Bedrich Smetana

Composition Types

Biography

Born: Mar 2, 1824; Czech Republic   Died: May 12, 1884; Czech Republic   Period: Romantic
Bedrich Smetana was one of the great composers of his country's history and one of the leaders of the movement toward musical nationalism. His father was a violin teacher who gave Bedrich his first lessons and referred him to keyboard, harmony, and composition lessons when the boy requested them. His father tried to get Bedrich to apply himself in academics, but Bedrich was too focused on music to be a good student.
Bedrich Kittl,
Read more director of the Prague Conservatory, in 1844 found Smetana a job as a music teacher to the family of Count Leopold Thun while continuing music studies. He remained with the count for three and a half years, but he quit to undertake a concert tour, which turned out to be a financial failure.
Franz Liszt aided Smetana in finding a publisher for some early piano music and in 1848, Smetana founded a successful piano school.
Although he established a strong local reputation as a pianist, his piano compositions (mostly lighter works) did not earn him any special distinction as a composer.
In 1860, the Austro-Hungarian Empire granted internal political autonomy to Bohemia. A movement began to search for a genuine Czech voice in arts, including the establishment of a national theater. In 1862-1863, Smetana composed The Brandenburgers in Bohemia, his first opera, which was a success at its premiere on January 5, 1866. His next opera was Prodaná nevesta (The Bartered Bride), his most famous and enduring opera today, but a failure when it premiered on May 30, 1866.
In 1866, Smetana became conductor of the Provisional Theater, re-forming its administration and attempting to raise standards. His next opera, Dalibor (1871), was criticized for its Wagnerian elements. He had also written Libuse, but could find no producer. But in 1874, he had a large success with a light, popular opera, The Two Widows.
However, a severe whistling in the ears (graphically depicted in his autobiographical string quartet From My Life) led to deafness by the end of that year, symptoms of tertiary syphilis. He continued to compose and wrote his orchestral masterpiece Má Vlast (My Country) from 1874 to 1879. Three more operas were premiered successfully, including Libuse, but the last was The Devil's Wall (1882). By now, Smetana was seriously ill. The brain damage from syphilis led to madness, and he was confined to an asylum where he died. National mourning was proclaimed and he was given a burial at the Vyshehrad, one of the national sites depicted in Má Vlast. Read less
Dvorak, Smetana, Suk: Piano Trios / Sitkovetsky Trio
Release Date: 04/29/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2059   Number of Discs: 1
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Smetana: The Bartered Bride / Ancerl, Blachut, Kalas, Et Al
Release Date: 07/02/2002   Label: Opera D'oro  
Catalog: 1354   Number of Discs: 2
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Smetana: Dalibor / Krips, Rysanek, Spiess, Et Al
Release Date: 09/13/2005   Label: Opera D'oro  
Catalog: 1434   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: The Moldau

Browse 101-125 of 136 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    101 Great Orchestral Classics
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550001 Release Date: 01/25/2002   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Erik Satie,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
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  • 102.
    The Best Of Naxos Vol 9
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8551202 Release Date: 01/25/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Stefan Schilli,  Hellen Kwon,  Maria Kliegel,  Gábor Fias  ... 
    Conductor:  Piergiorgio Morandi,  Michael Halász,  Gerhard Markson,  Alberto Turco  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hungarian State Opera Orchestra,  Failoni Chamber Orchestra,  National Symphony Orchestra of Ireland  ... 
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  • 103.
    Smetana: The Moldau; Dvorák, Brahms, Borodin, Liszt / Barenboim, Et Al
    Label: Dg Galleria   Catalog: 415851 Release Date: 12/21/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Borodin,  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 104.
    New Year's Eve Concert, Berlin 1983 / Karajan, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46401 Release Date: 10/16/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Jean Sibelius,  Bedrich Smetana,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 105.
    Aromatherapy 07 - Reflections In The Water
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4667052 Release Date: 04/30/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Frederick Delius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Jorge Bolet,  Varda Nishri,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Pascal Rogé
    Conductor:  Benjamin Britten,  Richard Bonynge,  Walter Weller,  Sir Neville Marriner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  National Philharmonic Orchestra,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 106.
    Smooth Classics - Sensual Seduction
    Label: Eclipse Music Group   Catalog: 538 Release Date: 01/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Bedrich Smetana,  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Alfred Scholz,  Anton Nanut,  Samo Hubad
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Festival Orchestra,  Ljubljana Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Slavonica
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  • 107.
    The Sorcerer's Apprentice And Other Orchestral Favourites
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 554066 Release Date: 10/06/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Bedrich Smetana,  Jean Sibelius,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd,  Antoni Wit,  Kenneth Schermerhorn,  Oliver Dohnányi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 108.
    Dvorák: Symphony no 9, etc / Rafael Kubelik, Berlin Philharmonic, et al
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4696232 Release Date: 09/04/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Bedrich Smetana
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 109.
    Classics For Kids By Kids / Paul Jan Zdunek, Et Al
    Label: Jamboree Records   Catalog: 3001 Release Date: 08/22/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Mackey,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Antonín Dvorák,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Performer:  Jordan Hall
    Conductor:  Paul Jan Zdunek,  James Berg,  William LaRue Jones
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Greater Twin Cities Youth Symphonies
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  • 110.
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 946089 Release Date: 07/03/2000   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Johann Pachelbel,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
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  • 111.
    Immortal Toscanini Vol 8 - Orchestral Showpieces
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 59484 Release Date: 11/09/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Jean Sibelius,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 112.
    Merit - Bruno Walter Conducts Tchaikovsky, Dvorák, Smetana
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4788 Release Date: 06/22/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Bedrich Smetana,  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Standard Symphony Orchestra
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  • 113.
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 3392 Release Date: 11/01/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Pavel Josef Vejvanovsky,  Jan Vaclav Vorisek,  Antonín Dvorák,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Performer:  Zdenek Sedivy,  Josef Hora,  Miroslav Kejmar,  Peter Skvor
    Conductor:  Libor Pesek,  Václáv Smetácek,  Jiri Belohlávek,  Václav Neumann  ... 
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  • 114.
    Rimsky-korsakov: Scheherazade;  Et Al / Antal Dorati
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 462953 Release Date: 09/15/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Franz Liszt,  Jean Sibelius,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Performer:  Rafael Druian
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra
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  • 115.
    Bernstein Century - Dvorak: Symphony No 7;  Smetana
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 60561 Release Date: 07/14/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 116.
    Ports Of Call / Eiji Oue, Minnesota Orchestra
    Label: Reference Recordings   Catalog: 80 Release Date: 09/23/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Bedrich Smetana,  Alexander Borodin  ... 
    Conductor:  Eiji Oue
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minnesota Orchestra
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  • 117.
    Romantic Adagio / Karajan
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 449900 Release Date: 01/28/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Georges Bizet,  Antonín Dvorák,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 118.
    Liszt: Les Préludes, Etc;  Smetana / Karajan, Berlin Po
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 447415 Release Date: 02/13/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Bedrich Smetana
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 119.
    Virtuoso Orchestral Showpieces
    Label: Curb   Catalog: 78030 Release Date: 10/31/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Modest Mussorgsky,  Franz Liszt,  Bedrich Smetana
    Conductor:  Herbert Kegel,  Václav Neumann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 120.
    Smetana: Moldau;  Liszt: Les Preludes;  Sibelius / Karajan
    Label: Dg Masters   Catalog: 445550 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Franz Liszt,  Bedrich Smetana
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 121.
    Bruno Walter Edition - Strauss, Brahms, Smetana
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64467 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 122.
    Another Kiss - More Music For Love & Passion
    Label: Intercord Klassische Diskothek   Catalog: 892934 Release Date: 04/18/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Jörg Demus
    Conductor:  Günther Wich,  Karl Münchinger,  Václav Neumann,  Libor Pesek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  South German Chamber Philharmonia,  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 123.
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 4039 Release Date: 02/21/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Radio-Television Ljubjana Soloists
    Conductor:  Alfred Scholz,  Marko Munih
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  • 124.
    Erich Kleiber Dirigiert
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90229 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Bedrich Smetana,  Franz Liszt,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 125.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6;  Smetana / Alexander Gibson
    Label: Chesky Records   Catalog: 65 Release Date: 06/23/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Sir Alexander Gibson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Symphony Orchestra,  London Festival Orchestra
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