Jean Sibelius

Biography

Born: Dec 8, 1865; Finland   Died: Sep 20, 1957; Finland   Period: 20th Century
Finland's Jean Sibelius is perhaps the most important composer associated with nationalism in music and one of the most influential in the development of the symphony and symphonic poem. Sibelius was born in southern Finland, the second of three children. His physician father left the family bankrupt, owing to his financial extravagance, a trait that, along with heavy drinking, he would pass on to Jean. Jean showed talent on the violin and at age Read more nine composed his first work for it, Rain Drops. In 1885 Sibelius entered the University of Helsinki to study law, but after only a year found himself drawn back to music. He took up composition studies with Martin Wegelius and violin with Mitrofan Wasiliev, then Hermann Csillag. During this time he also became a close friend of Busoni. Though Sibelius auditioned for the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, he would come to realize he was not suited to a career as a violinist.
In 1889 Sibelius traveled to Berlin to study counterpoint with Albert Becker, where he also was exposed to new music, particularly that of Richard Strauss. In Vienna he studied with Karl Goldmark and then Robert Fuchs, the latter said to be his most effective teacher. Now Sibelius began pondering the composition of the Kullervo Symphony, based on the Kalevala legends. Sibelius returned to Finland, taught music, and in June 1892, married Aino Järnefelt, daughter of General Alexander Järnefelt, head of one of the most influential families in Finland. The premiere of Kullervo in April 1893 created a veritable sensation, Sibelius thereafter being looked upon as the foremost Finnish composer. The Lemminkäinen suite, begun in 1895 and premiered on April 13, 1896, has come to be regarded as the most important music by Sibelius up to that time.
In 1897 the Finnish Senate voted to pay Sibelius a short-term pension, which some years later became a lifetime conferral. The honor was in lieu of his loss of an important professorship in composition at the music school, the position going to Robert Kajanus. The year 1899 saw the premiere of Sibelius' First Symphony, which was a tremendous success, to be sure, but not quite of the magnitude of that of Finlandia (1899; rev. 1900).
In the next decade Sibelius would become an international figure in the concert world. Kajanus introduced several of the composer's works abroad; Sibelius himself was invited to Heidelberg and Berlin to conduct his music. In March 1901, the Second Symphony was received as a statement of independence for Finland, although Sibelius always discouraged attaching programmatic ideas to his music. His only concerto, for violin, came in 1903. The next year Sibelius built a villa outside of Helsinki, named "Ainola" after his wife, where he would live for his remaining 53 years. After a 1908 operation to remove a throat tumor, Sibelius was implored to abstain from alcohol and tobacco, a sanction he followed until 1915. It is generally believed that the darkening of mood in his music during these years owes something to the health crisis.
Sibelius made frequent trips to England, having visited first in 1905 at the urging of Granville Bantock. In 1914 he traveled to Norfolk, CT, where he conducted his newest work The Oceanides. Sibelius spent the war years in Finland working on his Fifth Symphony. Sibelius traveled to England for the last time in 1921. Three years later he completed his Seventh Symphony, and his last work was the incidental music for The Tempest (1925). For his last 30 years Sibelius lived a mostly quiet life, working only on revisions and being generally regarded as the greatest living composer of symphonies. In 1955 his 90th birthday was widely celebrated throughout the world with many performances of his music. Sibelius died of a cerebral hemorrhage in 1957. Read less
Sibelius: Complete Works for Mixed Choir / Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir
Release Date: 03/10/2015   Label: Ondine  
Catalog: 1260   Number of Discs: 2
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Sibelius: Symphony No 2, Karelia Suite, Finlandia / Mackerras
Release Date: 09/13/2011   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28920   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Violin Concerto, Symphony No 5 / Gonley, Leaper
Release Date: 10/10/2006   Label: Arte Nova  
Catalog: 516290   Number of Discs: 1
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Baltic Runes - Tormis, Sibelius, Kreek, Bergman / Hillier
Release Date: 05/11/2010   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 807485   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Symphony No 5, En Saga, Swan of Tuonela, Valse Triste / Schmidt, RPO
Release Date: 05/10/2011   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28910   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 2 in D major, Op. 43

Browse 51-75 of 104 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Franck: Psyché;  Sibelius: Symphony No 2 / Ahronovitch, Cologne Gürzenich Orchestra
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 8040 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  César Franck
    Conductor:  Yuri Ahronovitch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Gürzenich Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 52.
    Sibelius: Symphonies No 2 & 5 / Barbirolli, Halle Orchestra, Royal Po
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1418 Release Date: 06/10/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Hallé Orchestra
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  • 53.
    The Absolute Sibelius - Violin Concerto, Etc / Segerstam
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1115 Release Date: 10/09/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Pekka Kuusisto
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 54.
    Sibelius: Symphonies No 1-7, Etc / Simon Rattle
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 753 Release Date: 10/02/2007   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Nigel Kennedy
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
    CD: $34.99
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  • 55.
    Sibelius: Symphony No. 2, Etc. / Ashkenazy, Boston Symphony
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 436566 Release Date: 08/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 56.
    Vladimir Ashkenazy - Personal Collection
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000897102 Release Date: 07/10/2007   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Conductor:  David Zinman,  István Kertész,  Bernard Haitink,  Vladimir Ashkenazy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra  ... 
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  • 57.
    Sibelius: Symphony No. 2; Symphony No. 7; Finlandia
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 4766167 Release Date: 06/25/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
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  • 58.
    Sibelius: Symphony No 2, Etc / Davis, London SO
    Label: Lso Live   Catalog: 105 Release Date: 05/08/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 59.
    Sibelius: Symphony No 2, Etc / Davis, London So
    Label: Lso Live   Catalog: 605 Release Date: 05/08/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Original Masters - Pierre Monteux - Decca And Philips Recordings 1956-1964
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000797902 Release Date: 01/09/2007   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Claude Monteux,  Julius Katchen
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris
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  • 61.
    The Essential Sibelius
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1697 Release Date: 11/28/2006   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Laura Vikman,  Silva Koskela,  Tiila Kangas,  Ulla Lampela  ... 
    Conductor:  Jorma Panula,  Astrid Riska,  Osmo Vänskä,  Robert Sund  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tempera String Quartet,  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra,  Jubilate Choir  ... 
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  • 62.
    Sibelius: Symphonies / Blomstedt, San Francisco Symphony
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000689202 Release Date: 07/04/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Sibelius: Symphony No 2 / Jansons, Royal Concertgebouw
    Label: Rco Live   Catalog: 5005 Release Date: 05/09/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
    SuperAudio CD: $21.49
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  • 64.
    Sibelius: Complete Symphonies, Etc / Segerstam, Et Al
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1075 Release Date: 03/21/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Pekka Kuusisto
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra,  Polytech Male Choir
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  • 65.
    Sibelius: Symphony No 2, En Saga, Luonnotar / Davis, Et Al
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 5049 Release Date: 03/21/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Ute Selbig
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
    CD: $17.99
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  • 66.
    Gemini - Sibelius: Symphonies No 1-4 / Paavo Berglund
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 76963 Release Date: 02/21/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Paavo Berglund
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 67.
    Sibelius: Symphonies 2 And 7 / Paavo Berglund, London Po
    Label: Lpo   Catalog: 5 Release Date: 11/15/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Paavo Berglund
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 68.
    Sibelius: Symphonies 1 & 2 / Stokowski, Nbc Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 541 Release Date: 09/20/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leopold Stokowski & His Symphony Orchestra,  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 69.
    Original Masters - George Szell
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000491002 Release Date: 08/09/2005   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Antonín Dvorák,  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Pilar Lorengar,  Klausjürgen Wussow
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD not available
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  • 70.
    Five Nordic Masters  - Svendsen, Stenhammar, Nielsen, Et Al
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1496/8 Release Date: 09/28/2004   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Eduard Tubin,  Jean Sibelius,  Carl Nielsen,  Wilhelm Stenhammar  ... 
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Jascha Horenstein - Broadcast Performances From Paris
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1146 Release Date: 08/31/2004   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Samuel Barber,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Lola Bobesco,  Marian Anderson,  Pilar Lorengar,  Marga Höffgen  ... 
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF National Orchestra
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  • 72.
    Sibelius: Symphony No 2 And No 7 / Depriest, Oregon Symphony
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3334 Release Date: 06/15/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  James DePreist
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oregon Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 73.
    Bernstein Collectors Edition - Sibelius, Etc
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000218302 Release Date: 05/11/2004   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Benjamin Britten
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Sibelius: Symphonies 2 & 6 / Segerstam, Helsinki Po
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1026 Release Date: 12/09/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Sibelius: The Symphonies, Etc / Vladimir Ashkenazy, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000121902 Release Date: 10/14/2003   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Elisabeth Söderström,  Boris Belkin
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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1 2 3 4 5

Jean Sibelius


WORKS
Three Preludes: Allegro ben ritmato e deciso
Andante con moto e poco rubato
Allegro ben ritmato e diciso
1. Intermezzo (Moderato)
2. Ballade (Tempo di menuetto)
3. Alla marcia (Moderato)
1. Allegretto - Poco allegro - Tranquillo, ma poco a poco ravvivando il tempo al allegro
2. Tempo andante, ma rubato - Andante sostenuto
3. Vivacissimo - Lento e suave - Largamente
4. Finale (Allegro moderato)
I. Andante ma non troppo: Allegro energico
II. Andante (ma non troppo lento)
III. Scherzo (Allegro)
IV. Finale (Quasi una fantasia)
1. Tempo molto moderato - Largamente - Allegro moderato
2. Andante mosso, quasi allegretto
3. Allegro molto
1. Tempo molto moderato, quasi adagio
2. Allegro molto vivace
3. Il tempo largo
4. Allegro
Adagio -
Vivacissimo - Adagio -
Allegro molto moderato - Allegro moderato -
Vivace - Presto - Adagio - Largamente molto -
Affettuoso
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andantino con moto, quasi allegretto
III. Moderato - Allegro (Ma non tanto)
Sibelius: Symphony No.6 in D minor, Op.104 - 1. Allegro molto moderato
Sibelius: Symphony No.6 in D minor, Op.104 - 2. Allegretto moderato
Sibelius: Symphony No.6 in D minor, Op.104 - 3. Poco vivace
Sibelius: Symphony No.6 in D minor, Op.104 - 4. Allegro molto