Georges Bizet

Biography

Born: 1838   Died: 1875   Country: France   Period: Romantic
Known for one of the world's most popular operas, Carmen, Georges Bizet deserves attention as well for other works of remarkable melodic charm. Many of his works received cool receptions on their premieres but are now considered central to the repertory of classical music.

Bizet was born in Paris on October 25, 1838, and grew up in a happy, musical family that encouraged his talents. He learned to read music at the same time he learned to
Read more read letters, and equally well. Entering the Paris Conservatory before he was ten, he earned first prize in solfčge within six months, a first prize in piano in 1852, and eventually, the coveted Prix de Rome in 1857 for his cantata Clovis et Clotilde. His teachers had included Marmontel for piano and Halévy for composition, but the greatest influence on him was Charles Gounod, of whom Bizet later said "You were the beginning of my life as an artist." Bizet himself hid away his Symphony in C, written when he was 17, feeling it was too much like its models, Gounod's symphonies. The two years spent in Rome after winning his prize, would be the only extensive time, and a greatly impressionable one, that Bizet would spend outside of Paris in his brief life. When he returned to Paris, he lost confidence in his natural talents and began to substitute dry Germanic or academic writing for his own developing idiom. He composed a one-act opera for production at the Opéra-Comique, but the theater's director engaged him to write a full-length opera instead, Les pęcheurs de perles (The Pearl Fishers). It was not a success at the time, but despite a few weaknesses, the work was revived in 1886, and its sheer beauty has earned it a respected position among the lesser-played operatic repertory. In 1863 Bizet's father bought land outside Paris where he built two bungalows, one of which Bizet frequently used as a compositional retreat. He began a friendship (apparently not a physical one) with a neighbor-woman named Céleste Mogador, a former actress, author, courtesan, circus rider, and dance-hall girl. She is said to have been the model for his masterpiece's title role of Carmen. Bizet earned his living as an accompanist and publishing house arranger. Meanwhile, he poured his creative efforts into an immense five-act opera in the grand tradition, Ivan IV, but it was never performed. This proved to be a pattern for the rest of his career. Bizet would work hard to get an opera produced, and even if he did, it would usually receive only a handful of performances. Bizet's corpus of unfinished works is large, and testifies to his unsettled existence and his difficulty in finding a place in France's notoriously hierarchical and conservative musical world. In 1869 Bizet married Genevičve Halévy, daughter of his teacher. The marriage did not turn out to be a happy one, primarily due to her family's history of mental illness. In 1872, Bizet's splendid incidental music for the play L'arlčsienne was poorly received, but when the composer assembled the music into an orchestral suite for a November performance, it found great acclaim. At last confident of his creative vision, Bizet was able to steer his final masterpiece through various obstacles, including the objections of singers and theater directors who were shocked by Carmen's subject matter. When the opera had its premiere on March 3, 1875, it was received barely well enough to hang on for future productions. Although it took audiences only a few weeks to catch on, Bizet died convinced it was a failure. Read less
Bizet: Carmen Highlights (In German) / Patané, Rothenberger
Release Date: 11/16/1999   Label: Berlin Classics  
Catalog: 2030   Number of Discs: 1
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Opera In English - Bizet: Carmen / Parry, Bardon, Et Al
Release Date: 03/11/2003   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 3091   Number of Discs: 2
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Bizet: L'arlésienne Suites Nos 1 & 2 Etc / Rögner, Berlin Radio So
Release Date: 10/01/2005   Label: Berlin Classics  
Catalog: 3244   Number of Discs: 1
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Bizet, Weber: Symphonies / Suitner, Dresden Staatskapelle
Release Date: 10/01/2005   Label: Berlin Classics  
Catalog: 3247   Number of Discs: 1
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Bizet: Carmen Highlights (In German) / Kegel, Cervena
Release Date: 10/01/2005   Label: Berlin Classics  
Catalog: 3248   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Carmen: Micaëla's Aria

Browse 76-84 of 84 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Prima Voce - Eames & Plancon
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7860 Release Date: 12/06/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Franz Schubert,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Pol Plançon,  Emma Eames,  Louise Homer,  Emilio de Gorgoza  ... 
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  • 77.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Elisabeth Rethberg
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89051 Release Date: 11/29/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Umberto Giordano,  Hubert Patáky,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Rethberg,  Richard Tauber
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  • 78.
    Basic 100 Vol 52 - Bizet: Carmen Highlights / Karajan, Et Al
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 68021 Release Date: 11/08/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georges Bizet
    Performer:  Franco Corelli,  Mirella Freni,  Leontyne Price,  Robert Merrill
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Chorus
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  • 79.
    Bizet: Carmen (Highlights)
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550727 Release Date: 01/28/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georges Bizet
    Performer:  Doina Palade,  Giorgio Lamberti,  Alan Titus,  Graciela Alperyn
    Conductor:  Alexander Rahbari
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Philharmonic Chorus,  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra Bratislava
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  • 80.
    Dinner Classics - Romance
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 48260 Release Date: 04/07/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Frederick Delius,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Philippe Entremont,  Rafael Druian,  Pinchas Zukerman
    Conductor:  Louis Lane,  Eugene Ormandy,  George Szell,  Andre Kostelanetz  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Pops Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra  ... 
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  • 81.
    Carmen Without Words / Andre Kostelanetz & His Orchestra
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 46287 Release Date: 11/10/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla,  Mikhail Glinka,  Maurice Ravel,  Georges Bizet
    Conductor:  Andre Kostelanetz,  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Andre Kostelanetz Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic
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  • 82.
    Bizet: Carmen Highlights / Karajan, Price, Et Al
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60190 Release Date: 06/26/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georges Bizet
    Performer:  Franco Corelli,  Leontyne Price,  Mirella Freni,  Monique Linval  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus
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  • 83.
    Bizet: Carmen - Highlights / Ozawa, Norman, Freni, Shicoff
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 426040 Release Date: 08/07/1989   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georges Bizet
    Performer:  Neil Shicoff,  Jessye Norman,  Mirella Freni,  Jean Rigby  ... 
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF National Orchestra,  French National Radio Chorus
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  • 84.
    The Early Years - Leopold Simoneau, Pierrette Alarie
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438953 Release Date: 12/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Léo Delibes,  Charles Gounod,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Pierrette Alarie,  Léopold Simoneau
    Conductor:  Bernhard Paumgartner,  Pierre Dervaux,  André Jouve
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Lamoureux Concerts Association Orchestra
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