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Fernando Sor

Biography

Born: February 14, 1778; Barcelona, Spain   Died: July 10, 1839; Paris, France  
Spanish composer Fernando Sor (originally Sors), despite having composed prolifically for various vocal and instrumental ensembles, is remembered today chiefly as a virtuoso guitarist whose hundred-plus compositions for that instrument constitute a vital part of its concert repertory. While the exact date of Sor's birth remains unknown, he is known to have been born in Barcelona and baptized on Valentine's Day in the year 1778. Of Catalan Read more ancestry, Sor attended the choir school at Montserrat monastery and later enrolled in Barcelona's military academy. After the production of his opera Telemaco nell'isola de Calipso in 1797 he moved to Madrid, where he served in a number of minor administrative positions and continued to compose privately. During the French invasion of 1808 Sor's military background and patriotism roused him to fight against the invaders, though by 1810 he had resigned himself to the presence of the new regime; when the French withdrew three years later Sor opted, along with countless other Spanish artists and intellectuals, to return to Paris with them.

After two years of teaching guitar and performing in various Parisian venues, Sor moved to London and remained there for eight years (1815-1823). Many of his works were published there, and his thirty-three Italian vocal ariettas (published in groups of three) made a particularly strong impact. Sor also gained fame after directing his energies toward the ballet; Cendrillon (1822) achieved the most favorable critical and public response and was successfully transplanted to Paris in 1822. When the Bolshoi theater in Moscow showed an interest in the work for the 1823 season, Sor accompanied the lead dancers to Moscow. He limited his compositional activities to music for the guitar while staying in Russia, and by the time he returned to Paris in 1826 he had several works for the instrument ready for publication and had completed much of the work on a Méthode pour la guitare, eventually published in Paris in 1830. Except for occasional trips abroad, such as a journey to London in 1828 to oversee production of a new ballet, Hassan et le calife, Sor remained in Paris, composing and teaching guitar, until his death in 1839.

Much of Sor's music that has survived (two symphonies, three string quartets and any number of smaller pieces have been lost since his death) has been abandoned by performers, but his music for the guitar lives on. Much of his reputation is based on the continued use of his Méthode by teachers and students of classical guitar. Sor's musical style derives largely from an awareness of the late eighteenth century German masters (in particular Haydn); his guitar music, with its independent voices and occasionally contrapuntal textures, shows a tendency to move away from the largely chordal textures that had been common up to that point. Read less
Guitar Collection - Sor, Aguado, Tárrega / Norbert Kraft
Release Date: 03/21/1995   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553007   Number of Discs: 1
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Sor: Grandes Sonates Opp 22 & 25, Etc / Adam Holzman
Release Date: 03/26/1996   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553340   Number of Discs: 1
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Sor: Guitar Duets Vol 1 / Kubica, Berkel
Release Date: 12/12/1995   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553302   Number of Discs: 1
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Sor: Guitar Duets Vol 2 / Kubica, Berkel
Release Date: 06/10/1997   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553418   Number of Discs: 1
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Guitar Collection - Sor: Trois Pièces, Etc / Marc Teicholz
Release Date: 05/26/1998   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553722   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 1-25 of 232 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Homages: A Musical Dedication / Christoph Denoth
    Label: Signum U.k.   Catalog: 404 Release Date: 11/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Malats,  Luis de Narváez,  Miguel Llobet,  Fernando Sor  ... 
    Performer:  Christoph Denoth
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  • 2.
    La Voix de l'Emotion II / Montserrat Figueras
    Label: Alia Vox   Catalog: 9904 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Bartolomé Cárceres,  Ginés de Morata,  Giovanni Batt. Bovicelli  ... 
    Performer:  Montserrat Figueras
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  • 3.
    Sor: 24 Selected Etudes
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 3050390 Release Date: 04/01/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Fernando Sor
    Performer:  Frank Bungarten
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  • 4.
    The Westminster Legacy
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001999302 Release Date: 02/18/2014   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Sena Jurinac,  Lucretia West,  Hans Loeffler,  Frederick Guthrie  ... 
    Conductor:  Hermann Scherchen,  Pierre Monteux,  René Leibowitz,  Erich Leinsdorf  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Orchestra,  Vienna Academy Chamber Chorus  ... 
    On sale! $149.98
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  • 5.
    Label: Warner Brothers   Catalog: 540778 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arlo Guthrie,  Rolfe Kent,  Vashti Bunyan,  Federico Moreno-Torroba  ... 
    Performer:  Arlo Guthrie,  Cameron Stone,  Haim Shtrum,  Andrew Duckles  ... 
    Conductor:  Rolfe Kent
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  • 6.
    The Birth Of Classical Guitar - Sor, Giuliani / Wulfin Lieske
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 872 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Fernando Sor,  Mauro Giuliani
    Performer:  Wulfin Lieske
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  • 7.
    Cuatro / Aquarelle Guitar Quartet
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10786 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Ian Krouse,  Isaac Albeniz,  Fernando Sor
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Aquarelle Guitar Quartet
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  • 8.
    Fernando Sor: Menuets
    Label: Emec (Editorial De Musica Espanola)   Catalog: 69 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Fernando Sor
    Performer:  Agustín Maruri
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  • 9.
    Julian Bream - The Complete RCA Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 546242 Release Date: 10/15/2013   Number of Discs: 42
    Composer:  Girolamo Frescobaldi,  Mateo Pérez de Albeniz,  Domenico Scarlatti,  Domenico Cimarosa  ... 
    Performer:  Julian Bream,  Peter Pears,  George Malcolm,  John Williams  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Malcolm Arnold,  Sir Colin Davis,  André Previn,  David Atherton  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Melos Ensemble London,  Julian Bream Consort,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 10.
    Essential Guitar - Giuliani, Scarlatti, Sor, Albeniz, Villa-Lobos
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300542 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Mauro Giuliani,  Domenico Scarlatti,  Fernando Sor,  Luigi Boccherini  ... 
    Performer:  Victor Villadangos,  Guiseppe Feola,  Cristiano Porqueddu,  Frédéric Zigante  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Magnifica Comunità,  Ensemble Ottocento
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  • 11.
    Souvenir De Barcelone: Starlight Hours / Javaloy
    Label: La Ma De Guido   Catalog: 2119 Release Date: 09/10/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jaume Bosch,  Francisco Tarrega,  Miguel Llobet,  Emilio Pujol-Villarrubi  ... 
    Performer:  Miguel Javaloy
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  • 12.
    The Essential Julian Bream
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 374696 Release Date: 09/10/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Heitor Villa-Lobos,  Luigi Boccherini,  Mauro Giuliani  ... 
    Performer:  Julian Bream,  George Malcolm,  John Williams
    Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner,  André Previn,  Leo Brouwer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe,  Julian Bream Consort
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  • 13.
    Watercolor
    Label: Dan Hopson   Catalog: 5638174285 Release Date: 09/06/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maximo Diego Pujol,  Baden Powell De Aquino,  Santiago de Murcia,  Francis Cutting  ... 
    Performer:  Dan Hopson
    CD: $16.99
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  • 14.
    El Circulo Musical: Tarrega, His Disciples & Their Students / Segovia
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7996 Release Date: 06/11/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manuel Ponce,  Francisco Tarrega,  Daniel Fortea,  Enrique Granados  ... 
    Performer:  Miguel Llobet,  Josefina Robledo,  Daniel Fortea,  Bartholomé Calatayud  ... 
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  • 15.
    The Private Collection
    Label: Upbeat Classics   Catalog: 3 Release Date: 03/26/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Federico Moreno-Torroba,  Enrique Granados,  Francisco Tarrega,  Heitor Villa-Lobos  ... 
    Performer:  Carlos Bonell
    CD: $13.99
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  • 16.
    Label: Heritage   Catalog: 242 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Girolamo Frescobaldi,  Domenico Scarlatti,  Domenico Cimarosa,  Joaquin Rodrigo  ... 
    Performer:  Julian Bream
    CD: $12.99
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  • 17.
    Label: Mood Media Entertainment   Catalog: 57757 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  César Cui,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johann Pachelbel,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Performer:  Jeffrey Biegel,  Tamas Benkocs,  Kimball Sykes,  Stéphane Lemelin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Villa Musica,  Stuttgart Piano Trio,  Concentus Hungaricus
    CD: $23.99
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  • 18.
    Label: Gsp Recordings   Catalog: 1037 Release Date: 11/20/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sérgio Assad,  Terry Riley,  Belinda Reynolds,  Peppino D'agostino  ... 
    Performer:  Adam Cockerham,  Sérgio Assad
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pacific Guitar Ensemble
    CD: $15.99
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  • 19.
    Label: Nicholas Ciraldo   Catalog: 5637946020 Release Date: 10/11/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Federico Moreno-Torroba,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Fernando Sor,  Leo Brouwer
    Performer:  Nicholas Ciraldo
    CD: $21.99
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  • 20.
    A Day In The Country
    Label: Dos Almas   Catalog: 5637910177 Release Date: 09/26/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Guillermo Gomez,  Louis Valentine Johnson,  Ludovico Roncalli,  Luis de Narváez  ... 
    Performer:  Louis Valentine Johnson
    CD: $18.99
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  • 21.
    Guitar Sensation - Tribute To Andres Segovia / Friedemann Wuttke
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 12036 Release Date: 09/25/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Fernando Sor,  Joaquin Malats,  Enrique Granados  ... 
    Performer:  Andrés Segovia,  Friedemann Wuttke
    Conductor:  Igor Zhukov,  Nicolás Pasquet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Moscow Chamber Orchestra,  Hungarian Chamber Philharmonic Pecs
    CD: $34.99
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  • 22.
    Norwegian Landscape
    Label: Clear Note   Catalog: CN-74403 Release Date: 06/26/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  David Cullen,  Francisco Tarrega,  Piotr Panin,  Oistein Sommerfeldt  ... 
    Performer:  Berit Strong
    CD: $17.99
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  • 23.
    Maestro - Guitar / Andres Segovia
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1195 Release Date: 06/05/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Luis de Milan,  Anonymous,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Gaspar Sanz  ... 
    Performer:  Andrés Segovia
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  • 24.
    Sor: 20 Studies For Guitar / Cristiano Porqueddu
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 9205 Release Date: 05/29/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Fernando Sor
    Performer:  Cristiano Porqueddu
    CD: $8.99
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  • 25.
    Arbol Del Olvido / Pezzimenti, Rowe, Enlow, Rose
    Label: Cd Baby   Catalog: 5637942446 Release Date: 05/22/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Manuel de Falla,  Alberto Ginastera,  Fernando Sor  ... 
    Performer:  Brian Rowe,  Carlo Pezzimenti,  Leslie Enlow,  Melody Rose
    CD: $18.99
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