Known for one of the world's most popular operas, Carmen, Georges Bizet deserves attention as well for other works of remarkable melodic charm. Many of his works received cool receptions on their premieres but are now considered central to the repertory of classical music.
Bizet was born in Paris on October 25, 1838, and grew up in a happy, musical family that encouraged his talents. He learned to read music at the same time he learned to
read letters, and equally well. Entering the Paris Conservatory before he was ten, he earned first prize in solfège within six months, a first prize in piano in 1852, and eventually, the coveted Prix de Rome in 1857 for his cantata Clovis et Clotilde. His teachers had included Marmontel for piano and Halévy for composition, but the greatest influence on him was Charles Gounod, of whom Bizet later said "You were the beginning of my life as an artist." Bizet himself hid away his Symphony in C, written when he was 17, feeling it was too much like its models, Gounod's symphonies. The two years spent in Rome after winning his prize, would be the only extensive time, and a greatly impressionable one, that Bizet would spend outside of Paris in his brief life. When he returned to Paris, he lost confidence in his natural talents and began to substitute dry Germanic or academic writing for his own developing idiom. He composed a one-act opera for production at the Opéra-Comique, but the theater's director engaged him to write a full-length opera instead, Les pêcheurs de perles (The Pearl Fishers). It was not a success at the time, but despite a few weaknesses, the work was revived in 1886, and its sheer beauty has earned it a respected position among the lesser-played operatic repertory. In 1863 Bizet's father bought land outside Paris where he built two bungalows, one of which Bizet frequently used as a compositional retreat. He began a friendship (apparently not a physical one) with a neighbor-woman named Céleste Mogador, a former actress, author, courtesan, circus rider, and dance-hall girl. She is said to have been the model for his masterpiece's title role of Carmen. Bizet earned his living as an accompanist and publishing house arranger. Meanwhile, he poured his creative efforts into an immense five-act opera in the grand tradition, Ivan IV, but it was never performed. This proved to be a pattern for the rest of his career. Bizet would work hard to get an opera produced, and even if he did, it would usually receive only a handful of performances. Bizet's corpus of unfinished works is large, and testifies to his unsettled existence and his difficulty in finding a place in France's notoriously hierarchical and conservative musical world. In 1869 Bizet married Geneviève Halévy, daughter of his teacher. The marriage did not turn out to be a happy one, primarily due to her family's history of mental illness. In 1872, Bizet's splendid incidental music for the play L'arlèsienne was poorly received, but when the composer assembled the music into an orchestral suite for a November performance, it found great acclaim. At last confident of his creative vision, Bizet was able to steer his final masterpiece through various obstacles, including the objections of singers and theater directors who were shocked by Carmen's subject matter. When the opera had its premiere on March 3, 1875, it was received barely well enough to hang on for future productions. Although it took audiences only a few weeks to catch on, Bizet died convinced it was a failure. Read less
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Work: Carmen: Flower Song
Introduction: "Sur la place chacun passe"
Que chercez-vous, la belle?
Marche et Choeur des gamins: "Avec la garde montante"
"Halte! Repos!" / "Une jolie fille est venue"
Dans l'air, nous suivons des yeux la fumée
Mais nous ne voyons pas la Carmencita?
"Quand je vous aimerai?"/Havanaise: "L'amour est un oiseau rebelle"
Scène: "Carmen, sur tes pas nous nous pressons tous!"
"Monsieur le brigadier?" / Duo:"Parle-moi de ma mère!"
Votre mère avec moi sortait de la chapelle
Ah! enfin! un peu de silence!
Chanson et Mélodrame: "Avez-vous quelque chose à ré- pondre?..." "Tra la la la ...."
Vous êtes si jeune, seigneur officier
"Près des remparts de Séville"
Final: "Le lieutenant! Prenez garde..."
Chanson: "Les tringles des sistres tintaient"
Vous avez quelque chose à nous dire...?
Choeur et Ensemble: "Vivat! vivat le Toréro!"
Couplets: "Votre toast, je peux vous le rendre"
Messieurs les officiers, je vous en supplie
Quintette: "Nous avons en tête une affaire!"
Chanson: "Halte-là! Qui va là?"
Enfin ... Tu as mis le temps!
Duo: "Je vais danser en votre honneur"
"La fleur que tu m'avais jetée"
Final: "Holà! Carmen! Holà!"
Suis-nous à travers la campagne
Introduction: "Ecoute, compagnon, écoute!"
Carmen, ne me fuis pas...
Carreau! Pique! ...La Mort!
"Alerte!!!" - Morceau d'Ensemble: "Quant au douanier, c'est notre affaire!"
Air: "Je dis que rien ne m'épouvante"
Mais .. je ne me trompe pas...
Je suis Escamillo, Toréro de Grenade!
Final: "Holà! holà! José!"
Halte! quelqu'un est là qui cherche à se cacher!
"Qu'avez-vous fait de la Carmencita?" - Choeur et Scéne: "Les voici! les voici!"
Duo final: "C'est toi!" / "C'est moi!"
L'Arlésienne - Incidental Music, Suite No.1 (2000 Digital Remaster): Prélude
L'Arlésienne - Incidental Music, Suite No.1 (2000 Digital Remaster): Menuet
L'Arlésienne - Incidental Music, Suite No.1 (2000 Digital Remaster): Adagietto
L'Arlésienne - Incidental Music, Suite No.1 (2000 Digital Remaster): Carillon
L'Arlésienne - Suite No.2 (orch. Ernest Guiraud) (2000 Digital Remaster): Pastorale
L'Arlésienne - Suite No.2 (orch. Ernest Guiraud) (2000 Digital Remaster): Intermezzo
L'Arlésienne - Suite No.2 (orch. Ernest Guiraud) (2000 Digital Remaster): Minuet (from 'La jolie fille de Perth')
L'Arlésienne - Suite No.2 (orch. Ernest Guiraud) (2000 Digital Remaster): Farandole
Bizet: Carmen - Overture (Prelude)
Bizet: Carmen - Entracte (between Act I & II)
Bizet: Carmen - Entracte (Between Act II & III)
Bizet: Carmen / Act 3 - Entr'acte
Symphony in C (2000 Digital Remaster): Allegro vivo
Symphony in C (2000 Digital Remaster): Adagio
Symphony in C (2000 Digital Remaster): Allegro vivace & Trio
Symphony in C (2000 Digital Remaster): Allegro vivace