Georges Bizet

Biography

Born: 1838   Died: 1875   Country: France   Period: Romantic
Known for one of the world's most popular operas, Carmen, Georges Bizet deserves attention as well for other works of remarkable melodic charm. Many of his works received cool receptions on their premieres but are now considered central to the repertory of classical music.

Bizet was born in Paris on October 25, 1838, and grew up in a happy, musical family that encouraged his talents. He learned to read music at the same time he learned to
Read more read letters, and equally well. Entering the Paris Conservatory before he was ten, he earned first prize in solfčge within six months, a first prize in piano in 1852, and eventually, the coveted Prix de Rome in 1857 for his cantata Clovis et Clotilde. His teachers had included Marmontel for piano and Halévy for composition, but the greatest influence on him was Charles Gounod, of whom Bizet later said "You were the beginning of my life as an artist." Bizet himself hid away his Symphony in C, written when he was 17, feeling it was too much like its models, Gounod's symphonies. The two years spent in Rome after winning his prize, would be the only extensive time, and a greatly impressionable one, that Bizet would spend outside of Paris in his brief life. When he returned to Paris, he lost confidence in his natural talents and began to substitute dry Germanic or academic writing for his own developing idiom. He composed a one-act opera for production at the Opéra-Comique, but the theater's director engaged him to write a full-length opera instead, Les pęcheurs de perles (The Pearl Fishers). It was not a success at the time, but despite a few weaknesses, the work was revived in 1886, and its sheer beauty has earned it a respected position among the lesser-played operatic repertory. In 1863 Bizet's father bought land outside Paris where he built two bungalows, one of which Bizet frequently used as a compositional retreat. He began a friendship (apparently not a physical one) with a neighbor-woman named Céleste Mogador, a former actress, author, courtesan, circus rider, and dance-hall girl. She is said to have been the model for his masterpiece's title role of Carmen. Bizet earned his living as an accompanist and publishing house arranger. Meanwhile, he poured his creative efforts into an immense five-act opera in the grand tradition, Ivan IV, but it was never performed. This proved to be a pattern for the rest of his career. Bizet would work hard to get an opera produced, and even if he did, it would usually receive only a handful of performances. Bizet's corpus of unfinished works is large, and testifies to his unsettled existence and his difficulty in finding a place in France's notoriously hierarchical and conservative musical world. In 1869 Bizet married Genevičve Halévy, daughter of his teacher. The marriage did not turn out to be a happy one, primarily due to her family's history of mental illness. In 1872, Bizet's splendid incidental music for the play L'arlčsienne was poorly received, but when the composer assembled the music into an orchestral suite for a November performance, it found great acclaim. At last confident of his creative vision, Bizet was able to steer his final masterpiece through various obstacles, including the objections of singers and theater directors who were shocked by Carmen's subject matter. When the opera had its premiere on March 3, 1875, it was received barely well enough to hang on for future productions. Although it took audiences only a few weeks to catch on, Bizet died convinced it was a failure. Read less

Work: Les pêcheurs de perles: Au fond du temple saint

Browse 101-105 of 105 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Famous Duets / Bergonzi & Fischer-dieskau, Lopez-cobos
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 28821 Release Date: 01/20/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Amilcare Ponchielli,  Georges Bizet,  Giacomo Puccini
    Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Conductor:  Jesús Lopez-Cobos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $22.49
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  • 102.
    Prima Voce - Beniamino Gigli Vol 2 1925-1940
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7817 Release Date: 12/02/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaetano Donizetti,  Giulio Caccini,  Francesco Cilča,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Giuseppe de Luca,  Beniamino Gigli
    CD: $14.99
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  • 103.
    Opera's Greatest Moments - Domingo, Price, Caballe, Et Al
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 61440 Release Date: 11/10/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Gioachino Rossini,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Dmitri Hvorostovsky,  Robert Merrill,  Placido Domingo,  Helen Donath  ... 
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Nello Santi,  Giuseppe Patané  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $8.99
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  • 104.
    Jussi Bjorling- Pearl Fishers Duet, Etc / Tebaldi, Merrill
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 7799 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini,  Georges Bizet
    Performer:  Robert Merrill,  Jussi Björling,  Emil Markow,  Tommaso Frascati  ... 
    Conductor:  Renato Cellini,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Jonel Perlea
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Rome Opera House Orchestra
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    CD: $8.99
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  • 105.
    Libero De Luca - Recordings 1951-1952
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 10067 Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ambroise Thomas,  Georges Bizet,  Léo Delibes
    Performer:  Genevieve Moizan,  Janine Micheau,  Libero De Luca,  François Louis Deschamps  ... 
    ArkivCD $16.99
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