Bedrich Smetana

Composition Types

Biography

Born: Mar 2, 1824; Czech Republic   Died: May 12, 1884; Czech Republic   Period: Romantic
Bedrich Smetana was one of the great composers of his country's history and one of the leaders of the movement toward musical nationalism. His father was a violin teacher who gave Bedrich his first lessons and referred him to keyboard, harmony, and composition lessons when the boy requested them. His father tried to get Bedrich to apply himself in academics, but Bedrich was too focused on music to be a good student.
Bedrich Kittl,
Read more director of the Prague Conservatory, in 1844 found Smetana a job as a music teacher to the family of Count Leopold Thun while continuing music studies. He remained with the count for three and a half years, but he quit to undertake a concert tour, which turned out to be a financial failure.
Franz Liszt aided Smetana in finding a publisher for some early piano music and in 1848, Smetana founded a successful piano school.
Although he established a strong local reputation as a pianist, his piano compositions (mostly lighter works) did not earn him any special distinction as a composer.
In 1860, the Austro-Hungarian Empire granted internal political autonomy to Bohemia. A movement began to search for a genuine Czech voice in arts, including the establishment of a national theater. In 1862-1863, Smetana composed The Brandenburgers in Bohemia, his first opera, which was a success at its premiere on January 5, 1866. His next opera was Prodaná nevesta (The Bartered Bride), his most famous and enduring opera today, but a failure when it premiered on May 30, 1866.
In 1866, Smetana became conductor of the Provisional Theater, re-forming its administration and attempting to raise standards. His next opera, Dalibor (1871), was criticized for its Wagnerian elements. He had also written Libuse, but could find no producer. But in 1874, he had a large success with a light, popular opera, The Two Widows.
However, a severe whistling in the ears (graphically depicted in his autobiographical string quartet From My Life) led to deafness by the end of that year, symptoms of tertiary syphilis. He continued to compose and wrote his orchestral masterpiece Má Vlast (My Country) from 1874 to 1879. Three more operas were premiered successfully, including Libuse, but the last was The Devil's Wall (1882). By now, Smetana was seriously ill. The brain damage from syphilis led to madness, and he was confined to an asylum where he died. National mourning was proclaimed and he was given a burial at the Vyshehrad, one of the national sites depicted in Má Vlast. Read less
Smetana: Czech Dances & On the Seashore / Ohlsson
Release Date: 04/29/2016   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 68062   Number of Discs: 1
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Smetana: Ma Vlast / Levine, Wiener Philharmoniker
Release Date: 04/29/2016   Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002475802   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorak, Smetana & Suk: Piano Trios / Sitkovetsky Trio
Release Date: 04/29/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2059   Number of Discs: 1
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Mendelssohn, Smetana: Piano Trios / Trio Pro Arte
Release Date: 09/22/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 97   Number of Discs: 1
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Smetana: Ma Vlast / Flor, Malaysian Philharmonic
Release Date: 01/25/2011   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1805   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: The Moldau

Browse 76-100 of 104 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Ancerl & Scherchen - Great Conductors In Rehearsal And Performance
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4322 Release Date: 03/01/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana
    Conductor:  Karel Ancerl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toronto Symphony Orchestra
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  • 77.
    Discover - Music Of The Romantic Era
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8558155-56 Release Date: 01/18/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Ewa Podles,  Idil Biret,  Dong-Suk Kang,  Pascal Devoyon  ... 
    Conductor:  Piergiorgio Morandi,  George Hurst,  Michael Halász,  Jerzy Maksymiuk  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hungarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra,  Katowice Polish Radio/TV Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 78.
    Silence Vol 2
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98449 Release Date: 08/01/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Various,  Bedrich Smetana,  Pietro Mascagni,  Franz Schubert  ... 
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  • 79.
    Dvorák: Symphony No 9;  Smetana / Szell, Kubelik, Et Al
    Label: Avid Master Series   Catalog: 602 Release Date: 06/04/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik,  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 80.
    Nationalistic Trends During The Romantic Era / Jordania
    Label: Angelok   Catalog: 7751 Release Date: 05/25/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Johannes Brahms,  Mikhail Glinka,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Performer:  Tamera Kerzerov
    Conductor:  Vakhtang Jordania
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian Federal Symphony Orchestra
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  • 81.
    Romance 2 Classic / Marriner, Hahn, Brown, Novak Quartet
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98439 Release Date: 08/26/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Max Bruch,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Pamela Frank
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Iona Brown,  Klaus-Peter Hahn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Novák String Quartet,  Moscow Radio & TV Symphony Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Karajan - The Collection - Dvorak, Smetana /Berlin Po, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000005302 Release Date: 04/08/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 83.
    Die Moldau - Organ Transcriptions / Guido Harzen
    Label: Motette   Catalog: 1301 Release Date: 01/28/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Francesco Bendusi,  Charles Gounod,  Igor Stravinsky  ... 
    Performer:  Guido Harzen
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  • 84.
    Smetana: The Moldau; Dvorák, Brahms, Borodin, Liszt / Barenboim, Et Al
    Label: Dg Galleria   Catalog: 415851 Release Date: 12/21/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Borodin,  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 85.
    New Year's Eve Concert, Berlin 1983 / Karajan, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46401 Release Date: 10/16/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Jean Sibelius,  Bedrich Smetana,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 86.
    The Moldau / Libor Pesek, Royal Liverpool
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 59285 Release Date: 11/28/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Julius Fucik,  Oskar Nedbal,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Timothy Walden,  Malcolm Stewart
    Conductor:  Libor Pesek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 87.
    Classics For Kids By Kids / Paul Jan Zdunek, Et Al
    Label: Jamboree Records   Catalog: 3001 Release Date: 08/22/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Mackey,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Antonín Dvorák,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Performer:  Jordan Hall
    Conductor:  Paul Jan Zdunek,  James Berg,  William LaRue Jones
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Greater Twin Cities Youth Symphonies
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  • 88.
    Rimsky-korsakov: Scheherazade;  Et Al / Antal Dorati
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 462953 Release Date: 09/15/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Franz Liszt,  Jean Sibelius,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Performer:  Rafael Druian
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Bernstein Century - Dvorak: Symphony No 7;  Smetana
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 60561 Release Date: 07/14/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 90.
    Ports Of Call / Eiji Oue, Minnesota Orchestra
    Label: Reference Recordings   Catalog: 80 Release Date: 09/23/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Bedrich Smetana,  Alexander Borodin  ... 
    Conductor:  Eiji Oue
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minnesota Orchestra
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  • 91.
    Virtuoso Orchestral Showpieces
    Label: Curb   Catalog: 78030 Release Date: 10/31/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Modest Mussorgsky,  Franz Liszt,  Bedrich Smetana
    Conductor:  Herbert Kegel,  Václav Neumann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 92.
    Smetana: Moldau;  Liszt: Les Preludes;  Sibelius / Karajan
    Label: Dg Masters   Catalog: 445550 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Jean Sibelius,  Franz Liszt
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 93.
    Bruno Walter Edition - Strauss, Brahms, Smetana
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64467 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 94.
    Another Kiss - More Music For Love & Passion
    Label: Intercord Klassische Diskothek   Catalog: 892934 Release Date: 04/18/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Jörg Demus
    Conductor:  Günther Wich,  Karl Münchinger,  Václav Neumann,  Libor Pesek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  South German Chamber Philharmonia,  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 95.
    Erich Kleiber Dirigiert
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90229 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Bedrich Smetana,  Franz Liszt,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6;  Smetana / Alexander Gibson
    Label: Chesky Records   Catalog: 65 Release Date: 06/23/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Sir Alexander Gibson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Symphony Orchestra,  London Festival Orchestra
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  • 97.
    Holocaust Requiem - Kaddish For Terezin
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 1032 Release Date: 05/10/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Roland Senator
    Performer:  Bel Kaufman,  Lydia Zakharenko,  Jan Kratov
    Conductor:  Joel Spiegelman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra,  Mussorgsky State Conservatory Boys Choir,  Yurlov Russian Choir
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  • 98.
    Light Classics Volume 2 - Puccini, Offenbach, Mussorgsky
    Label: Chesky Records   Catalog: 108 Release Date: 02/17/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jacques Offenbach,  Ronald Binge,  Dmitri Kabalevsky,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  David Sellers
    Conductor:  Charles Gerhardt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Pops,  London Proms Orchestra  ... 
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  • 99.
    Karajan Gold - Dvorák: Symphonie No 9 / Vienna Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439009 Release Date: 10/12/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 100.
    Music Of The World - Scandinavia & Eastern Europe - Forests
    Label: Imp Discover The Classics   Catalog: 24 Release Date: 10/01/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Jean Sibelius,  Johan Svendsen,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
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