeniosos
    Label: Zig Zag   Catalog: 80201 Release Date: 03/11/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Fernando Sor,  Nilo Menéndez
    Performer:  Xavier Díaz-Latorre,  Enrike Solinis
    Conductor:  Xavier Díaz-Latorre
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Labirentos Ingeniosos
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  • 48.
    The Essential Julian Bream
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 721340 Release Date: 01/15/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Malcolm Arnold,  Enrique Granados,  Mauro Giuliani  ... 
    Performer:  Julian Bream,  George Malcolm,  Robert Spencer,  Desmond Dupré  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Julian Bream Consort
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  • 49.
    The #1 Guitar Album - Segovia, Romero, Bream, Lagoya, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001041302 Release Date: 01/08/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Antonio Vivaldi,  John Dowland,  Domenico Scarlatti  ... 
    Performer:  Andrés Segovia,  Göran Söllscher,  Pepe Romero,  Ida Presti  ... 
    Conductor:  Kenneth Sillito,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Nick Ingman,  Mats Rondin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Musici,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Budapest Film Orchestra  ... 
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  • 50.
    Greensleeves - Göran Söllscher, Guitar
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 413325 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michelangelo Galilei,  Fernando Sor,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Silvius Leopold Weiss  ... 
    Performer:  Göran Söllscher
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