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Fernando Sor

Biography

Born: February 14, 1778; Barcelona, Spain   Died: July 10, 1839; Paris, France  
Spanish composer Fernando Sor (originally Sors), despite having composed prolifically for various vocal and instrumental ensembles, is remembered today chiefly as a virtuoso guitarist whose hundred-plus compositions for that instrument constitute a vital part of its concert repertory. While the exact date of Sor's birth remains unknown, he is known to have been born in Barcelona and baptized on Valentine's Day in the year 1778. Of Catalan Read more ancestry, Sor attended the choir school at Montserrat monastery and later enrolled in Barcelona's military academy. After the production of his opera Telemaco nell'isola de Calipso in 1797 he moved to Madrid, where he served in a number of minor administrative positions and continued to compose privately. During the French invasion of 1808 Sor's military background and patriotism roused him to fight against the invaders, though by 1810 he had resigned himself to the presence of the new regime; when the French withdrew three years later Sor opted, along with countless other Spanish artists and intellectuals, to return to Paris with them.

After two years of teaching guitar and performing in various Parisian venues, Sor moved to London and remained there for eight years (1815-1823). Many of his works were published there, and his thirty-three Italian vocal ariettas (published in groups of three) made a particularly strong impact. Sor also gained fame after directing his energies toward the ballet; Cendrillon (1822) achieved the most favorable critical and public response and was successfully transplanted to Paris in 1822. When the Bolshoi theater in Moscow showed an interest in the work for the 1823 season, Sor accompanied the lead dancers to Moscow. He limited his compositional activities to music for the guitar while staying in Russia, and by the time he returned to Paris in 1826 he had several works for the instrument ready for publication and had completed much of the work on a Méthode pour la guitare, eventually published in Paris in 1830. Except for occasional trips abroad, such as a journey to London in 1828 to oversee production of a new ballet, Hassan et le calife, Sor remained in Paris, composing and teaching guitar, until his death in 1839.

Much of Sor's music that has survived (two symphonies, three string quartets and any number of smaller pieces have been lost since his death) has been abandoned by performers, but his music for the guitar lives on. Much of his reputation is based on the continued use of his Méthode by teachers and students of classical guitar. Sor's musical style derives largely from an awareness of the late eighteenth century German masters (in particular Haydn); his guitar music, with its independent voices and occasionally contrapuntal textures, shows a tendency to move away from the largely chordal textures that had been common up to that point. Read less
Guitar Collection - Sor, Aguado, Tárrega / Norbert Kraft
Release Date: 03/21/1995   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553007   Number of Discs: 1
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Sor: Grandes Sonates Opp 22 & 25, Etc / Adam Holzman
Release Date: 03/26/1996   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553340   Number of Discs: 1
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Sor: Guitar Duets Vol 1 / Kubica, Berkel
Release Date: 12/12/1995   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553302   Number of Discs: 1
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Sor: Guitar Duets Vol 2 / Kubica, Berkel
Release Date: 06/10/1997   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553418   Number of Discs: 1
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Guitar Collection - Sor: Trois Pièces, Etc / Marc Teicholz
Release Date: 05/26/1998   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553722   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 201-225 of 232 Available Recordings
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  • 201.
    Vivaldi, Sor, Tarrega, Sanz, Et Al / Simon Schembri
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 848 Release Date: 07/09/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Joao Pernambuco,  Joaquin Valverde,  Heitor Villa-Lobos  ... 
    Performer:  Hélène Dautry,  Claire Vial,  Christian Briere,  Marie-Laure Sogno  ... 
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  • 202.
    Guitar Recital - Sor, Torroba, Hayashi, Et Al /Ichiro Suzuki
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 413 Release Date: 05/21/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Federico Moreno-Torroba,  Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco,  Benjamin Britten,  Hikaru Hayashi  ... 
    Performer:  Ichiro Suzuki
    Conductor:  Hikotaro Yazaki
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gunma Symphony Orchestra
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  • 203.
    Sor: Fantaisies, Etudies / Nicholas Goluses
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553342 Release Date: 05/21/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Fernando Sor
    Performer:  Nicholas Goluses
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  • 204.
    Sor: Grandes Sonates Opp 22 & 25, Etc / Adam Holzman
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553340 Release Date: 03/26/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Fernando Sor
    Performer:  Adam Holzman
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  • 205.
    Blasons Des Fleurs / Elisabeth Mattmann, Claude Chappuis
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 751 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Mauro Giuliani,  Julien-François Zbinden,  Fernando Sor  ... 
    Performer:  Claude Chappuis,  Elisabeth Mattmann
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  • 206.
    Four Centuries Of Guitar Music / Miguel Rubio
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 688 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  Scott Joplin,  Anonymous  ... 
    Performer:  Miguel Rubio
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  • 207.
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 507 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Enrique Granados,  Gaspar Sanz,  Fernando Sor,  Francisco Tarrega  ... 
    Performer:  Dagoberto Linhares,  Raymond Migy
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  • 208.
    Sor: Guitar Duets Vol 1 / Kubica, Berkel
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553302 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Fernando Sor
    Performer:  Robert Kubica,  Wilma Van Berkel
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  • 209.
    Sor: Works For Solo Guitar / Lawrence Johnson
    Label: Elan Recordings   Catalog: 2204 Release Date: 12/01/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Fernando Sor
    Performer:  Lawrence Johnson
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  • 210.
    Duo De Guitares - Boccherini, Sor, Et Al / Obradovic, Leu
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 533 Release Date: 08/18/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Gabriel Fauré,  Pierre Yves Petit,  Francis Kleynjans  ... 
    Performer:  Christophe Leu,  Maya Obradovic
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  • 211.
    Shin-ichi Fukuda Plays 19th Century Guitar - Sor, Coste, Etc
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 78950 Release Date: 07/18/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Kaspar Mertz,  Napoléon Coste,  Dionysio Aguado,  Fernando Sor
    Performer:  Shin-ichi Fukuda
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  • 212.
    Romantic Guitar - Sor, Coste, Regondi / David Starobin
    Label: Gha   Catalog: 126022 Release Date: 04/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giulio Regondi,  Fernando Sor,  Napoléon Coste
    Performer:  David Starobin
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  • 213.
    Guitar Collection - Sor, Aguado, Tárrega / Norbert Kraft
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553007 Release Date: 03/21/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francisco Tarrega,  Fernando Sor,  Dionysio Aguado
    Performer:  Norbert Kraft
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  • 214.
    Los Romeros - Spanish Guitar Favorites
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 442781 Release Date: 03/03/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Jerónimo Giménez,  Celedonio Romero,  Federico Moreno-Torroba  ... 
    Performer:  Pepe Romero,  Celedonio Romero,  Celin Romero,  Celino Romero  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Romeros
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  • 215.
    Popular Guitar Music / Diego Blanco
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 133 Release Date: 09/22/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Vicente Emilio Sojo,  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Antonio Lauro,  Fernando Sor
    Performer:  Diego Blanco
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  • 216.
    Andres Segovia - The Complete 1949 London Recordings
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1043 Release Date: 09/13/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Federico Moreno-Torroba,  Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco,  Manuel Ponce,  Jorge Gomez Crespo  ... 
    Performer:  Andrés Segovia
    Conductor:  Alec Sherman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New London Orchestra
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  • 217.
    Sor: Fantasies / Luis Orlandini
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 999199 Release Date: 02/01/1994   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Fernando Sor
    Performer:  Luis Orlandini
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  • 218.
    Christopher Parkening - The Great Recordings
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 54905 Release Date: 09/14/1993   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Joseph Brackett,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Christopher Parkening,  David Brandon
    Conductor:  Andrew Litton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 219.
    A Song From The East / David Starobin
    Label: Bridge   Catalog: 9004 Release Date: 09/11/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sándor Jemnitz,  Alex Ivanov-Kramskoi,  György Kurtág,  Rezsö Sugár  ... 
    Performer:  David Starobin,  Benjamin Hudson,  Kim Kashkashian,  Susan Palma  ... 
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  • 220.
    The Magic Of The Guitar / Turibio Santos
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 92134 Release Date: 07/06/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Fernando Sor,  Antonio Lauro  ... 
    Performer:  Turibio Santos
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  • 221.
    Together / Julian Bream, John Williams
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 61450 Release Date: 05/25/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Maurice Ravel,  Manuel de Falla,  Enrique Granados  ... 
    Performer:  John Williams,  Julian Bream
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  • 222.
    The Artistry Of Christopher Parkening
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 54853 Release Date: 05/11/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexandre Tansman,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Traditional,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Christopher Parkening
    CD: $15.99
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  • 223.
    Guitar Solos / Pepe Romero
    Label: Philips Insignia Series   Catalog: 434727 Release Date: 04/13/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Celedonio Romero,  Isaac Albeniz,  Enrique Granados,  Fernando Sor  ... 
    Performer:  Pepe Romero
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  • 224.
    Summertime - Music For Guitar And Oboe / Wynberg, Anderson
    Label: Chandos Collect   Catalog: 6581 Release Date: 10/28/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Baptist Vanhal,  Fernando Sor,  Napoléon Coste,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  John Anderson,  Simon Wynberg
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  • 225.
    An Evening Of Guitar Music / Celedonio Romero
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 1004 Release Date: 05/22/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francisco Tarrega,  Fernando Sor,  Mauro Giuliani
    Performer:  Celedonio Romero
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