Bedrich Smetana

Composition Types

Biography

Born: Mar 2, 1824; Czech Republic   Died: May 12, 1884; Czech Republic   Period: Romantic
Bedrich Smetana was one of the great composers of his country's history and one of the leaders of the movement toward musical nationalism. His father was a violin teacher who gave Bedrich his first lessons and referred him to keyboard, harmony, and composition lessons when the boy requested them. His father tried to get Bedrich to apply himself in academics, but Bedrich was too focused on music to be a good student.
Bedrich Kittl,
Read more director of the Prague Conservatory, in 1844 found Smetana a job as a music teacher to the family of Count Leopold Thun while continuing music studies. He remained with the count for three and a half years, but he quit to undertake a concert tour, which turned out to be a financial failure.
Franz Liszt aided Smetana in finding a publisher for some early piano music and in 1848, Smetana founded a successful piano school.
Although he established a strong local reputation as a pianist, his piano compositions (mostly lighter works) did not earn him any special distinction as a composer.
In 1860, the Austro-Hungarian Empire granted internal political autonomy to Bohemia. A movement began to search for a genuine Czech voice in arts, including the establishment of a national theater. In 1862-1863, Smetana composed The Brandenburgers in Bohemia, his first opera, which was a success at its premiere on January 5, 1866. His next opera was Prodaná nevesta (The Bartered Bride), his most famous and enduring opera today, but a failure when it premiered on May 30, 1866.
In 1866, Smetana became conductor of the Provisional Theater, re-forming its administration and attempting to raise standards. His next opera, Dalibor (1871), was criticized for its Wagnerian elements. He had also written Libuse, but could find no producer. But in 1874, he had a large success with a light, popular opera, The Two Widows.
However, a severe whistling in the ears (graphically depicted in his autobiographical string quartet From My Life) led to deafness by the end of that year, symptoms of tertiary syphilis. He continued to compose and wrote his orchestral masterpiece Má Vlast (My Country) from 1874 to 1879. Three more operas were premiered successfully, including Libuse, but the last was The Devil's Wall (1882). By now, Smetana was seriously ill. The brain damage from syphilis led to madness, and he was confined to an asylum where he died. National mourning was proclaimed and he was given a burial at the Vyshehrad, one of the national sites depicted in Má Vlast. Read less
Dvorak, Smetana, Suk: Piano Trios / Sitkovetsky Trio
Release Date: 04/29/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2059   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: The Moldau

Browse 76-100 of 135 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Dvorák: Symphony No. 9;  Smetana: Vltava, Etc / Serebrier
    Label: Conifer   Catalog: 51522 Release Date: 06/11/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Bedrich Smetana
    Conductor:  José Serebrier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Brno State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 77.
    Label: Octave, Les Productions   Catalog: 23326 Release Date: 03/22/2007   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  François Couperin,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Wolfgang Schneiderhan,  Marcelle Meyer,  Andrés Segovia,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Baumgartner,  Eduard Van Beinum,  Sir Adrian Boult,  Wilhelm Furtwängler  ... 
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  • 78.
    Bohemian Rhapsody - Smetana, Dvorák / Kertész
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000837602 Release Date: 02/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Bedrich Smetana
    Conductor:  István Kertész
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 79.
    Original Masters - Karajan - The First Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 689602 Release Date: 08/08/2006   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin,  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra  ... 
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  • 80.
    Fantasy
    Label: Mack Duo   Catalog: 5637530831 Release Date: 05/30/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Bedrich Smetana,  Franz Schubert,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Yuki Mack,  Tomoko Mack
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  • 81.
    Label: Cd Baby   Catalog: 5637424492 Release Date: 01/31/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ottorino Respighi,  Bedrich Smetana,  Edvard Grieg,  Felix Mendelssohn
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  • 82.
    Famous Classics For Harp - Liszt, Et Al / Xavier De Maistre
    Label: Claves   Catalog: 2506 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Franz Liszt,  Béla Bartók,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Xavier De Maistre
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  • 83.
    Rhapsodies - Liszt, Enesco, Smetana, Et Al / Stokowski
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 67903 Release Date: 07/26/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  George Enescu,  Bedrich Smetana,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Ralph Froelich,  Marilyn Wright,  Arthur Garnick,  Harvey Shapiro  ... 
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Symphony of the Air
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  • 84.
    Masters Of Classical Music Vol 3 - Ponchielli, Et Al
    Label: Gega New   Catalog: 247 Release Date: 05/31/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  George Frideric Handel,  Bedrich Smetana,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Conductor:  Vassil Kazandjiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sofia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 85.
    Green
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557840 Release Date: 05/24/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Frank Bridge,  Bedrich Smetana,  Frederick Delius  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Kliegel,  Paul Gulda,  Jan Van Reeth,  Takako Nishizaki
    Conductor:  Jean-François Monnard,  James Judd,  Antoni Wit,  David Lloyd-Jones  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bournemouth Sinfonietta,  New Zealand Symphony Orchestra,  Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 86.
    Radiance - Music For Wine And Candlelight
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17488 Release Date: 03/08/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Samuel Barber,  Claude Debussy,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
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  • 87.
    Ancerl & Scherchen - Great Conductors In Rehearsal And Performance
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4322 Release Date: 03/01/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana
    Conductor:  Karel Ancerl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toronto Symphony Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Discover - Music Of The Romantic Era
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8558155-56 Release Date: 01/18/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Ewa Podles,  Idil Biret,  Dong-Suk Kang,  Pascal Devoyon  ... 
    Conductor:  Piergiorgio Morandi,  George Hurst,  Michael Halász,  Jerzy Maksymiuk  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hungarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra,  Katowice Polish Radio/TV Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 89.
    Bohemian Rhapsody - Dvorák, Smetana, Enescu / Dorati, Et Al
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4762453 Release Date: 10/18/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Bedrich Smetana,  George Enescu
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  István Kertész
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Detroit Symphony Orchestra,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 90.
    Silence Vol 2
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98449 Release Date: 08/01/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Various,  Bedrich Smetana,  Pietro Mascagni,  Franz Schubert  ... 
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  • 91.
    Best Of Wiener Philharmoniker - Vol 1
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4775077 Release Date: 07/01/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Leonard Bernstein,  Alfred Prinz,  Gidon Kremer  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  John Eliot Gardiner,  Valery Gergiev,  Sir Georg Solti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 92.
    Dvorák: Symphony No 9;  Smetana / Szell, Kubelik, Et Al
    Label: Avid Master Series   Catalog: 602 Release Date: 06/04/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik,  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 93.
    Nationalistic Trends During The Romantic Era / Jordania
    Label: Angelok   Catalog: 7751 Release Date: 05/25/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Johannes Brahms,  Mikhail Glinka,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Performer:  Tamera Kerzerov
    Conductor:  Vakhtang Jordania
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian Federal Symphony Orchestra
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  • 94.
    Strauss: Tod Und Verklärung, Etc;  Smetana / Furtwängler
    Label: Emi Great Artists Of The Century   Catalog: 62793 Release Date: 03/23/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Bedrich Smetana
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 95.
    Dvorak: Symphony No 9 / Prague Piano Duo
    Label: Praga   Catalog: 250189 Release Date: 03/09/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Zdenka Hrsel,  Martin Hrsel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Piano Duo
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  • 96.
    Romance 2 Classic / Marriner, Hahn, Brown, Novak Quartet
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98439 Release Date: 08/26/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Max Bruch,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Pamela Frank
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Iona Brown,  Klaus-Peter Hahn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Novák String Quartet,  Moscow Radio & TV Symphony Orchestra
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  • 97.
    Karajan - The Collection - Dvorak, Smetana /Berlin Po, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000005302 Release Date: 04/08/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 98.
    Die Moldau - Organ Transcriptions / Guido Harzen
    Label: Motette   Catalog: 1301 Release Date: 01/28/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Francesco Bendusi,  Charles Gounod,  Igor Stravinsky  ... 
    Performer:  Guido Harzen
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  • 99.
    Karajan Festival
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 429436 Release Date: 10/29/2002   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Alexander Borodin,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 100.
    101 Great Orchestral Classics
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550001 Release Date: 01/25/2002   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Erik Satie,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
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